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Rajnish Mehrotra, Olivier Devuyst, Simon J Davies, David W Johnson
Technical innovations in peritoneal dialysis (PD), now used widely for the long-term treatment of ESRD, have significantly reduced therapy-related complications, allowing patients to be maintained on PD for longer periods. Indeed, the survival rate for patients treated with PD is now equivalent to that with in-center hemodialysis. In parallel, changes in public policy have spurred an unprecedented expansion in the use of PD in many parts of the world. Meanwhile, our improved understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in solute and water transport across the peritoneum and of the pathobiology of structural and functional changes in the peritoneum with long-term PD has provided new targets for improving efficiency and for intervention...
June 23, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Qin Zhou, M-Auxiliadora Bajo, Gloria Del Peso, Xueqing Yu, Rafael Selgas
Long-term peritoneal dialysis causes morphologic and functional changes in the peritoneal membrane. Although mesothelial-mesenchymal transition of peritoneal mesothelial cells is a key process leading to peritoneal fibrosis, and bioincompatible peritoneal dialysis solutions (glucose, glucose degradation products, and advanced glycation end products or a combination) are responsible for altering mesothelial cell function and proliferation, mechanisms underlying these processes remain largely unclear. Peritoneal fibrosis has 2 cooperative parts, the fibrosis process itself and the inflammation...
September 2016: Kidney International
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