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Smoking cessation clinic

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45 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Edwin Kim Resident Physician, Aspiring Addiction Psychiatrist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25510845/do-people-with-mental-illness-receive-adequate-smoking-cessation-advice-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Alex J Mitchell, Davy Vancampfort, Marc De Hert, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of smoking in people with mental illness are high, and premature mortality attributed to tobacco related physical comorbidity is a major concern. We conducted a meta-analysis comparing rates of receipt of smoking cessation advice among people with and without mental illness. METHOD: Major electronic databases were searched from inception till August 2014 for studies comparing rates of receipt of smoking cessation advice of people with and without a mental illness...
January 2015: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26339210/smoking-use-and-cessation-among-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#2
REVIEW
Aniyizhai Annamalai, Noreen Singh, Stephanie S O'Malley
Smoking rates in people with serious mental illness (SMI) are disproportionately high compared to the general population. It is a leading contributor to the early mortality in this population. Smoking cessation rates are low in this group, though patients are motivated to quit. Unfortunately, health care providers do not always prioritize smoking cessation for this population. This review provides an overview of prevalence rates, biological effects that maintain smoking, and evidence-based treatments for smoking cessation in SMI...
September 2015: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26594837/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-pharmacotherapy-for-smoking-cessation-in-adults-with-serious-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Emmert Roberts, A Eden Evins, Ann McNeill, Debbie Robson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To assess the efficacy and tolerability of adjunctive pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation in adults with serious mental illness (SMI) by means of a systematic review and network meta-analysis. METHOD: We searched Embase, Medline, PsychINFO and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from database inception to 1 December 2014 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in English. We included all studies of smokers with SMI (including schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, delusional disorder and depressive psychoses) who were motivated to quit smoking...
April 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24467257/multiple-risk-behavior-profiles-of-smokers-with-serious-mental-illness-and-motivation-for-change
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Judith J Prochaska, Sebastien C Fromont, Kevin Delucchi, Kelly C Young-Wolff, Neal L Benowitz, Stephen Hall, Thomas Bonas, Sharon M Hall
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) are dying on average 25 years prematurely. The leading causes are chronic preventable diseases. In the context of a tobacco-treatment trial, this exploratory study examined the behavioral risk profiles of adults with SMI to identify broader interventional needs. METHOD: Recruited from five acute inpatient psychiatry units, participants were 693 adult smokers (recruitment rate = 76%, 50% male, 45% Caucasian, age M = 39, 49% had income < $10,000) diagnosed with mood disorders (71%), substance-use disorders (63%), posttraumatic stress disorder (39%), psychotic disorders (25%), and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (25%)...
December 2014: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26221050/interventions-to-address-medical-conditions-and-health-risk-behaviors-among-persons-with-serious-mental-illness-a-comprehensive-review
#5
REVIEW
Emma E McGinty, Julia Baller, Susan T Azrin, Denise Juliano-Bult, Gail L Daumit
People with serious mental illness (SMI) have mortality rates 2 to 3 times higher than the overall US population, largely due to cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity and diabetes mellitus and other conditions, such as HIV/AIDS, is heightened in this group. Based on the recommendations of a National Institute of Mental Health stakeholder meeting, we conducted a comprehensive review examining the strength of the evidence surrounding interventions to address major medical conditions and health-risk behaviors among persons with SMI...
January 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25744954/an-adaptation-of-motivational-interviewing-increases-quit-attempts-in-smokers-with-serious-mental-illness
#6
Marc L Steinberg, Jill M Williams, Naomi F Stahl, Patricia Dooley Budsock, Nina A Cooperman
INTRODUCTION: Smokers with serious mental illness (SMI) have a high smoking prevalence and a low quit rate. Motivational interviewing (MI) is an empirically supported approach for addressing substance use disorders and may motivate smokers with SMI to quit. METHODS: We randomized smokers (N = 98) with SMI to receive a single 45-minute session of (1) MI with personalized feedback or (2) interactive education. We hypothesized that participants receiving the MI intervention would be more likely to follow-up on a referral for tobacco dependence treatment, to make a quit attempt, and to quit smoking than those receiving the interactive educational intervention...
March 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773530/is-it-safe-to-vape-analyzing-online-forums-discussing-e-cigarette-use-during-pregnancy
#7
Britta Wigginton, Coral Gartner, Ingrid J Rowlands
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, or vaping, is increasing against a backdrop of declining smoking rates. E-cigarettes contain fewer toxicants than cigarettes, but their appearance and mode of use has the potential to satisfy the habitual aspects of smoking. To date, we know little about lay perceptions of the safety of using e-cigarettes in pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a thematic discourse analysis of 13 online discussion forum threads that discussed e-cigarette use during pregnancy...
