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16 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638987/leukodystrophies-a-proposed-classification-system-based-on-pathological-changes-and-pathogenetic-mechanisms
#1
REVIEW
Marjo S van der Knaap, Marianna Bugiani
Leukodystrophies are genetically determined disorders characterized by the selective involvement of the central nervous system white matter. Onset may be at any age, from prenatal life to senescence. Many leukodystrophies are degenerative in nature, but some only impair white matter function. The clinical course is mostly progressive, but may also be static or even improving with time. Progressive leukodystrophies are often fatal, and no curative treatment is known. The last decade has witnessed a tremendous increase in the number of defined leukodystrophies also owing to a diagnostic approach combining magnetic resonance imaging pattern recognition and next generation sequencing...
June 21, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884751/tuberculous-meningitis
#2
REVIEW
Robert J Wilkinson, Ursula Rohlwink, Usha Kant Misra, Reinout van Crevel, Nguyen Thi Hoang Mai, Kelly E Dooley, Maxine Caws, Anthony Figaji, Rada Savic, Regan Solomons, Guy E Thwaites
Tuberculosis remains a global health problem, with an estimated 10.4 million cases and 1.8 million deaths resulting from the disease in 2015. The most lethal and disabling form of tuberculosis is tuberculous meningitis (TBM), for which more than 100,000 new cases are estimated to occur per year. In patients who are co-infected with HIV-1, TBM has a mortality approaching 50%. Study of TBM pathogenesis is hampered by a lack of experimental models that recapitulate all the features of the human disease. Diagnosis of TBM is often delayed by the insensitive and lengthy culture technique required for disease confirmation...
September 8, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861905/treatable-inherited-rare-movement-disorders
#3
REVIEW
H A Jinnah, Alberto Albanese, Kailash P Bhatia, Francisco Cardoso, Gustavo Da Prat, Tom J de Koning, Alberto J Espay, Victor Fung, Pedro J Garcia-Ruiz, Oscar Gershanik, Joseph Jankovic, Ryuji Kaji, Katya Kotschet, Connie Marras, Janis M Miyasaki, Francesca Morgante, Alexander Munchau, Pramod Kumar Pal, Maria C Rodriguez Oroz, Mayela Rodríguez-Violante, Ludger Schöls, Maria Stamelou, Marina Tijssen, Claudia Uribe Roca, Andres de la Cerda, Emilia M Gatto
There are many rare movement disorders, and new ones are described every year. Because they are not well recognized, they often go undiagnosed for long periods of time. However, early diagnosis is becoming increasingly important. Rapid advances in our understanding of the biological mechanisms responsible for many rare disorders have enabled the development of specific treatments for some of them. Well-known historical examples include Wilson disease and dopa-responsive dystonia, for which specific and highly effective treatments have life-altering effects...
September 1, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840314/what-proportion-of-aqp4-igg-negative-nmo-spectrum-disorder-patients-are-mog-igg-positive-a-cross-sectional-study-of-132-patients
#4
Shahd H M Hamid, Daniel Whittam, Kerry Mutch, Samantha Linaker, Tom Solomon, Kumar Das, Maneesh Bhojak, Anu Jacob
Antibodies to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG-IgG) have been described in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) without aquaporin-4 antibodies (AQP4-IgG). We aimed to identify the proportion of AQP4-IgG-negative NMOSD patients who are seropositive for MOG-IgG. In a cross sectional study, we reviewed all patients seen in the National NMO clinic over the last 4 years (after the availability of MOG-IgG testing), including clinical information, MRI, and antibody tests. 261 unique patients were identified...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049738/when-the-heart-rules-the-head-ischaemic-stroke-and-intracerebral-haemorrhage-complicating-infective-endocarditis
#5
REVIEW
Estabrak Jiad, Sumanjit K Gill, Maria Krutikov, David Turner, Michael H Parkinson, Carmel Curtis, David J Werring
Sir William Osler meticulously described the clinical manifestations of infective endocarditis in 1885, concluding that: 'few diseases present greater difficulties in the way of diagnosis … which in many cases are practically insurmountable'. Even with modern investigation techniques, diagnosing infective endocarditis can be hugely challenging, yet is critically important in patients presenting with stroke (both cerebral infarction and intracranial haemorrhage), its commonest neurological complication. In ischaemic stroke, intravenous thrombolysis carries an unacceptably high risk of intracranial haemorrhage, while in intracerebral haemorrhage, mycotic aneurysms require urgent treatment to avoid rebleeding, and in all cases, prompt treatment with antibiotics and valve surgery may be life-saving...
