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John J Stapleton, Thomas Zgonis
Charcot neuroarthropathy of the foot and ankle is a devastating neuropathic complication that can eventually lead to a lower extremity amputation in the presence of an ulceration or infection. Current surgical approaches for the management of the diabetic Charcot foot and ankle deformities are largely based on expert opinions in various fixation methods attempting to avoid major postoperative complications. The goal of this article is to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of various internal, external, or combined fixation methods as they relate to the inherent challenges in the management of the diabetic Charcot foot...
July 2012: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Thomas Mittlmeier, K Klaue, Patrick Haar, Markus Beck
UNLABELLED: Charcot neuroosteoarthropathy of the feet can induce severe instability and deformity with subsequent plantar ulceration leading to substantial disability or even amputation. Traditionally, nonoperative treatment is regarded as the primary option of treatment while surgery is restricted to treating complications or failure of nonoperative treatment. Failed nonoperative treatment essentially prolongs treatment period. We retrospectively reviewed 22 patients (26 feet) with midfoot (n = 9) or hindfoot (n = 17) neuropathy who underwent primary surgical reconstruction and reorientation arthrodesis due to manifest instability, nonplantigrade foot position, and deformity with overt (n = 8) or what we judged was impending ulceration (n = 9)...
April 2010: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
S R Simon, S G Tejwani, D L Wilson, T J Santner, N L Denniston
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to evaluate the use of arthrodesis of the tarsal-metatarsal area for the treatment of Eichenholtz stage-I Charcot arthropathy in patients with diabetes. Currently, the standard treatment of stage-I Charcot arthropathy is the application of a non-weight-bearing total-contact cast. Although this treatment can be effective for allowing a patient to walk without undergoing an operation, a nonunion or malunion may still result. The subsequent deformities may lead to complications, including ulceration of the foot and the need for operative intervention...
July 2000: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
S Guis, J F Pellissier, D Arniaud, F Turck, T Witjas, H Roux, J P Mattei
Treatment of Charcot's joints remains difficult, and involves prolonged periods without weightbearing, immobilization, and surgical salvage procedures to avoid amputation. We describe the efficacy of pamidronate in treating a patient with Charcot's joint, due to hereditary sensory neuropathy, that caused loss of pain sensation. The bone and joint destruction in our patient's left foot was stopped by bisphosphonate treatment, and signs of a reconstructive healing process were observed on the control radiographs...
August 1999: Journal of Rheumatology
N Hartig, S Krenn, H-J Trnka
BACKGROUND: Because of extensive bone loss and the associated complex instability and deformity of the feet, Charcot arthropathy or neuroosteoarthropathy is a challenge for the orthopedic surgeon. Ulcerations offer entry of various bacteria; thus, infections are a frequent serious issue and complication. The careful choice of treatment is not only very important for the correct alignment of the foot and the loading capacity, but also contributes significantly to the prevention of skin irritation or the healing of existing ulcers...
January 2015: Der Orthopäde
Daniel J Lee, Joseph Schaffer, Tien Chen, Irvin Oh
Internal and external fixation techniques have been described for realignment and arthrodesis of Charcot midfoot deformity. There currently is no consensus on the optimal method of surgical reconstruction. This systematic review compared the clinical results of surgical realignment with internal and external fixation, specifically in regard to return to functional ambulation, ulcer occurrence, nonunion, extremity amputation, unplanned further surgery, deep infection, wound healing problems, peri- or intraoperative fractures, and total cases with any complication...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Min-Woong Sohn, Rodney M Stuck, Michael Pinzur, Todd A Lee, Elly Budiman-Mak
OBJECTIVE: To compare risks of lower-extremity amputation between patients with Charcot arthropathy and those with diabetic foot ulcers. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort of patients with incident Charcot arthropathy or diabetic foot ulcers in 2003 was followed for 5 years for any major and minor amputations in the lower extremities. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up of 37 +/- 20 and 43 +/- 18 months, the Charcot and ulcer groups had 4...
January 2010: Diabetes Care
Steven A Herbst
Deformity, instability, and ulceration are present in a high percentage of patients who have Charcot arthropathy. Traditional treatment of these conditions has consisted of debridement, antibiotics, and immobilization with limited weight bearing. These measures are followed by long-term use of various foot and ankle bracing devices, such as the CROW walker, double metal upright, and the lined clam shell AFO with accommodative footwear either incorporated or attached. Sometimes these conservative measures fail and surgery is indicated for foot and ankle deformities with: (1) unbraceable deformity; (2) recurrent ulceration secondary to deformity, instability, or both; and (3) Charcot arthropathy with pain that is unresponsive to conservative measures...
September 2004: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Ajit Kumar Varma
Charcot neuroarthropathy is a limb-threatening, destructive process that occurs in patients with neuropathy associated with medical diseases such as diabetes mellitus. Clinicians' treating diabetic patients should be vigilant in recognizing the early signs of acute Charcot neuroarthropathy, such as pain, warmth, edema, or pathologic fracture in a neuropathic foot. Early detection and prompt treatment can prevent joint and bone destruction, which, if untreated, can lead to morbidity and high-level amputation...
November 2013: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Yan Wang, Junlin Zhou, Fen Yan, Gong Li, Xiaofen Duan, Heng Pan, Jiao He
BACKGROUND: Gross deformity of the foot in Charcot neuroarthropathy can lead to foot collapse and subsequent ulceration, infection, amputation, or premature death. Total-contact casting (TCC) is a well-established treatment for neuropathic diabetic plantar foot ulcers. It was hypothesized that arthrodesis plus TCC may have advantages over TCC alone. This pilot study compared the effectiveness of arthrodesis plus TCC with TCC alone for the prevention, treatment, and recurrence of midfoot ulcerations associated with Charcot neuroarthropathy...
