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Multiple Myeloma

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21 papers 25 to 100 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379796/lenalidomide-bortezomib-and-dexamethasone-with-transplantation-for-myeloma
#1
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Michel Attal, Valerie Lauwers-Cances, Cyrille Hulin, Xavier Leleu, Denis Caillot, Martine Escoffre, Bertrand Arnulf, Margaret Macro, Karim Belhadj, Laurent Garderet, Murielle Roussel, Catherine Payen, Claire Mathiot, Jean P Fermand, Nathalie Meuleman, Sandrine Rollet, Michelle E Maglio, Andrea A Zeytoonjian, Edie A Weller, Nikhil Munshi, Kenneth C Anderson, Paul G Richardson, Thierry Facon, Hervé Avet-Loiseau, Jean-Luc Harousseau, Philippe Moreau
BACKGROUND: High-dose chemotherapy plus autologous stem-cell transplantation has been the standard treatment for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma in adults up to 65 years of age. However, promising data on the use of combination therapy with lenalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (RVD) in this population have raised questions about the role and timing of transplantation. METHODS: We randomly assigned 700 patients with multiple myeloma to receive induction therapy with three cycles of RVD and then consolidation therapy with either five additional cycles of RVD (350 patients) or high-dose melphalan plus stem-cell transplantation followed by two additional cycles of RVD (350 patients)...
April 6, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279102/a-question-of-class-treatment-options-for-patients-with-relapsed-and-or-refractory-multiple-myeloma
#2
REVIEW
Gordon Cook, Sonja Zweegman, María-Victoria Mateos, Florence Suzan, Philippe Moreau
Multiple classes of agent with distinct mechanisms of action are now available for the treatment of patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM), including immunomodulatory agents, proteasome inhibitors, histone deacetylase inhibitors and monoclonal antibodies. Additionally, several different drugs may be available within each agent class, each with their own specific efficacy and safety profile. This expansion of the treatment landscape has dramatically improved outcomes for patients. However, as the treatment options for RRMM become more complex, choosing the class of agent or combination of agents to use in the relapsed setting becomes increasingly challenging...
January 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311715/the-bone-marrow-niche-in-mds-and-mgus-implications-for-aml-and-mm
#3
REVIEW
Irene M Ghobrial, Alexandre Detappe, Kenneth C Anderson, David P Steensma
Several haematological malignancies, including multiple myeloma (MM) and acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), have well-defined precursor states that precede the development of overt cancer. MM is almost always preceded by monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), and at least a quarter of all patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) have disease that evolves into AML. In turn, MDS are frequently anteceded by clonal haematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP). The acquisition of additional genetic and epigenetic alterations over time clearly influences the increasingly unstable and aggressive behaviour of neoplastic haematopoietic clones; however, perturbations in the bone-marrow microenvironment are increasingly recognized to have key roles in initiating and supporting oncogenesis...
April 2018: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29257139/management-of-relapsed-and-refractory-multiple-myeloma-novel-agents-antibodies-immunotherapies-and-beyond
#4
REVIEW
C S Chim, S K Kumar, R Z Orlowski, G Cook, P G Richardson, M A Gertz, S Giralt, M V Mateos, X Leleu, K C Anderson
Despite enormous advances, management of multiple myeloma (MM) remains challenging. Multiple factors impact the decision to treat or which regimen to use at MM relapse/progression. Recent major randomized controlled trials (RCTs) showed widely varying progression-free survivals (PFS), ranging from a median of 4 months (MM-003) to 23.6 months (ASPIRE). Based on these RCTs, next-generation proteasome inhibitors (carfilzomib and ixazomib), next-generation immunomodulatory agent (pomalidomide), and monoclonal antibodies (elotuzumab and daratumumab) were approved for relapsed and refractory MM...
