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By Clare Dix Dietitian, PhD candidate, researching vitamin D and obesity
Sanjiv Agarwal, Victor L Fulgoni, Harris R Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is a significant component of the diet with dose-dependent risks and benefits. High doses of alcohol damage the liver and early symptoms of liver disease include changes in routinely assessed liver enzymes. Less is known regarding the mechanisms responsible for the benefits of moderate alcohol consumption, including their effects on the liver. The objectives of this study were to examine alcohol's dose-dependent effects on markers of liver function (alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), and bilirubin), as well as to compare the different methods of assessing alcohol intake using NHANES 2001-2010 adult data (N = 24,807)...
2016: Nutrition Journal
Maurizio Muscaritoli, Maria Ida Amabile, Alessio Molfino
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cancer represents one of the most feared diseases. Despite an increasing number of available scientific data, most people remain unaware of those basic dietary and healthy lifestyle measures, which might reduce their risk to develop cancer. Environmental factors, diet, and lifestyle play a crucial role in the development of several different neoplastic diseases, particularly gastrointestinal cancer. In this article, we aimed at focusing on foods and their components able to increase gastrointestinal cancer risk...
July 6, 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Myriam M-L Grundy, Cathrina H Edwards, Alan R Mackie, Michael J Gidley, Peter J Butterworth, Peter R Ellis
The positive effects of dietary fibre on health are now widely recognised; however, our understanding of the mechanisms involved in producing such benefits remains unclear. There are even uncertainties about how dietary fibre in plant foods should be defined and analysed. This review attempts to clarify the confusion regarding the mechanisms of action of dietary fibre and deals with current knowledge on the wide variety of dietary fibre materials, comprising mainly of NSP that are not digested by enzymes of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract...
September 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Zygmunt Zdrojewicz, Marta Herman, Ewa Starostecka
The aim of this article is to show current knowledge concerning valuable substances biologically active present in hen eggs and underline important nutritive role of hen eggs. Hen egg is a good source of nutrients such as proteins, vitamins (A, B2, B6, B12, D, E, K), minerals and lipids. The significant part of lipids is a group of unsaturated phospholipids, which are components of cell membranes, act protectively on the cardiovascular system and contribute to a decrease of cholesterol level and blood pressure...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
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