July 24, 2015: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Elissa S Finkler, Christopher Kasia, Ellen Kroin, Victoria Davidson-Bell, Adam P Schiff, Michael S Pinzur
BACKGROUND: The traditional nonsurgical accommodative treatment for diabetes-associated Charcot foot arthropathy has been unsuccessful in improving the quality of life in affected individuals. This has led to the growing interest in surgical correction of the acquired deformity with either "super construct" internal fixation implants or fine-wire static circular external fixation. The use of static circular external fixation without implants has been demonstrated to achieve high rates of deformity correction with low complication rates...
November 2015: Foot & Ankle International
F L Game, R Catlow, G R Jones, M E Edmonds, E B Jude, G Rayman, W J Jeffcoate
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We studied factors associated with the development and resolution of acute Charcot foot using a web-based observational study. METHODS: Clinicians managing cases of acute Charcot foot in the UK and Ireland between June 2005 and February 2007 were invited to register anonymised details on a secure website. RESULTS: A total of 288 cases (age 57.0 ± 11.3 years [mean ± SD]; 71.2% male) were registered from 76 centres...
January 2012: Diabetologia
Paul Dayton, Mindi Feilmeier, Mitchell Thompson, Paul Whitehouse, Rachel A Reimer
The surgical reconstruction of Charcot deformity can be a challenge for foot and ankle surgeons. Consensus is lacking among surgeons regarding the best method of surgical fixation to be used in reconstruction, and clear strong evidence is also lacking in published studies. We undertook a systematic review of electronic databases and other relevant sources in an attempt to better understand the complications and outcomes associated with internal and external fixation for Charcot foot and ankle reconstruction...
November 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Kenneth W Hegewald, Megan L Wilder, Todd M Chappell, Byron L Hutchinson
Diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy is a complex, limb-threatening disease process with major lifestyle-altering repercussions for patients. When Charcot neuroarthropathy leads to unstable deformity, ulceration, and potential infection despite conservative therapies, foot and ankle surgeons often consider reconstructive limb salvage procedures to restore function. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of diabetic Charcot reconstruction using combined internal and external fixation...
May 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Shafic Said Al-Nammari, Theologis Timothy, Sabokbar Afsie
Acute Charcot neuroarthropathy is a devastating condition and, its incidence is increasing. Currently, treatment consists of immobilisation and off-loading of the involved extremity. Outcomes are frequently poor and novel treatments are being sought urgently. This review aims to outline advances in the pharmacological treatment of this, condition. PubMed and the Cochrane Database of systematic reviews were searched. Relevant papers were cross referenced. Eleven original studies were identified. The limited data available suggest pamidronate, alendronate and calcitonin provide some clinical and biochemical improvements while zoledronic acid is deleterious and, increases off-loading times...
December 2013: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
N L Petrova, M E Edmonds
Charcot neuro-osteoarthropathy (CN) is one of the most challenging foot complications in diabetes. Common predisposing and precipitating factors include neuropathy and increased mechanical forces, fracture and bone resorption, trauma and inflammation. In the last 15 years, considerable progress has been made in the early recognition of the acute Charcot foot when the X ray is still negative (stage 0 or incipient Charcot foot). Recent advances in imaging modalities have enabled the detection of initial signs of inflammation and underlying bone damage before overt bone and joint destruction has occurred...
January 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
J-L Richard, M Almasri, S Schuldiner
AIM/HYPOTHESIS: We undertook a systematic review of the literature concerning the efficacy and safety of bisphosphonates in acute Charcot neuropathic osteoarthropathy. METHODS: MEDLINE, PubMed, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and abstracts presented during the meetings of the American Diabetes Association and the European Association of Diabetes were searched for relevant publications from the period January 1990 to September 2011. RESULTS: A total of ten studies on the treatment of acute Charcot osteoarthropathy with bisphosphonates were identified and included in the analysis...
May 2012: Diabetologia
Carroll P Jones
UNLABELLED: Charcot arthropathy commonly affects the midfoot and is often an extremely difficult and challenging surgical problem. Operative treatment with medial column arthrodesis using large intramedullary bolts or screws is an evolving and increasingly popular technique called "beaming." The technique is described here. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, expert opinion.
July 2015: Foot & Ankle International
Michael S Pinzur
With the increased number of diabetics worldwide and the increased incidence of morbid obesity in more prosperous cultures, there has become an increased awareness of Charcot arthropathy of the foot and ankle. Outcome studies would suggest that patients with deformity associated with Charcot Foot arthropathy have impaired health related quality of life. This awareness has led reconstructive-minded foot and ankle surgeons to develop surgical strategies to treat these acquired deformities. This article outlines the current clinical approach to this disabling medical condition...
January 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Dane K Wukich, Katherine M Raspovic, Kimberlee B Hobizal, David Sadoskas
BACKGROUND: Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) of the ankle and hindfoot (Sanders/Frykberg Type IV) is challenging to treat surgically or nonsurgically. The deformities associated with ankle/hindfoot CN are often multiplanar, resulting in sagittal, frontal and rotational malalignment. In addition, shortening of the limb often occurs from collapse of the distal tibia, talus and calcaneus. These deformities also result in significant alterations in the biomechanics of the foot. For example, a varus ankle/hindfoot results in increased lateral column plantar pressure of the foot, predisposing the patient to lateral foot ulceration...
January 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
2016-07-07 15:50:53
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