February 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928126/chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cell-therapies-for-multiple-myeloma
#5
REVIEW
Lekha Mikkilineni, James N Kochenderfer
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a nearly always incurable malignancy of plasma cells, so new approaches to treatment are needed. T-cell therapies are a promising approach for treating MM, with a mechanism of action different than those of standard MM treatments. Chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) are fusion proteins incorporating antigen-recognition domains and T-cell signaling domains. T cells genetically engineered to express CARs can specifically recognize antigens. Success of CAR-T cells (CAR-Ts) against leukemia and lymphoma has encouraged development of CAR-T therapies for MM...
December 14, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633036/recent-advances-in-understanding-multiple-myeloma
#6
REVIEW
Parameswaran Hari
There have been major recent advancements in the understanding and management of multiple myeloma which in turn has led to unprecedented survival outcomes for patients. Diagnostic and response criteria have been recently revised. Our understanding of clonal progression, evolution, and clonal tides will inform therapeutic choices and appropriate treatment for patients. Response rates to initial induction with modern triplet therapies containing proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulators have made this approach the global standard for initial treatment...
December 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584253/prediction-of-outcome-in-newly-diagnosed-myeloma-a-meta-analysis-of-the-molecular-profiles-of-1905-trial-patients
#7
V Shah, A L Sherborne, B A Walker, D C Johnson, E M Boyle, S Ellis, D B Begum, P Z Proszek, J R Jones, C Pawlyn, S Savola, M W Jenner, M T Drayson, R G Owen, R S Houlston, D A Cairns, W M Gregory, G Cook, F E Davies, G H Jackson, G J Morgan, M F Kaiser
Robust establishment of survival in multiple myeloma (MM) and its relationship to recurrent genetic aberrations is required as outcomes are variable despite apparent similar staging. We assayed copy number alterations (CNA) and translocations in 1036 patients from the NCRI Myeloma XI trial and linked these to overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival. Through a meta-anlysis of these data with data from MRC Myeloma IX trial, totalling 1905 newly diagnosed MM patients (NDMM), we confirm the association of t(4;14), t(14;16), t(14;20), del(17p) and gain(1q21) with poor prognosis with hazard ratios (HRs) for OS of 1...
January 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561703/hematologic-malignancies-plasma-cell-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Madhav V Dhodapkar, Ivan Borrello, Adam D Cohen, Edward A Stadtmauer
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell malignancy characterized by the growth of tumor cells in the bone marrow. Properties of the tumor microenvironment provide both potential tumor-promoting and tumor-restricting properties. Targeting underlying immune triggers for evolution of tumors as well as direct attack of malignant plasma cells is an emerging focus of therapy for MM. The monoclonal antibodies daratumumab and elotuzumab, which target the plasma cell surface proteins CD38 and SLAMF7/CS1, respectively, particularly when used in combination with immunomodulatory agents and proteasome inhibitors, have resulted in high response rates and improved survival for patients with relapsed and refractory MM...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453614/multiple-myeloma-esmo-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-diagnosis-treatment-and-follow-up
#9
P Moreau, J San Miguel, P Sonneveld, M V Mateos, E Zamagni, H Avet-Loiseau, R Hajek, M A Dimopoulos, H Ludwig, H Einsele, S Zweegman, T Facon, M Cavo, E Terpos, H Goldschmidt, M Attal, C Buske
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291589/therapy-for-relapsed-multiple-myeloma-guidelines-from-the-mayo-stratification-for-myeloma-and-risk-adapted-therapy
#10
REVIEW
David Dingli, Sikander Ailawadhi, P Leif Bergsagel, Francis K Buadi, Angela Dispenzieri, Rafael Fonseca, Morie A Gertz, Wilson I Gonsalves, Susan R Hayman, Prashant Kapoor, Taxiarchis Kourelis, Shaji K Kumar, Robert A Kyle, Martha Q Lacy, Nelson Leung, Yi Lin, John A Lust, Joseph R Mikhael, Craig B Reeder, Vivek Roy, Stephen J Russell, Taimur Sher, A Keith Stewart, Rahma Warsame, Stephen R Zeldenrust, S Vincent Rajkumar, Asher A Chanan Khan
Life expectancy in patients with multiple myeloma is increasing because of the availability of an increasing number of novel agents with various mechanisms of action against the disease. However, the disease remains incurable in most patients because of the emergence of resistant clones, leading to repeated relapses of the disease. In 2015, 5 novel agents were approved for therapy for relapsed multiple myeloma. This surfeit of novel agents renders management of relapsed multiple myeloma more complex because of the occurrence of multiple relapses, the risk of cumulative and emergent toxicity from previous therapies, as well as evolution of the disease during therapy...
