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TIVA

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31 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11207468/recovery-profile-and-side-effects-of-remifentanil-based-anaesthesia-with-desflurane-or-propofol-for-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#1
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
U Grundmann, M Silomon, F Bach, S Becker, M Bauer, B Larsen, S Kleinschmidt
BACKGROUND: Nitrous oxide (N2O) has been suggested to contribute to bowel distension, resulting in worsened operating conditions for laparoscopic surgery, and to increase incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Therefore, our objective was to assess the feasibility of two remifentanil-based anaesthetic regimens free from N2O with special regard to recovery profile, postoperative analgesic demand and side effects in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Fifty patients (ASA I-II, 23-65 yr) were randomly assigned to receive remifentanil-based anaesthesia in conjunction with propofol (group R/P) or desflurane (group R/D)...
March 2001: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/14633540/the-effect-of-cerebral-monitoring-on-recovery-after-general-anesthesia-a-comparison-of-the-auditory-evoked-potential-and-bispectral-index-devices-with-standard-clinical-practice
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alejandro Recart, Irina Gasanova, Paul F White, Tojo Thomas, Babatunde Ogunnaike, Mohammed Hamza, Agnes Wang
UNLABELLED: The use of cerebral monitoring may improve the ability of anesthesiologists to titrate anesthetic drugs. However, there is controversy regarding the impact of the alleged anesthetic-sparing effects of cerebral monitoring on the recovery process and patient outcome. We designed this prospective double-blinded, sham-controlled study to evaluate the impact of intraoperative monitoring with the electroencephalogram bispectral index (BIS) or auditory evoked potential (AEP) device on the usage of desflurane and the time to discharge from the recovery room, as well as on patient satisfaction with their anesthetic experience and recovery...
December 2003: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24610623/impact-of-perioperative-lidocaine-infusion-and-bis-monitorization-on-remifentanil-dosage-in-hypotensive-anesthesia
#3
S Uzun, Y Yuce, A Erden, U Aypar
BACKGROUND: Combination of local and regional anesthetic agents are widely used in emergency and surgical setting and the interaction between the medications used in general anesthesia and these local and/or regional anesthetic becomes a growing concern in current patient management system. The interaction between general anesthetic agents and the local anesthetic agents given epidurally, spinally, intravenously or intramuscularly and the effects of BIS monitorisation on combined propofol-remifentanil anesthesia are examined in several studies...
2014: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10866898/recovery-after-anesthesia-with-remifentanil-combined-with-propofol-desflurane-or-sevoflurane-for-otorhinolaryngeal-surgery
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
T Loop, H J Priebe
UNLABELLED: Because no previous investigation has directly compared the combination of remifentanil (REM) and a hypnotic with that of REM and the newer volatile anesthetics, we studied recovery characteristics and patient satisfaction after the combination of REM with propofol (PRO), desflurane (DES), or sevoflurane (SEVO). One hundred twenty patients were randomly assigned to receive anesthesia with either REM/PRO, REM/DES, REM/SEVO, or thiopental/alfentanil/isoflurane/N(2)O (control group) for ear, nose, and throat surgery (n = 30 each)...
July 2000: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623471/the-effect-of-intravenous-lidocaine-infusion-on-bispectral-index-during-major-abdominal-surgery
#5
Patrick Bazin, James Padley, Matthew Ho, Jennifer Stevens, Erez Ben-Menachem
Intraoperative lidocaine infusion has become widely accepted as an adjunct to general anesthesia where its use has been associated with opioid-sparing and enhanced recovery. The aims of this study were to determine whether or not intravenous (IV) lidocaine infusion (a) has an anesthetic sparing effect during major colorectal procedures and (b) if it also affects level of hypnosis as measured by bispectral index (BIS). Twenty-five patients undergoing laparotomy for resection of colorectal tumours were randomized to receive either IV lidocaine (1...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672136/comparison-of-changes-in-respiratory-dynamics-immediately-after-the-start-of-propofol-sedation-with-or-without-midazolam
#6
Ayano Hagiwara, Nobuyuki Matsuura, Tatsuya Ichinohe
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare changes in respiratory dynamics starting immediately after administration of propofol alone or a combination of propofol and midazolam. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven healthy adult volunteers participated in a randomized crossover study of undergoing sedation with propofol alone (P group) or with a combination of propofol and midazolam (PM group). In the P group, continuous infusion of propofol through a target-controlled infusion (TCI) pump was started with the target effect site (ES) concentration set at 1...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882741/tracheal-extubation-with-suction-vs-positive-pressure-during-emergence-from-general-anaesthesia-in-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Joël L'Hermite, Olivier Wira, Chritel Castelli, Jean-Emmanuel de La Coussaye, Jacques Ripart, Philippe Cuvillon
BACKGROUND: After general anaesthesia (GA) in adults, the optimal tracheal extubation technique (positive pressure or suctioning) remains debated. The primary endpoint of this study was to assess the effects of these techniques on onset time of desaturation (SpO2 < 92%). METHODS: Sixty-nine patients with a body mass index < 30 scheduled for elective orthopaedic surgery were allocated to positive pressure (PP) or suctioning (SUC) group. GA was standardised with propofol and remifentanil via target-controlled infusion...
