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21 papers 0 to 25 followers
Moses Lee, Gregory P Guyton, Talal Zahoor, Lew C Schon
As a standard open approach, the lateral oblique incision has been widely used for calcaneal displacement osteotomy. However, just as with other orthopedic procedures that use an open approach, complications, including wound healing problems and neurovascular injury in the heel, have been reported. To help avoid these limitations, a percutaneous technique using a Shannon burr for calcaneal displacement osteotomy was introduced. However, relying on a free-hand technique without direct visualization at the osteotomy site has been a major obstacle for this technique...
September 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
David Gitlin, Vera Malezhik, Krum G Georgiev
We present an alternative technique for desyndactylization of toes using soft tissue traction with an external fixator. This method allows for tissue expansion for subsequent skin plasty, thereby avoiding the need for a graft or complicated local skin rearrangement. The use of the conventional acute correction technique can create more scarring and might increase the potential for complications, especially if the graft is obtained from a remote site. We believe that this technique provides a satisfactory functional and cosmetic outcome...
September 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Catherine Gooday, Rachel Murchison, Ketan Dhatariya
INTRODUCTION: Podiatrists form an integral part of the multidisciplinary foot team in the treatment of diabetic foot-related complications. A set of unforeseen circumstances within our specialist diabetes foot service in the United Kingdom caused a loss of 50% of our non-operative podiatry team for almost 7 months during 2010. Some of this time was filled by non-specialist community non-operative podiatrists. METHODS: We assessed the economic impact of this loss by examining data for the 5 years prior to this 7-month interruption, and for the 2 years after 'normal service' was resumed...
2013: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
Neal R Barshes, Meena Sigireddi, James S Wrobel, Archana Mahankali, Jeffrey M Robbins, Panos Kougias, David G Armstrong
Most cases of lower extremity limb loss in the United States occur among people with diabetes who have a diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). These DFUs and the associated limb loss that may occur lead to excess healthcare costs and have a large negative impact on mobility, psychosocial well-being, and quality of life. The strategies for DFU prevention and management are evolving, but the implementation of these prevention and management strategies remains challenging. Barriers to implementation include poor access to primary medical care; patient beliefs and lack of adherence to medical advice; delays in DFU recognition; limited healthcare resources and practice heterogeneity of specialists...
October 10, 2013: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
Ali M Lone, Mohd I Zaroo, Bashir A Laway, Nazir A Pala, Sheikh A Bashir, Altaf Rasool
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) versus conventional dressings in the healing of diabetic foot ulcerations (DFUs) in terms of healing rate (time to prepare the wound for closure either spontaneously or by surgery), safety, and patient satisfaction. METHODS: Randomized case-control study enrolling 56 patients, divided into two groups. Group A (patients treated with VAC) and Group B (patients treated with conventional dressings), with an equal number of patients in each group...
2014: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
W Schuyler Jones, Manesh R Patel, David Dai, Sreekanth Vemulapalli, Sumeet Subherwal, Judith Stafford, Eric D Peterson
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the contemporary outcomes of older patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) undergoing major lower extremity (LE) amputation in the United States. We sought to characterize clinical outcomes and factors associated with outcomes after LE amputation in patients with PAD. METHODS: Using data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2008, we examined the national patterns of mortality after major LE amputation among patients 65 years or older with PAD...
May 2013: American Heart Journal
Balachundhar Subramaniam, Frank Pomposelli, Daniel Talmor, Kyung W Park
We performed a retrospective review of a vascular surgery quality assurance database to evaluate the perioperative and long-term morbidity and mortality of above-knee amputations (AKA, n = 234) and below-knee amputations (BKA, n = 720) and to examine the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) (181 of AKA and 606 of BKA patients). All patients in the database who had AKA or BKA from 1990 to May 2001 were included in the study. Perioperative 30-day cardiac morbidity and mortality and 3-yr and 10-yr mortality after AKA or BKA were assessed...