April 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297630/genomics-of-multiple-myeloma
#11
REVIEW
Sebastien Robiou du Pont, Alice Cleynen, Charlotte Fontan, Michel Attal, Nikhil Munshi, Jill Corre, Hervé Avet-Loiseau
Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by wide variability in the chromosomal/genetic changes present in tumor plasma cells. Genetically, MM can be divided into two groups according to ploidy and hyperdiploidy versus nonhyperdiploidy. Several studies in gene expression profiling attempted to identify subentities in MM without convincing results. These studies mostly confirmed the cytogenetic data and subclassified patients according to 14q32 translocations and ploidy. More-recent data that are based on whole-exome sequencing have confirmed this heterogeneity and show many gene mutations but without a unifying mutation...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919908/targeting-the-pd-1-pd-l1-axis-in-multiple-myeloma-a-dream-or-a-reality
#12
REVIEW
Jacalyn Rosenblatt, David Avigan
The programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway is a negative regulator of immune activation that is upregulated in multiple myeloma and is a critical component of the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Expression is increased in advanced disease and in the presence of bone marrow stromal cells. PD-1/PD-L1 blockade is associated with tumor regression in several malignancies, but single-agent activity is limited in myeloma patients. Combination therapy involving strategies to expand myeloma-specific T cells and T-cell activation via PD-1/PD-L1 blockade are currently being explored...
January 19, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151713/immune-therapies-in-multiple-myeloma
#13
REVIEW
Shaji K Kumar, Kenneth C Anderson
Treatment paradigms have changed rapidly for multiple myeloma, and immune therapies have taken center stage. Advances in therapies for myeloma have led to a dramatic improvement in the survival of patients with this incurable malignancy. The immune system is significantly impaired in patients with myeloma as a result of the disease leading to suppression of normal plasma cells as well the negative effects on cellular immunity. Given this scenario, immune approaches have not been successful until recently. Monoclonal antibodies directed against CD38 (daratumumab) and SLAMF7 (elotuzumab) are already in the clinic, and several other antibodies directed against different plasma cell antigens are under evaluation...
November 15, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259300/immunotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-multiple-myeloma
#14
REVIEW
Sung-Hoon Jung, Hyun-Ju Lee, Manh-Cuong Vo, Hyeoung-Joon Kim, Je-Jung Lee
Immunotherapy has recently emerged as a promising treatment for multiple myeloma (MM). There are now several monoclonal antibodies that target specific surface antigens on myeloma cells or the checkpoints of immune and myeloma cells. Elotuzumab (targeting SLAMF7), daratumumab (targeting CD38), and pembrolizumab (targeting PD-1) have shown clinical activity in clinical studies with relapsed/refractory MM. Dendritic cell vaccination is a safe strategy that has shown some efficacy in a subset of myeloma patients and may become a crucial part of MM treatment when combined with immunomodulatory drugs or immune check-point blockade...
