Read by QxMD icon Read

ethylene glycol toxicity

shared collection
2 papers 0 to 25 followers
Kenneth McMartin
INTRODUCTION: Ethylene glycol (EG) poisoning often results in acute renal failure, particularly if treatment with fomepizole or ethanol is delayed because of late presentation or diagnosis. The mechanism has not been established but is thought to result from the production of a toxic metabolite. METHODS: A literature review utilizing PubMed identified papers dealing with renal toxicity and EG or oxalate. The list of papers was culled to those relevant to the mechanism and treatment of the renal toxicity associated with either compound...
November 2009: Clinical Toxicology
Chungang Guo, Troy A Cenac, Yan Li, Kenneth E McMartin
Ethylene glycol (EG) is nephrotoxic due to its metabolism. Many studies suggest that the toxicity is due to oxalate accumulation, but others have conversely suggested that toxicity results from effects of metabolites such as glycolaldehyde or glyoxylic acid on proximal tubule cells. In vivo studies have indicated that accumulation of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) corresponds closely with development of toxicity in renal tissue. The present studies were therefore designed to clarify the roles of various metabolites in the mechanism for EG toxicity in vitro by comparing the relative cytotoxicity of EG metabolites using three measures of cell death, ethidium homodimer uptake, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and the conversion of the tetrazolium salt XTT to a colorimetric dye...
August 30, 2007: Toxicology Letters
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"