May 2005: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Adam E Fleischer, Bradley P Abicht, Jeffrey R Baker, Troy J Boffeli, Daniel C Jupiter, Valerie L Schade
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for physicians regarding the risk, prevention, and diagnosis of venous thromboembolism disease after foot and ankle surgery and while caring for lower extremity injuries that require ankle immobilization. A panel composed of all authors of this document reviewed the published evidence and, through a series of meetings, reached consensus regarding the viewpoints contained herein. We conclude that routine chemical prophylaxis is not warranted; rather, patients should be stratified and have a prevention plan tailored to their individual risk level...
May 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Carroll P Jones, Jeffrey Loveland, Brent L Atkinson, James T Ryaby, Raymond J Linovitz, James A Nunley
BACKGROUND: Cellular bone allograft (CBA) possesses osteogenic, osteoinductive, and osteoconductive elements essential for bone healing. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and effectiveness of CBA in foot and/or ankle arthrodeses. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, open-label clinical trial using CBA was performed. At 6 weeks and at 3, 6, and 12 months, imaging was performed and the subject's pain, function, and quality of life (QOL) status (Visual Analog Scale, American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society Hindfoot Scale, and the Short Form 36) were recorded...
October 2015: Foot & Ankle International
Jeffrey D Seybold, J Chris Coetzee
Injuries to the foot are common in the athletic population, accounting for approximately 16% of sporting injuries. The bony and ligamentous structures around the first and second tarsometatarsal (TMT) joints, or Lisfranc joint complex, are the most commonly involved in injuries to the midfoot because of the limited static and dynamic stability of this region. The appropriate management of Lisfranc or TMT joint injuries in athletes is controversial, with multiple classification schemes and treatment methods and little evidence-based guidelines to deliver appropriate care...
October 2015: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Matthew S Stewart, Clayton C Bettin, Matthew T Ramsey, Susan N Ishikawa, G Andrew Murphy, David R Richardson, Elizabeth A Tolley
BACKGROUND: Forefoot surgery typically is elective, so it is important to define risk factors to educate patients on potential complications. The purpose of this study was to determine if obesity is an independent risk factor that contributes to increased complication rates after forefoot surgery. METHODS: Through a retrospective review of records, 633 patients were identified who had forefoot surgery at one institution between 2008 and 2010. All patients who currently smoked or smoked in the past were excluded to eliminate a confounding factor, as smoking is known to increase complication rates, leaving 427 patients for inclusion, 299 nonobese (BMI less than 30) and 128 obese (BMI more than 30)...
May 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Jamal Ahmad, Kennis Jones
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate and compare the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of using osteochondral autograft and allograft to manage either recurrent or large osteochondral lesions of the talar dome (OLT) in a single surgeon's practice. METHODS: Between January 2008 and January 2014, a total of 40 patients presented with either a recurrent OLT that failed initial arthroscopic treatment (ie, excision, curettage, debridement, and micro-fracture) or a primary OLT greater than 1...
January 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Mehmet Nuri Erdem, H Yener Erken, Halil Burc, Gursel Saka, Mehmet Fatih Korkmaz, Mehmet Aydogan
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to report the results of selective open reduction and internal fixation of fractures of the posterior malleolus with a posterolateral approach and to compare the results of the 2 techniques. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 40 patients who underwent posterior malleolar fracture fixation between 2008 and 2012. The patients were treated with a posterolateral approach. We assigned alternating patients to receive plate fixation and the next screw fixation, consecutively, based on the order in which they presented to our institution...
October 2014: Foot & Ankle International
Marlena Jbara, Ami Gokli, Sally Beshai, Martin L Lesser, Shirley Hanna, Cheryl Lin, Annie Zeb
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) through its over glycosylation of neurovascular structures and resultant peripheral neuropathy continues to be the major risk factor for pedal amputation. Repetitive trauma to the insensate foot results in diabetic foot ulcers, which are at high risk to develop osteomyelitis. Many patients who present with diabetic foot complications will undergo one or more pedal amputations during the course of their disease. The purpose of this study was to determine if obtaining an initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), prior to the first amputation, is associated with a decreased rate of reamputation in the diabetic foot...