October 20, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773711/adolescents-attitudes-towards-e-cigarette-ingredients-safety-addictive-properties-social-norms-and-regulation
#8
Anuradha Gorukanti, Kevin Delucchi, Pamela Ling, Raymond Fisher-Travis, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher
E-cigarette use has dramatically increased. While studies have examined adolescents' attitudes towards smoking, few have extended this research to adolescents' attitudes towards e-cigarettes. The goal of this study was to examine adolescents' attitudes regarding e-cigarette ingredients, safety, addictive properties, social norms, accessibility, price, and regulation; and determine whether attitudes differ by past cigarette/e-cigarette use. Participants were 786 9th and 12th graders from California (63.21% females; mean age=16...
October 20, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788063/how-medicaid-and-other-public-policies-affect-use-of-tobacco-cessation-therapy-united-states-2010-2014
#9
Leighton Ku, Erin Brantley, Tyler Bysshe, Erika Steinmetz, Brian K Bruen
INTRODUCTION: State Medicaid programs can cover tobacco cessation therapies for millions of low-income smokers in the United States, but use of this benefit is low and varies widely by state. This article assesses the effects of changes in Medicaid benefit policies, general tobacco policies, smoking norms, and public health programs on the use of cessation therapy among Medicaid smokers. METHODS: We used longitudinal panel analysis, using 2-way fixed effects models, to examine the effects of changes in state policies and characteristics on state-level use of Medicaid tobacco cessation medications from 2010 through 2014...
October 27, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816663/impact-of-quitting-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-treatment-on-substance-use-outcomes-an-updated-and-narrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Karma McKelvey, Johannes Thrul, Danielle Ramo
BACKGROUND: Historically, smoking cessation was thought to negatively impact substance use outcomes among smokers who use other substances. We sought to synthesize recent reports on this association. METHODS: Google Scholar, PubMed, and Cinahl were searched for studies published from 2006 to March 29, 2016 that reported impact of smoking cessation treatment or quitting smoking on substance use or substance use disorder treatment outcomes in the general population and among those in substance abuse treatment...
October 27, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789575/us-medical-schools-awareness-of-their-students-who-smoke-cessation-programs-available-and-the-potential-impact-on-residency-match
#11
Joseph E Chidiac, Ahmed Mohamed, Madhumitha Krishnamoorthy, Karim Mahmoud, Geethapriya Rajasekaranrathnakumar, Mohan Palla, Diane L Levine
INTRODUCTION: Hospital systems are adopting strict nicotine-free policies excluding hiring individuals who smoke, including residents for graduate medical training. This study was conducted to (1) determine medical schools' awareness of these policies, (2) awareness of their students' smoking behaviors, and (3) the smoking cessation programs that they provide. METHODS: A survey was developed to learn about the smoking policies of medical schools in the United States: how school leadership estimates smoking prevalence among their students, what those estimates are, and what programs are in place to help students quit smoking...
October 27, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800564/a-content-analysis-of-electronic-health-record-ehr-functionality-to-support-tobacco-treatment
#12
Jennifer M Schindler-Ruwisch, Lorien C Abroms, Steven L Bernstein, Christina L Heminger
Government regulations have created new incentives for health systems to implement changes in electronic health records (EHRs) to reduce tobacco use among patients. The purpose of this study is to conduct a content analysis of EHR modifications aimed at supporting tobacco cessation and to document these modifications using a 5 A's framework (i.e., Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange). Fourteen trials were identified that met inclusion criteria. A content analysis of EHR functionality in these trials was conducted by two independent reviewers between February and June 2015...
October 31, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799513/smoking-cessation-version-1-2016-nccn-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-oncology
#13
Peter G Shields, Roy S Herbst, Douglas Arenberg, Neal L Benowitz, Laura Bierut, Julie Bylund Luckart, Paul Cinciripini, Bradley Collins, Sean David, James Davis, Brian Hitsman, Andrew Hyland, Margaret Lang, Scott Leischow, Elyse R Park, W Thomas Purcell, Jill Selzle, Andrea Silber, Sharon Spencer, Tawee Tanvetyanon, Brian Tiep, Hilary A Tindle, Reginald Tucker-Seeley, James Urbanic, Monica Webb Hooper, Benny Weksler, C Will Whitlock, Douglas E Wood, Jennifer Burns, Jillian Scavone
Cigarette smoking has been implicated in causing many cancers and cancer deaths. There is mounting evidence indicating that smoking negatively impacts cancer treatment efficacy and overall survival. The NCCN Guidelines for Smoking Cessation have been created to emphasize the importance of smoking cessation and establish an evidence-based standard of care in all patients with cancer. These guidelines provide recommendations to address smoking in patients and outlines behavioral and pharmacologic interventions for smoking cessation throughout the continuum of oncology care...
