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Neurology or Pain

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11 papers 0 to 25 followers
By T C
V Bril, J England, G M Franklin, M Backonja, J Cohen, D Del Toro, E Feldman, D J Iverson, B Perkins, J W Russell, D Zochodne
OBJECTIVE: To develop a scientifically sound and clinically relevant evidence-based guideline for the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN). METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature from 1960 to August 2008 and classified the studies according to the American Academy of Neurology classification of evidence scheme for a therapeutic article, and recommendations were linked to the strength of the evidence. The basic question asked was: "What is the efficacy of a given treatment (pharmacologic: anticonvulsants, antidepressants, opioids, others; and nonpharmacologic: electrical stimulation, magnetic field treatment, low-intensity laser treatment, Reiki massage, others) to reduce pain and improve physical function and quality of life (QOL) in patients with PDN?" RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: Pregabalin is established as effective and should be offered for relief of PDN (Level A)...
May 17, 2011: Neurology
Massimo Allegri, Silvana Montella, Fabiana Salici, Adriana Valente, Maurizio Marchesini, Christian Compagnone, Marco Baciarello, Maria Elena Manferdini, Guido Fanelli
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a chronic pain syndrome in the lower back region, lasting for at least 3 months. CLBP represents the second leading cause of disability worldwide being a major welfare and economic problem. The prevalence of CLBP in adults has increased more than 100% in the last decade and continues to increase dramatically in the aging population, affecting both men and women in all ethnic groups, with a significant impact on functional capacity and occupational activities. It can also be influenced by psychological factors, such as stress, depression and/or anxiety...
2016: F1000Research
Marta Imamura, Satiko Tomikawa Imamura, Rosa Alves Targino, León Morales-Quezada, Luis C Onoda Tomikawa, Luis G Onoda Tomikawa, Fabio M Alfieri, Thais R Filippo, Ivan D da Rocha, Raul Bolliger Neto, Felipe Fregni, Linamara Rizzo Battistella
UNLABELLED: In this large, sham-controlled, randomized trial, we examined the efficacy of the combination of standard treatment and paraspinous lidocaine injection compared with standard therapy alone in subjects with chronic low back pain. There is little research-based evidence for the routine clinical use of paraspinous lidocaine injection for low back pain. A total of 378 subjects with nonspecific chronic low back pain were randomized to 3 groups: paraspinous lidocaine injection, analgesics, and exercises (group 1, LID-INJ); sham paraspinous lidocaine injection, analgesics, and exercises (group 2, SH-INJ); and analgesics and exercises (group 3, STD-TTR)...
May 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Guimei Jiang, Chao Jia, Mode Lin
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of bloodletting therapy and acupuncture at Jiaji points for treating upper back myofascial pain syndrome (MPS), and compare this with lidocaine block therapy. METHODS: A total of 66 upper back MPS patients were randomly assigned to either the treatment group or the control group in a 1: 1 ratio. The treatment group (n = 33) were treated with bloodletting therapy at local myofascial trigger points and acupuncture at Jiaji (EX-B 2) points; one treatment course consisted of five, single 20-min-treatments with a 2-day break between each treatment...
February 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
Vikram B Patel, Ronald Wasserman, Farnad Imani
CONTEXT: Lower back pain is considered to be one of the most common complaints that brings a patient to a pain specialist. Several modalities in interventional pain management are known to be helpful to a patient with chronic low back pain. Proper diagnosis is required for appropriate intervention to provide optimal benefits. From simple trigger point injections for muscular pain to a highly complex intervention such as a spinal cord stimulator are very effective if chosen properly. The aim of this article is to provide the reader with a comprehensive reading for treatment of lower back pain using interventional modalities...
August 2015: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Rebecca Gordon, Saul Bloxham
Back pain is a major health issue in Western countries and 60%-80% of adults are likely to experience low back pain. This paper explores the impact of back pain on society and the role of physical activity for treatment of non-specific low back pain. A review of the literature was carried out using the databases SPORTDiscuss, Medline and Google Scholar. A general exercise programme that combines muscular strength, flexibility and aerobic fitness is beneficial for rehabilitation of non-specific chronic low back pain...
April 25, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Marc A Schuckit
This article provides an overview of the current treatment of opioid-related conditions, including treatments provided by general practitioners and by specialists in substance-use disorders. The recent dramatic increase in misuse of prescription analgesics, the easy accessibility of opioids such as..
July 28, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Christopher E Ramsden, Keturah R Faurot, Daisy Zamora, Chirayath M Suchindran, Beth A Macintosh, Susan Gaylord, Amit Ringel, Joseph R Hibbeln, Ariel E Feldstein, Trevor A Mori, Anne Barden, Chanee Lynch, Rebecca Coble, Emilie Mas, Olafur Palsson, David A Barrow, J Douglas Mann
Omega-3 and n-6 fatty acids are biosynthetic precursors to lipid mediators with antinociceptive and pronociceptive properties. We conducted a randomized, single-blinded, parallel-group clinical trial to assess clinical and biochemical effects of targeted alteration in dietary n-3 and n-6 fatty acids for treatment of chronic headaches. After a 4-week preintervention phase, ambulatory patients with chronic daily headache undergoing usual care were randomized to 1 of 2 intensive, food-based 12-week dietary interventions: a high n-3 plus low n-6 (H3-L6) intervention, or a low n-6 (L6) intervention...
November 2013: Pain
Catherine Buettner, Rony-Reuven Nir, Suzanne M Bertisch, Carolyn Bernstein, Aaron Schain, Murray A Mittleman, Rami Burstein
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to assess efficacy and tolerability of simvastatin plus vitamin D for migraine prevention in adults with episodic migraine. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with a 12-week baseline period and 24-week intervention period in 57 adults with episodic migraine. Participants were randomly assigned to simvastatin 20 mg tablets twice-daily plus vitamin D3 1,000 international units capsules twice-daily or matching placebo tablets and capsules...
December 2015: Annals of Neurology
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2016: Neurology
Alex J Sinclair, Aaron Sturrock, Brendan Davies, Manjit Matharu
Headache is one of the most common conditions presenting to the neurology clinic, yet a significant proportion of these patients are unsatisfied by their clinic experience. Headache can be extremely disabling; effective treatment is not only essential for patients but is rewarding for the physician. In this first of two parts review of headache, we provide an overview of headache management, emerging therapeutic strategies and an accessible interpretation of clinical guidelines to assist the busy neurologist...
December 2015: Practical Neurology
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