2016: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
Mustafa Serinken, Cenker Eken, Hayri Elicabuk
BACKGROUND: Topical agents have been shown to be effective in soft tissue injuries and commonly used in outpatient clinics. However, the data regarding topical agents in the emergency department is insufficient, and they are not used often in the emergency department setting. The present study aimed to compare the effect of 2.5% topical ketoprofen (gel form) to placebo in patients presenting with ankle sprain to the emergency department. METHODS: Patients presenting with ankle sprain composed the study population...
September 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Bonnie Chien, Kurt Hofmann, Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini, David Zurakowski, Edward K Rodriguez, Paul Appleton, J Kent Ellington, John Y Kwon
BACKGROUND: Determining the stability of ankle fractures, particularly Weber B fibula fractures, can be challenging. Ability to weight-bear after injury may be predictive of stability. We sought to determine whether patients' ability to weight-bear immediately after injury was an effective indicator for ankle stability following fracture. METHODS: A prospective review was conducted of patients sustaining ankle fractures. Patients' ability to weight-bear after injury was elicited and correlated with ankle radiographs, which were deemed stable or unstable based on commonly used indices to assess stability...
September 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Andreas M Hingsammer, David Bauer, Niklas Renner, Paul Borbas, Thomas Boeni, Martin Berli
BACKGROUND: Charcot osteoarthropathy (COA) is characterized by a progressive destruction of bone and joint associated with neuropathy and is most common in the foot and ankle. Clinical manifestation of COA is frequently indistinguishable from other causes of pain, swelling, and erythema of the affected extremity, in particular, infection. Diagnosis of COA can be challenging in particular in early stages where radiographic changes are sparse. The presence of elevated systemic inflammatory parameters in the context of suspected infection may delay early diagnosis and treatment of COA...
September 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Matthew Cotchett, Shannon E Munteanu, Karl B Landorf
BACKGROUND: Depression, anxiety, and stress are prevalent in patients with musculoskeletal pain, but the impact of these emotional states has not been evaluated in people with plantar heel pain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between depression, anxiety, and stress with plantar heel pain. METHODS: Forty-five participants with plantar heel pain were matched by sex and age (┬▒2 years) to 45 participants without plantar heel pain. Levels of depression, anxiety, and stress were measured using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (short version) in participants with and without plantar heel pain...
August 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Berk Guclu, H Cagdas Basat, Tugrul Yildirim, Omer Bozduman, Ali Kemal Us
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the long-term follow-up results of V-Y tendon plasty with fascia turndown, for repairing chronic Achilles tendon ruptures. METHODS: Seventeen patients (12 males, 5 females), who were diagnosed with chronic Achilles tendon rupture and met the inclusion criteria, were included in the study. These patients received treatment by means of V-Y tendon plasty with fascia turndown from January 1995 to December 2001. Clinical outcomes of the patients were assessed by using isokinetic strength testing, questioning the patient regarding residual discomfort, pain, or swelling and having the ability to perform heel rises and using American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society's (AOFAS's) Ankle-Hind Foot Scale score...
July 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Sze-Ryn Chung, Keng L Wong, Andre E J Cheah
Wound closure for the diabetic foot can be challenging and often involves amputation or reconstruction. The authors describe a surgical technique and a case report of lateral lesser toe fillet flap in the management of a diabetic foot wound. The lateral lesser toe fillet flap reconstruction is a reproducible technique that incurs comparatively minimal technical complexity and provides a favorable option in the management of diabetic foot wounds where soft tissue coverage is required.
2014: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
2016-07-04 16:12:36
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