November 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816543/pharmaceutical-assistance-programs-to-support-smoking-cessation-medication-access
#14
Angie Leon-Salas, Jamie J Hunt, Kimber P Richter, Niaman Nazir, Edward F Ellerbeck, Theresa I Shireman
OBJECTIVES: Rural smokers are more likely to be uninsured and live in poverty, which may pose significant cost barriers to accessing smoking cessation medications. As part of a randomized clinical trial, we provided support to connect low-income smokers with the use of pharmaceutical assistance programs (PAPs) to improve medication access. METHODS: Study participants were rural smokers enrolled in a randomized clinical trial testing in-office telemedicine versus telephone-based approaches to deliver counseling sessions...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815384/impact-of-cigarette-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-on-life-expectancy-among-people-with-hiv-a-us-based-modeling-study
#15
Krishna P Reddy, Robert A Parker, Elena Losina, Travis P Baggett, A David Paltiel, Nancy A Rigotti, Milton C Weinstein, Kenneth A Freedberg, Rochelle P Walensky
BACKGROUND:  In the United States, >40% of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) smoke cigarettes. METHODS:  We used a computer simulation of HIV disease and treatment to project the life expectancy of HIV-infected persons, based on smoking status. We used age- and sex-specific data on mortality, stratified by smoking status. The ratio of the non-AIDS-related mortality risk for current smokers versus that for never smokers was 2.8, and the ratio for former smokers versus never smokers was 1...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688045/metabolic-effects-of-smoking-cessation
#16
Kindred K Harris, Mohan Zopey, Theodore C Friedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599351/application-of-a-pharmacokinetic-pharmacogenetic-approach-to-assess-the-nicotine-metabolic-profile-of-smokers-in-the-real-life-setting
#17
Stefano Fogli, Alessandro Saba, Marzia Del Re, Francesco Pistelli, Ferruccio Aquilini, Riccardo Zucchi, Antonio Palla, Maria Cristina Breschi, Laura Carrozzi, Romano Danesi
The nicotine metabolite ratio, i.e., the ratio 3-hydroxycotinine/cotinine, is used to assess the nicotine metabolic status and has been proven to predict the response to smoking cessation treatments in randomized clinical trials. In the current study, a pharmacokinetic-pharmacogenetic integrated approach is described, based on the development of a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) method for nicotine metabolite ratio assay in plasma and a real-time PCR analysis for fast genotyping of CYP2A6...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450906/abstinence-expectancies-and-quit-attempts
#18
John R Hughes, Shelly Naud
INTRODUCTION: Several scales have been developed to measure expectancies about smoking cessation. This secondary analysis tested the reliability and validity of one of the most commonly used expectancy measures - the Perceived Risks and Benefits of Quitting Scale (PRBQ). METHODS: Smokers (n=143) who planned to quit at some point in the next 3months entered an observational study in which they called an Interactive Voice Response system nightly for 3months to report quit attempts and abstinence...
December 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776679/association-between-utilization-of-quitline-services-and-probability-of-tobacco-abstinence-in-low-income-smokers
#19
Steven L Bernstein, June-Marie Weiss, Benjamin Toll, Susan M Zbikowski
INTRODUCTION: Quitlines (QL) are an effective means for smoking cessation, but a paucity of data exist examining the dose-response relationship between use of QL services and quit rates, especially among low-income smokers. The purpose of this study was to study the relationship between tobacco abstinence and use of QL services among low-income smokers. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a randomized trial of every- or some-day smokers aged 18 years or older visiting an urban emergency department...
December 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633341/what-a-difference-a-day-makes-differences-in-initial-abstinence-response-during-a-smoking-cessation-attempt
#20
Megan E Piper, Sara A Vasilenko, Jessica W Cook, Stephanie T Lanza
AIMS: To (1) identify distinct classes of smokers based on quit day withdrawal symptoms and (2) explore the relations between withdrawal classes and demographics, tobacco dependence, treatment and smoking outcomes. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of participants (n = 1504) in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled multi-site smoking cessation trial who provided ecological momentary assessments of withdrawal symptoms on their quit day. Participants received smoking cessation counseling and were randomized to receive placebo or one of five active pharmacotherapies...
September 15, 2016: Addiction
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