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By M Munn
Heather Wolfe, Julia Timofeev, Eshetu Tefera, Sameer Desale, Rita W Driggers
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine maternal and neonatal outcomes in obese nulliparous women with an unfavorable cervix undergoing elective induction of labor compared with expectant management after 39.0 weeks. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of a cohort of nulliparous women with a vertex singleton gestation who delivered at MedStar Washington Hospital Center from 2007 to 2012. Patients with unfavorable cervix between 38.0 and 38...
July 2014: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
E R Magro-Malosso, G Saccone, M Chen, R Navathe, M Di Tommaso, V Berghella
BACKGROUND: Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) compared induction of labour with expectant management in non-diabetic women with suspected fetal macrosomia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of labour induction for suspected fetal macrosomia. SEARCH STRATEGY: Literature search in electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included all RCTs of suspected fetal macrosomia comparing labour induction with expectant management in term pregnancy...
February 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Tetsuya Kawakita, Uma M Reddy, Sara N Iqbal, Helain J Landy, Chun-Chih Huang, Matthew Hoffman, Anthony C Sciscione, Katherine L Grantz
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes based on length of the latent phase during induction with rupture of membranes before 6 cm dilation. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using data from the Consortium of Safe Labor study, including 9,763 nulliparous and 8,379 multiparous women with singleton, term pregnancies undergoing induction at 2 cm dilation or less with rupture of membranes before 6 cm dilation after which the latent phase ended...
August 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Luis D Pacheco, Mitchell P Rosen, Alfredo F Gei, George R Saade, Gary D V Hankins
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the concomitant use of subcutaneous terbutaline and oxytocin for the management of uterine hyperstimulation. Patients in active labor receiving intravenous oxytocin who developed uterine hyperstimulation were randomly assigned to receive either oxytocin discontinuation or administration of subcutaneous terbutaline while maintaining the oxytocin infusion. Time to resolution of hyperstimulation was the primary end point. Twenty-nine patients were enrolled...
August 2006: American Journal of Perinatology
Maria Andrikopoulou, Jessica A Lavery, Cande V Ananth, Anthony M Vintzileos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and metaanalysis was to determine the efficacy and safety of cervical ripening agents in the second trimester of pregnancy in patients with previous cesarean delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Data sources were PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS, Google Scholar, and (1983 through 2015). Eligibility criteria were cohort or cross-sectional studies that reported on efficacy and safety of cervical ripening agents in patients with previous cesarean delivery...
August 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Katherine A Connolly, Katherine S Kohari, Patricia Rekawek, Brooke S Smilen, Meredith R Miller, Erin Moshier, Stephanie H Factor, Joanne L Stone, Angela T Bianco
BACKGROUND: With an increasing rate of induction of labor, it is important to choose induction methods that are safe and efficient in achieving a vaginal delivery. The optimal method for inducing nulliparous women with an unfavorable cervix is not known. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if induction of labor with simultaneous use of oxytocin and Foley balloon vs sequential use of Foley balloon followed by oxytocin decreases the time to delivery in nulliparous women...
September 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
William A Grobman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Kate F Walker, George J Bugg, Marion Macpherson, Carol McCormick, Nicky Grace, Chris Wildsmith, Lucy Bradshaw, Gordon C S Smith, James G Thornton
BACKGROUND: The risk of antepartum stillbirth at term is higher among women 35 years of age or older than among younger women. Labor induction may reduce the risk of stillbirth, but it also may increase the risk of cesarean delivery, which already is common in this older age group. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, controlled trial involving primigravid women who were 35 years of age or older. Women were randomly assigned to labor induction between 39 weeks 0 days and 39 weeks 6 days of gestation or to expectant management (i...
March 3, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Jennifer L Bailit, William Grobman, Yuan Zhao, Ronald J Wapner, Uma M Reddy, Michael W Varner, Kenneth J Leveno, Steve N Caritis, Jay D Iams, Alan T Tita, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa, J Peter VanDorsten
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in nulliparous women with nonmedically indicated inductions at term vs those expectantly treated. STUDY DESIGN: Data were obtained from maternal and neonatal charts for all deliveries on randomly selected days across 25 US hospitals over a 3-year period. A low-risk subset of nulliparous women with vertex nonanomalous singleton gestations who delivered 38 0/7 to 41 6/7 weeks were selected...
January 2015: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ellen L Mozurkewich, Julie L Chilimigras, Deborah R Berman, Uma C Perni, Vivian C Romero, Valerie J King, Kristie L Keeton
BACKGROUND: Rates of labour induction are increasing. We conducted this systematic review to assess the evidence supporting use of each method of labour induction. METHODS: We listed methods of labour induction then reviewed the evidence supporting each. We searched MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library between 1980 and November 2010 using multiple terms and combinations, including labor, induced/or induction of labor, prostaglandin or prostaglandins, misoprostol, Cytotec, 16,16,-dimethylprostaglandin E2 or E2, dinoprostone; Prepidil, Cervidil, Dinoprost, Carboprost or hemabate; prostin, oxytocin, misoprostol, membrane sweeping or membrane stripping, amniotomy, balloon catheter or Foley catheter, hygroscopic dilators, laminaria, dilapan, saline injection, nipple stimulation, intercourse, acupuncture, castor oil, herbs...
2011: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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