September 4, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872658/evidence-of-hysteresis-in-propofol-pharmacodynamics
#8
P O Sepúlveda, E Carrasco, L F Tapia, M Ramos, F Cruz, P Conget, Q F B Olivares, I Cortínez
It is commonly assumed that loss of responsiveness and recovery of responsiveness occur at similar concentrations of propofol. However, the 'conscious' and 'anaesthetised' conditions produced by general anaesthetics may behave as two bistable states. We hypothesised that loss of responsiveness and recovery of responsiveness occur at different propofol concentrations. Propofol was administered to 19 healthy volunteers by effect-site target-controlled infusion using increasing and decreasing stable concentration steps of 7 min...
September 5, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797751/outcomes-of-cancer-surgery-after-inhalational-and-intravenous-anesthesia-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Sinor Soltanizadeh, Thea H Degett, Ismail Gögenur
Perioperative factors are probably essential for different oncological outcomes. This systematic review investigates the literature concerning overall mortality and postoperative complications after cancer surgery with inhalational (INHA) and intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). A search was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines, including studies with patients undergoing surgery for cancer and where TIVA was compared with INHA. Two investigators identified relevant papers in the databases: PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26649908/epidural-blockade-affects-the-pharmacokinetics-of-propofol-in-surgical-patients
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Elske Sitsen, Erik Olofsen, Agnes Lesman, Albert Dahan, Jaap Vuyk
BACKGROUND: Neuraxial blockade reduces the dose requirements of sedative agents. It is unclear whether neuraxial blockade affects the pharmacokinetics and/or the pharmacodynamics of IV hypnotics. We therefore studied the influence of epidural blockade on the pharmacokinetics of propofol in patients scheduled for general surgery. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were randomly divided into 4 groups, in a double-blind manner, to receive 0, 50, 100, or 150 mg epidural ropivacaine...
May 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26423449/the-effects-of-anesthesia-on-the-morphoproteomic-expression-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-pilot-study
#11
Jay K Ferrell, Davide Cattano, Robert E Brown, Chirag B Patel, Ron J Karni
The prognosis and disease-free survival rates for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) have remained relatively stagnant for the last several decades. Moreover, as is the case with other malignancies, locoregional recurrence and distant metastasis are all too common even after seemingly successful oncologic surgery and adjuvant therapy. Recently, increased focus has been placed on understanding the influence of perioperative factors on tumor cell behavior and surgical outcomes. More specifically, emerging research suggests that anesthetic agents may play a role in cancer recurrence by interacting with prosurvival protein signaling pathways which harden tumor cells against oncologic treatments...
December 2015: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26460755/faster-extubation-time-with-more-stable-hemodynamics-during-extubation-and-shorter-total-surgical-suite-time-after-propofol-based-total-intravenous-anesthesia-compared-with-desflurane-anesthesia-in-lengthy-lumbar-spine-surgery
#12
Chueng-He Lu, Zhi-Fu Wu, Bo-Feng Lin, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Chin Lin, Yuan-Shiou Huang, Yi-Hsuan Huang
OBJECT Anesthesia techniques can contribute to the reduction of anesthesia-controlled time and may therefore improve operating room efficiency. However, little is known about the difference in anesthesia-controlled time between propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and desflurane (DES) anesthesia techniques for prolonged lumbar spine surgery under general anesthesia. METHODS A retrospective analysis was conducted using hospital databases to compare the anesthesia-controlled time of lengthy (surgical time > 180 minutes) lumbar spine surgery in patients receiving either TIVA via target-controlled infusion (TCI) with propofol/fentanyl or DES/fentanyl-based anesthesia, between January 2009 and December 2011...
October 13, 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26556730/long-term-survival-for-patients-undergoing-volatile-versus-iv-anesthesia-for-cancer-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Timothy J Wigmore, Kabir Mohammed, Shaman Jhanji
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection remains the best option for long-term survival in many solid tumors. Surgery can, however, lead to tumor cell release into the circulation. Data have suggested differential effects of anesthetic agents on cancer cell growth. This retrospective analysis investigated the association of anesthetic technique with long-term survival in patients presenting for elective surgery in a comprehensive cancer center over 3 yr. METHODS: All patients undergoing elective surgery between June 2010 and May 2013 were included...
January 2016: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26658268/effect-of-total-intravenous-anaesthesia-and-prophylactic-ramosetron-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-thyroidectomy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Han Bum Joe, Sook Young Lee, Jin-Soo Kim, Hyuk Soo Chang, Yunyong Jeong, Haewon Jeong, Sung Yong Park
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of combined prophylactic ramosetron and total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), compared with sevoflurane anaesthesia without prophylactic antiemetics, in female patients undergoing thyroidectomy. METHODS: Female patients were randomized between the sevoflurane group (anaesthesia maintained with sevoflurane) or TIVA + ramosetron group (TIVAR; 0.3 mg ramosetron just before anaesthesia induction, remifentanil and propofol anaesthesia)...
