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Shyh-Shyong Sim, Jen-Tang Sun
A 46-year-old woman was brought to the emergency department because of agitation. On arrival, she had a fever (temperature, 38.6°C) and tachycardia (heart rate, 169 beats per minute). The patient was agitated and had ocular flutter (Video 1) as well as rigidity in the legs and myoclonus in the arms..
November 3, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Viren S Vasudeva, Alexander E Ropper, Samuel Rodriguez, Kyle C Wu, John H Chi
En bloc resection of tumors involving the spinal column is technically challenging and is associated with high morbidity to the patient due to the proximity of critical neurological and vascular structures and the destabilizing nature of this surgery. Nevertheless, evidence has shown improved progression-free survival with en bloc resection for certain low-grade malignant and aggressive benign musculoskeletal tumors. To avoid the morbidity of en bloc spondylectomy in patients with tumors localized to the lateral and posterolateral spinal column, the authors have found that the goals of surgery can be accomplished through a contralateral osteotomy of the pedicle and posterolateral elements for en bloc resection (COPPER)...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Pedro David Delgado-López, Cecilia Gil-Polo, Vicente Martín-Velasco, Javier Martín-Alonso, Ana María Galacho-Harriero, Elena Araus-Galdós
Idiopathic spinal cord herniation (ISCH) is a relatively rare and frequently misdiagnosed condition. It preferentially affects women and causes progressive thoracic myelopathy that presents as a Brown-Séquard syndrome or as spastic paraparesis. Although its etiology and pathogenesis are controversial, ISCH is characterized by the presence of an anterior dural defect that allows the incarceration of a segment of the cord. Typically, a C-shaped ventral displacement and kinking of the cord are visible on sagittal MRI...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Shelley N Hancock, Veronica Armijo-Garcia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pediatrics in Review
Chad E Bouton, Ammar Shaikhouni, Nicholas V Annetta, Marcia A Bockbrader, David A Friedenberg, Dylan M Nielson, Gaurav Sharma, Per B Sederberg, Bradley C Glenn, W Jerry Mysiw, Austin G Morgan, Milind Deogaonkar, Ali R Rezai
Millions of people worldwide suffer from diseases that lead to paralysis through disruption of signal pathways between the brain and the muscles. Neuroprosthetic devices are designed to restore lost function and could be used to form an electronic 'neural bypass' to circumvent disconnected pathways in the nervous system. It has previously been shown that intracortically recorded signals can be decoded to extract information related to motion, allowing non-human primates and paralysed humans to control computers and robotic arms through imagined movements...
12, 2016: Nature
Sebastiano Mercadante, Eduardo Bruera
Opioid switching is the process of changing from one opioid to another to obtain a satisfactory clinical balance between analgesia and adverse effects. This pharmacological technique has been introduced about 20 years ago to enhance the opioid response in advanced cancer patients with chronic pain. More information is now available. This review will examine many different aspects of opioid switching, including the history and evolution through the last decades, some clinical aspects based on the most recent experience, controversies on the indications, conversion ratios and modalities of switching in some specific circumstances, and evidence based recommendations...
March 2016: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Ana Teresa Timóteo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Marianne Dieterich, Mark Obermann, Nese Celebisoy
Vestibular migraine (VM) is the most common cause of episodic vertigo in adults as well as in children. The diagnostic criteria of the consensus document of the International Bárány Society for Neuro-Otology and the International Headache Society (2012) combine the typical signs and symptoms of migraine with the vestibular symptoms lasting 5 min to 72 h and exclusion criteria. Although VM accounts for 7% of patients seen in dizziness clinics and 9% of patients seen in headache clinics it is still underdiagnosed...
April 2016: Journal of Neurology
Piotr Ponikowski, Adriaan A Voors, Stefan D Anker, Héctor Bueno, John G F Cleland, Andrew J S Coats, Volkmar Falk, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Ewa A Jankowska, Mariell Jessup, Cecilia Linde, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, John T Parissis, Burkert Pieske, Jillian P Riley, Giuseppe M C Rosano, Luis M Ruilope, Frank Ruschitzka, Frans H Rutten, Peter van der Meer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
Paul Winner
Abdominal migraine is one of the episodic syndromes that may be associated with migraine, which often has its initial presentation in childhood. Recognition of these 2 conditions in the pediatric population is paramount to establish an appropriate diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. The aim of this article is to review the most recent International Classification of Headache Disorders-3 beta for abdominal migraine, and discuss the differential diagnosis and current suggested management.
February 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
J Max Findlay, Joshua Nisar, Tim Darsaut
Cerebral vasospasm is a prolonged but reversible narrowing of cerebral arteries beginning days after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Progression to cerebral ischemia is tied mostly to vasospasm severity, and its pathogenesis lies in artery encasement by blood clot, although the complex interactions between hematoma and surrounding structures are not fully understood. The delayed onset of vasospasm provides a potential opportunity for its prevention. It is disappointing that recent randomized, controlled trials did not demonstrate that the endothelin antagonist clazosentan, the cholesterol-lowering agent simvastatin, and the vasodilator magnesium sulfate improve patient outcome...
January 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
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