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7 papers 0 to 25 followers Research Papers used in aid of the in-house ICU registrar teaching programme at Royal Perth Hospital in the first half of 2016.
Giuseppe Bello, Gennaro De Pascale, Massimo Antonelli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This critical review discusses the key points that would be of practical help for the clinician who applies noninvasive ventilation (NIV) for treatment of patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF). RECENT FINDINGS: In recent years, the growing role of NIV in the acute care setting has led to the development of technical innovations to overcome the problems related to gas leakage and dead space. A considerable amount of research has been conducted to improve the quality of the devices as well as optimize ventilation modes used to administer NIV...
February 2013: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Ary Serpa Neto, Sérgio Oliveira Cardoso, José Antônio Manetta, Victor Galvão Moura Pereira, Daniel Crepaldi Espósito, Manoela de Oliveira Prado Pasqualucci, Maria Cecília Toledo Damasceno, Marcus J Schultz
CONTEXT: Lung-protective mechanical ventilation with the use of lower tidal volumes has been found to improve outcomes of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). It has been suggested that use of lower tidal volumes also benefits patients who do not have ARDS. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether use of lower tidal volumes is associated with improved outcomes of patients receiving ventilation who do not have ARDS. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials up to August 2012...
October 24, 2012: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Naomi P O'Grady, Patrick R Murray, Nancy Ames
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is among the most common infections in patients requiring endotracheal tubes with mechanical ventilation. Ventilator-associated pneumonia is associated with increased hospital costs, a greater number of days in the intensive care unit, longer duration of mechanical ventilation, and higher mortality. Despite widely accepted recommendations for interventions designed to reduce rates of VAP, few studies have assessed the ability of these interventions to improve patient outcomes...
June 20, 2012: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
John D Hunter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2012: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Rossella Boldrini, Luca Fasano, Stefano Nava
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A critical review of the most recent literature regarding use and clinical indications of noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV). RECENT FINDINGS: According to several randomized controlled trials, NIV has gained acceptance as the preferred ventilatory modality to treat acute respiratory failure (ARF) due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations, cardiogenic pulmonary edema, respiratory failure in immunocompromised patients, and to decrease the intubation length and to improve weaning results in patients recovering from a hypercapnic respiratory failure...
February 2012: Current Opinion in Critical Care
John Muscedere, Oleksa Rewa, Kyle McKechnie, Xuran Jiang, Denny Laporta, Daren K Heyland
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Aspiration of secretions containing bacterial pathogens into the lower respiratory tract is the main cause of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Endotracheal tubes with subglottic secretion drainage can potentially reduce this and, therefore, the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia. New evidence on subglottic secretion drainage as a preventive measure for ventilator-associated pneumonia has been recently published and to consider the evidence in totality, we conducted an updated systematic review and meta-analysis...
August 2011: Critical Care Medicine
Ariel Modrykamien, Robert L Chatburn, Rendell W Ashton
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) results in collapse of alveoli and therefore poor oxygenation. In this article, we review airway pressure release ventilation (APRV), a mode of mechanical ventilation that may be useful when, owing to ARDS, areas of the lungs are collapsed and need to be reinflated ("recruited"), avoiding cyclic alveolar collapse and reopening.
February 2011: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
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