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T Wang, D F Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of polyene phosphatidyl choline (PPC) on hepatocyte steatosis and the possible role of the peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor α (PPARα)/carnitine palmityl transferase 1A (CPT-1A) pathway in the treatment. METHODS: L02 hepatocyte steatosis was induced with PPC treatment, and Oil Red O staining and triglyceride measurement were used to evaluate the influence of PPC on the degree of steatosis. Quantitative PCR and Western blot were used to measure the changes in mRNA and protein of CPT-1A, followed by using GW6471 to specifically inhibit the PPARα pathway...
April 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Ann M Manzardo, Jianghua He, Albert Poje, Elizabeth C Penick, Jan Campbell, Merlin G Butler
Alcohol dependence is associated with severe nutritional and vitamin deficiency. Vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency erodes neurological pathways that may influence the ability to drink in moderation. The present study examines tolerability of supplementation using the high-potency thiamine analog, benfotiamine (BF), and BF's effects on alcohol consumption in severely affected, self-identified, alcohol dependent subjects. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted on 120 non-treatment seeking, actively drinking, alcohol dependent men and women volunteers (mean age=47 years) from the Kansas City area who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for current alcohol dependence...
December 1, 2013: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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