March 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26035255/elotuzumab-therapy-for-relapsed-or-refractory-multiple-myeloma
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sagar Lonial, Meletios Dimopoulos, Antonio Palumbo, Darrell White, Sebastian Grosicki, Ivan Spicka, Adam Walter-Croneck, Philippe Moreau, Maria-Victoria Mateos, Hila Magen, Andrew Belch, Donna Reece, Meral Beksac, Andrew Spencer, Heather Oakervee, Robert Z Orlowski, Masafumi Taniwaki, Christoph Röllig, Hermann Einsele, Ka Lung Wu, Anil Singhal, Jesus San-Miguel, Morio Matsumoto, Jessica Katz, Eric Bleickardt, Valerie Poulart, Kenneth C Anderson, Paul Richardson
BACKGROUND: Elotuzumab, an immunostimulatory monoclonal antibody targeting signaling lymphocytic activation molecule F7 (SLAMF7), showed activity in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone in a phase 1b-2 study in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. METHODS: In this phase 3 study, we randomly assigned patients to receive either elotuzumab plus lenalidomide and dexamethasone (elotuzumab group) or lenalidomide and dexamethasone alone (control group)...
August 13, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768093/the-role-of-maintenance-therapy-in-multiple-myeloma
#16
REVIEW
B Lipe, R Vukas, J Mikhael
Multiple myeloma is the second most common type of blood cancer and remains incurable despite advances in therapy. Current therapy for multiple myeloma includes a phased-approach, often consisting of initial induction therapy, consolidation and maintenance therapy. With an ever-growing landscape of treatment options, the approach to optimal therapy has become increasingly complex. Specifically, controversy surrounds the optimal use and duration of maintenance therapy. We conducted a comprehensive literature search to analyze the most current literature and to provide recommendations for maintenance therapy in multiple myeloma...
October 21, 2016: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478200/treatment-of-relapsed-and-refractory-multiple-myeloma
#17
Pieter Sonneveld, Annemiek Broijl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557302/daratumumab-bortezomib-and-dexamethasone-for-multiple-myeloma
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Antonio Palumbo, Asher Chanan-Khan, Katja Weisel, Ajay K Nooka, Tamas Masszi, Meral Beksac, Ivan Spicka, Vania Hungria, Markus Munder, Maria V Mateos, Tomer M Mark, Ming Qi, Jordan Schecter, Himal Amin, Xiang Qin, William Deraedt, Tahamtan Ahmadi, Andrew Spencer, Pieter Sonneveld
BACKGROUND: Daratumumab, a human IgGκ monoclonal antibody that targets CD38, induces direct and indirect antimyeloma activity and has shown substantial efficacy as monotherapy in heavily pretreated patients with multiple myeloma, as well as in combination with bortezomib in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. METHODS: In this phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned 498 patients with relapsed or relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma to receive bortezomib (1...
August 25, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527838/myeloma-today-disease-definitions-and-treatment-advances
#19
Vincent Rajkumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531679/phase-1-2-study-of-daratumumab-lenalidomide-and-dexamethasone-for-relapsed-multiple-myeloma
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Torben Plesner, Hendrik-Tobias Arkenau, Peter Gimsing, Jakub Krejcik, Charlotte Lemech, Monique C Minnema, Ulrik Lassen, Jacob P Laubach, Antonio Palumbo, Steen Lisby, Linda Basse, Jianping Wang, A Kate Sasser, Mary E Guckert, Carla de Boer, Nushmia Z Khokhar, Howard Yeh, Pamela L Clemens, Tahamtan Ahmadi, Henk M Lokhorst, Paul G Richardson
Daratumumab, a human CD38 immunoglobulin G1 kappa (IgG1κ) monoclonal antibody, has activity as monotherapy in multiple myeloma (MM). This phase 1/2 study investigated daratumumab plus lenalidomide/dexamethasone in refractory and relapsed/refractory MM. Part 1 (dose escalation) evaluated 4 daratumumab doses plus lenalidomide (25 mg/day orally on days 1-21 of each cycle) and dexamethasone (40 mg/week). Part 2 (dose expansion) evaluated daratumumab at the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) plus lenalidomide/dexamethasone...
October 6, 2016: Blood
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