Read by QxMD icon Read

Dexamethasone studies

shared collection
4 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Arun Prasad Assistant Professor, University of Toronto
Prangmalee Leurcharusmee, Julian Aliste, Tom C R V Van Zundert, Phatthanaphol Engsusophon, Vanlapa Arnuntasupakul, Worakamol Tiyaprasertkul, Amornrat Tangjitbampenbun, Sonia Ah-Kye, Roderick J Finlayson, De Q H Tran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This multicenter, randomized trial compared intravenous (IV) and perineural (PN) dexamethasone for ultrasound (US)-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block. Our research hypothesis was both modalities would result in similar durations of motor block. METHODS: One hundred fifty patients undergoing upper limb surgery with US-guided infraclavicular block were randomly allocated to receive IV or PN dexamethasone (5 mg). The local anesthetic agent (35 mL of lidocaine 1%-bupivacaine 0...
May 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Joshua B Knight, Nicholas J Schott, Michael L Kentor, Brian A Williams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review outlines the analgesic role of perineural adjuvants for local anesthetic nerve block injections, and evaluates current knowledge regarding whether adjuvants modulate the neurocytologic properties of local anesthetics. RECENT FINDINGS: Perineural adjuvant medications such as dexmedetomidine, clonidine, buprenorphine, dexamethasone, and midazolam play unique analgesic roles. The dosing of these medications to prevent neurotoxicity is characterized in various cellular and in-vivo models...
October 2015: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Thi Mum Huynh, Emmanuel Marret, Francis Bonnet
BACKGROUND: Dexamethasone decreases postoperative pain and prolongs the duration of local anaesthetic peripheral nerve blocks in studies including a limited number of patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of combining dexamethasone with local anaesthetic on sensory and motor peripheral nerve blockade in adults. DESIGN: A systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched in Medline, Embase, Google Scholar and Cochrane Controlled Trials Register up to December 2013...
November 2015: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
E Albrecht, C Kern, K R Kirkham
We systematically reviewed the safety and efficacy of perineural dexamethasone as an adjunct for peripheral nerve blockade in 29 controlled trials of 1695 participants. We grouped trials by the duration of local anaesthetic action (short- or medium- vs long-term). Dexamethasone increased the mean (95% CI) duration of analgesia by 233 (172-295) min when injected with short- or medium-term action local anaesthetics and by 488 (419-557) min when injected with long-term action local anaesthetics, p < 0.00001 for both...
January 2015: Anaesthesia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"