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Preventive antibiotic treatment

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7 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336314/preventive-ceftriaxone-in-patients-with-stroke-treated-with-intravenous-thrombolysis-post-hoc-analysis-of-the-preventive-antibiotics-in-stroke-study
#1
Jan-Dirk Vermeij, Willeke F Westendorp, Yvo B Roos, Matthijs C Brouwer, Diederik van de Beek, Paul J Nederkoorn
BACKGROUND: The Preventive Antibiotics in Stroke Study (PASS), a randomized open-label masked endpoint trial, showed that preventive ceftriaxone did not improve functional outcome at 3 months in patients with acute stroke (adjusted common OR 0.95; 95% CI 0.82-1.09). Post-hoc analyses showed that among patients who received intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), patients who received ceftriaxone had a significantly better outcome as compared with the control group. This study aimed to gain more insight into the characteristics of these patients...
2016: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056982/depletion-of-cultivatable-gut-microbiota-by-broad-spectrum-antibiotic-pretreatment-worsens-outcome-after-murine-stroke
#2
Katarzyna Winek, Odilo Engel, Priscilla Koduah, Markus M Heimesaat, André Fischer, Stefan Bereswill, Claudia Dames, Olivia Kershaw, Achim D Gruber, Caterina Curato, Naoki Oyama, Christian Meisel, Andreas Meisel, Ulrich Dirnagl
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Antibiotics disturbing microbiota are often used in treatment of poststroke infections. A bidirectional brain-gut microbiota axis was recently suggested as a modulator of nervous system diseases. We hypothesized that gut microbiota may be an important player in the course of stroke. METHODS: We investigated the outcome of focal cerebral ischemia in C57BL/6J mice after an 8-week decontamination with quintuple broad-spectrum antibiotic cocktail...
May 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26343840/prophylactic-antibiotics-after-acute-stroke-for-reducing-pneumonia-in-patients-with-dysphagia-stroke-inf-a-prospective-cluster-randomised-open-label-masked-endpoint-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lalit Kalra, Saddif Irshad, John Hodsoll, Matthew Simpson, Martin Gulliford, David Smithard, Anita Patel, Irene Rebollo-Mesa
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke pneumonia is associated with increased mortality and poor functional outcomes. This study assessed the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis for reducing pneumonia in patients with dysphagia after acute stroke. METHODS: We did a prospective, multicentre, cluster-randomised, open-label controlled trial with masked endpoint assessment of patients older than 18 years with dysphagia after new stroke recruited from 48 stroke units in the UK, accredited and included in the UK National Stroke Audit...
November 7, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26045369/stroke-mtbi-infection-antibiotics-and-beta-blockade-connecting-the-dots
#4
REVIEW
Gerald Dieter Griffin
Several themes supported by a robust literature are addressed in this clinical translational review and research paper: (1) the inadequate standard of care for minimal traumatic brain injury (mTBI)/concussion when compared to stroke because diagnosis and care for mTBI/concussion are based primarily on a symptom only framework; (2) the treatment of stroke (brain injury) infection with select antibiotics; (3) the use of beta blockade in stroke (brain injury). The various etiologies of brain injury appear to coalesce to common endpoints: potential neuronal demise, cognitive and functional losses, immune suppression and infection...
August 2015: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25612858/the-preventive-antibiotics-in-stroke-study-pass-a-pragmatic-randomised-open-label-masked-endpoint-clinical-trial
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Willeke F Westendorp, Jan-Dirk Vermeij, Elles Zock, Imke J Hooijenga, Nyika D Kruyt, Hans J L W Bosboom, Vincent I H Kwa, Martijn Weisfelt, Michel J M Remmers, Robert ten Houten, A H C M Tobien Schreuder, Sarah E Vermeer, Ewout J van Dijk, Diederik W J Dippel, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Lodewijk Spanjaard, Marinus Vermeulen, Tom van der Poll, Jan M Prins, Frederique H Vermeij, Yvo B W E M Roos, Ruud P Kleyweg, Henk Kerkhoff, Matthijs C Brouwer, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Diederik van de Beek, Paul J Nederkoorn
BACKGROUND: In adults with acute stroke, infections occur commonly and are associated with an unfavourable functional outcome. In the Preventive Antibiotics in Stroke Study (PASS) we aimed to establish whether or not preventive antimicrobial therapy with a third-generation cephalosporin, ceftriaxone, improves functional outcome in patients with acute stroke. METHODS: In this multicentre, randomised, open-label trial with masked endpoint assessment, patients with acute stroke were randomly assigned to intravenous ceftriaxone at a dose of 2 g, given every 24 h intravenously for 4 days, in addition to stroke unit care, or standard stroke unit care without preventive antimicrobial therapy; assignments were made within 24 h after symptom onset...
April 18, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25347986/etiologic-diagnosis-and-clinical-treatment-of-multiple-drug-resistant-bacteria-infection-in-elderly-patients-with-stroke-associated-pneumonia-after-neurosurgery
#6
Liu Yan, Ye Qing, Jin Xingyi, Qiao Hongbo
Our objective is to analyze the etiology and antibiotics resistance rate of multiple drug-resistant bacteria infection in elderly patients with stroke-associated pneumonia from Neurosurgery Department, providing a reference for clinical treatment. Sputum of 372 elderly patients with stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) from Neurosurgery Department was collected for sputum culture and drug sensitivity test, and pathogenic bacteria distribution and drug resistance rate of antibiotics were discussed. Among 372 pathogenic bacteria, there were 95 cases with Gram-positive cocci, the percentage was 15...
March 2015: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25269598/update-of-the-preventive-antibiotics-in-stroke-study-pass-statistical-analysis-plan
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Willeke F Westendorp, Jan-Dirk Vermeij, Diederik W J Dippel, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Tom van der Poll, Jan M Prins, Frederique H Vermeij, Yvo B W E M Roos, Matthijs C Brouwer, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Diederik van de Beek, Paul J Nederkoorn
BACKGROUND: Infections occur in 30% of stroke patients and are associated with unfavorable outcomes. Preventive antibiotic therapy lowers the infection rate after stroke, but the effect of preventive antibiotic treatment on functional outcome in patients with stroke is unknown. The PASS is a multicenter, prospective, phase three, randomized, open-label, blinded end-point (PROBE) trial of preventive antibiotic therapy in acute stroke. Patients are randomly assigned to either ceftriaxone at a dose of 2 g, given every 24 h intravenously for 4 days, in addition to standard stroke-unit care, or standard stroke-unit care without preventive antibiotic therapy...
October 1, 2014: Trials
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