January 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27240808/movement-disorders-following-cerebrovascular-lesion-in-the-basal-ganglia-circuit
#6
REVIEW
Jinse Park
Movement disorders are primarily associated with the basal ganglia and the thalamus; therefore, movement disorders are more frequently manifest after stroke compared with neurological injuries associated with other structures of the brain. Overall clinical features, such as types of movement disorder, the time of onset and prognosis, are similar with movement disorders after stroke in other structures. Dystonia and chorea are commonly occurring post-stroke movement disorders in basal ganglia circuit, and these disorders rarely present with tremor...
May 2016: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852691/medical-management-of-intracerebral-haemorrhage
#7
REVIEW
Floris H B M Schreuder, Shoichiro Sato, Catharina J M Klijn, Craig S Anderson
The global burden of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is enormous. Developing evidence-based management strategies for ICH has been hampered by its diverse aetiology, high case fatality and variable cooperative organisation of medical and surgical care. Progress is being made through the conduct of collaborative multicentre studies with the large sample sizes necessary to evaluate therapies with realistically modest treatment effects. This narrative review describes the major consequences of ICH and provides evidence-based recommendations to support decision-making in medical management...
January 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672171/clinical-reasoning-an-87-year-old-man-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-acute-encephalopathy
#8
Kristyn Spera, Daniel Rubin, Tina Gupta, Tadeu Fantaneanu, Galen V Henderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672172/clinical-reasoning-a-52-year-old-man-with-diplopia-and-ataxia
#9
Michael J Bradshaw, Siddharama Pawate, Karen C Bloch, Paul Moots, Nishitha M Reddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495206/diagnosis-and-management-of-dystonia
#10
Vicki Shanker, Susan B Bressman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article highlights the clinical and diagnostic tools used to assess and classify dystonia and provides an overview of the treatment approach. RECENT FINDINGS: In the past 4 years, the definition and classification of dystonia have been revised, and new genes have been identified in patients with isolated hereditary dystonia (DYT23, DYT24, and DYT25). Expanded phenotypes were reported in patients with combined dystonia, such as those with mutations in ATP1A3...
August 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408698/mechanisms-of-low-back-pain-a-guide-for-diagnosis-and-therapy
#11
REVIEW
Massimo Allegri, Silvana Montella, Fabiana Salici, Adriana Valente, Maurizio Marchesini, Christian Compagnone, Marco Baciarello, Maria Elena Manferdini, Guido Fanelli
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a chronic pain syndrome in the lower back region, lasting for at least 3 months. CLBP represents the second leading cause of disability worldwide being a major welfare and economic problem. The prevalence of CLBP in adults has increased more than 100% in the last decade and continues to increase dramatically in the aging population, affecting both men and women in all ethnic groups, with a significant impact on functional capacity and occupational activities. It can also be influenced by psychological factors, such as stress, depression and/or anxiety...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323265/the-abc-stroke-risk-score-was-superior-to-the-cha2ds2-vasc-score-for-predicting-stroke-in-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Graeme J Hankey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037852/two-drugs-are-better-than-one-%C3%A2-for-a-while-duration-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-following-stroke-or-transient-ischaemic-attack
#13
EDITORIAL
J P Klaas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26896435/embolic-stroke-atrial-fibrillation-and-microbleeds-is-there-a-role-for-anticoagulation
#14
Hans-Christoph Diener, Magdy H Selim, Carlos A Molina, Steven M Greenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890473/endarterectomy-stenting-or-neither-for-asymptomatic-carotid-artery-stenosis
#15
EDITORIAL
J David Spence, A Ross Naylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26888997/antibiotic-associated-encephalopathy
#16
REVIEW
Shamik Bhattacharyya, R Ryan Darby, Pooja Raibagkar, L Nicolas Gonzalez Castro, Aaron L Berkowitz
Delirium is a common and costly complication of hospitalization. Although medications are a known cause of delirium, antibiotics are an underrecognized class of medications associated with delirium. In this article, we comprehensively review the clinical, radiologic, and electrophysiologic features of antibiotic-associated encephalopathy (AAE). AAE can be divided into 3 unique clinical phenotypes: encephalopathy commonly accompanied by seizures or myoclonus arising within days after antibiotic administration (caused by cephalosporins and penicillin); encephalopathy characterized by psychosis arising within days of antibiotic administration (caused by quinolones, macrolides, and procaine penicillin); and encephalopathy accompanied by cerebellar signs and MRI abnormalities emerging weeks after initiation of antibiotics (caused by metronidazole)...
March 8, 2016: Neurology
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