February 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26849439/differences-between-total-intravenous-anesthesia-and-inhalation-anesthesia-in-free-flap-surgery-of-head-and-neck-cancer
#15
Yi-Ting Chang, Chih-Chen Wu, Tsung-Yung Tang, Chun-Te Lu, Chih-Sheng Lai, Ching-Hui Shen
BACKGROUND: Many studies have evaluated risk factors associated with complications after free flap surgery, but these studies did not evaluate the impact of anesthesia management. The goal of the current study was to evaluate the differences between patients who received inhalation and total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) in free flap surgery. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-six patients who underwent free flap surgery for head and neck cancer were retrospectively divided into the TIVA (96 patients) and the inhalation group (87 patients)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26901037/effects-of-intra-operative-total-intravenous-anaesthesia-with-propofol-versus-inhalational-anaesthesia-with-sevoflurane-on-post-operative-pain-in-liver-surgery-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Alfred Chor San Chan, Qiu Qiu, Siu Wai Choi, Stanley Sau Ching Wong, Albert Chi Yan Chan, Michael G Irwin, Chi Wai Cheung
BACKGROUND: Patients receiving total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with propofol have been shown to experience less postoperative pain. We evaluated the post-operative analgesic effects of propofol compared with sevoflurane maintenance of anesthesia in liver surgery. This study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02179437). METHODS: In this retrospective study, records of patients who underwent liver surgery between 2010 and 2013 were reviewed. Ninety-five patients anesthetized with propofol TIVA were matched with 95 patients anesthetized with sevoflurane...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066202/effects-of-propofol-based-total-intravenous-anesthesia-on-recurrence-and-overall-survival-in-patients-after-modified-radical-mastectomy-a-retrospective-study
#17
Ji Heui Lee, Seok Hee Kang, Yunkwang Kim, Hyun Ah Kim, Bong Seog Kim
BACKGROUND: The optimal combination of anesthetic agent and technique may have an influence on long-term outcomes in cancer surgery. In vitro and in vivo studies suggest that propofol independently reduces migration of cancer cells and metastasis. Thus, the authors retrospectively examined the link between propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and recurrence or overall survival in patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy (MRM). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the electronic database of all patients undergoing MRM for breast cancer between January 2007 and December 2008 was undertaken...
April 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146802/remifentanil-and-propofol-undergo-separation-and-layering-when-mixed-in-the-same-syringe-for-total-intravenous-anesthesia
#18
Sean O'Connor, Yan Ling Zhang, Uwe Christians, John E Morrison, Robert H Friesen
BACKGROUND: Propofol and remifentanil can be combined to deliver total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). Propofol and remifentanil are sometimes mixed in the same syringe. Since remifentanil is a solution and propofol is an emulsion, we hypothesized that they would separate over time when mixed in the same syringe. METHODS: Nine 60-ml polypropylene syringes were prepared as follows: Group A: 1.25 ml of remifentanil solution (1 mg·ml(-1) ) was added to 48.75 ml of propofol (10 mg·ml(-1) ) in three syringes...
July 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454663/total-intravenous-anaesthesia-versus-single-drug-pharmacological-antiemetic-prophylaxis-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Maximilian S Schaefer, Peter Kranke, Stephanie Weibel, Robert Kreysing, Peter Kienbaum
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are among the most unfavourable anaesthetic outcomes attributed to the administration of inhaled anaesthetics. Accordingly, inhaled anaesthetics are frequently substituted by propofol when patients are at risk of PONV. As, on some occasions, inhalational anaesthesia may be favourable, the relative impact of propofol anaesthesia needs to be established based on robust data. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of a single-drug pharmacological prophylaxis with total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) for prevention of PONV...
October 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547757/comparison-of-tiva-and-desflurane-added-to-a-subanaesthetic-dose-of-propofol-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-evaluation-of-haemodynamic-and-stress-hormone-changes
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Didem Onk, Tülin Akarsu Ayazoğlu, Oruç Alper Onk, Mehmet Aksüt, Murat Günay, Kultigin Turkmen, Aynur Özensoy, Çiğdem Yazıcı Ersoy, Abdulkadir Çoban
Introduction. Increased levels of stress hormones are associated with mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Aim. To compare total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) and desflurane added to a subanaesthetic dose of propofol. Material and Methods. Fifty patients were enrolled in this study. Fentanyl (3-5 mcg/kg/h) was started in both groups. Patients were divided into two groups. The PD group (n = 25) received 1 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) desflurane anaesthesia in addition to propofol infusion (2-3 mg/kg/h), while P group (n = 25) received propofol infusion (5-6 mg/kg/h) only...
2016: BioMed Research International
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