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Brett A Miles, David Goldenberg
BACKGROUND: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a cutaneous neuroendocrine malignancy that exhibits clinically aggressive features and is associated with a poor prognosis. The incidence of MCC seems to be increasing for reasons unknown, and is estimated to be 0.32/100,000 in the United States. METHODS: This article will review the current literature and National Comprehensive Cancer Network practice guidelines in the treatment of MCC. RESULTS: Resection of MCC with negative margins remains the mainstay of therapy...
May 2016: Head & Neck
Bryan R Haugen, Erik K Alexander, Keith C Bible, Gerard M Doherty, Susan J Mandel, Yuri E Nikiforov, Furio Pacini, Gregory W Randolph, Anna M Sawka, Martin Schlumberger, Kathryn G Schuff, Steven I Sherman, Julie Ann Sosa, David L Steward, R Michael Tuttle, Leonard Wartofsky
BACKGROUND: Thyroid nodules are a common clinical problem, and differentiated thyroid cancer is becoming increasingly prevalent. Since the American Thyroid Association's (ATA's) guidelines for the management of these disorders were revised in 2009, significant scientific advances have occurred in the field. The aim of these guidelines is to inform clinicians, patients, researchers, and health policy makers on published evidence relating to the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer...
January 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Richard M Rosenfeld, Jay F Piccirillo, Sujana S Chandrasekhar, Itzhak Brook, Kaparaboyna Ashok Kumar, Maggie Kramper, Richard R Orlandi, James N Palmer, Zara M Patel, Anju Peters, Sandra A Walsh, Maureen D Corrigan
OBJECTIVE: This update of a 2007 guideline from the American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery Foundation provides evidence-based recommendations to manage adult rhinosinusitis, defined as symptomatic inflammation of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer added to the update group, evidence from 42 new systematic reviews, enhanced information on patient education and counseling, a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships, expanded opportunities for watchful waiting (without antibiotic therapy) as initial therapy of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS), and 3 new recommendations for managing chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)...
April 2015: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Marc C Thorne, Susan L Garetz
Laryngomalacia is the most common cause of stridor in neonates and infants. Associated feeding difficulties are present in approximately half of the children. A definitive diagnosis can generally be made with flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy. The disorder is most often self-limited with resolution of symptoms within the first 24 months of life, and the majority of children can thus be managed conservatively. The approximately 5%-20% of children with severe or refractory disease may require more aggressive intervention, most commonly in the form of trans-oral supraglottoplasty [1,2]...
January 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
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