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12 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Faye Kehler Family Physician and GP Anesthetist since 1987 interested in all aspects of Medicine
Punith Kempegowda, Ben Coombs, Peter Nightingale, Joht Singh Chandan, Jaffar Al-Sheikhli, Bhavana Shyamanur, Kasun Theivendran, Anitha Vijayan Melapatte, Umesh Salanke, Mohammed Akber, Sandip Ghosh, Parth Narendran
Efficient management of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) improves outcomes and reduces length of stay. While clinical audit improves the management of DKA, significant and sustained improvement is often difficult to achieve. We aimed to improve the management of DKA in our trust through the implementation of quality improvement methodology. Five specific targets (primary drivers: fluid prescription, fixed rate intravenous insulin infusion, glucose measurement, ketone measurement and specialist referral) were selected following a baseline audit...
October 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Bimota Nambam, Emily Menefee, Neslihan Gungor, Robert Mcvie
Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS) is a clinical entity not identical to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), and with a markedly higher mortality. Children with HHS can also present with concomitant DKA. Patients with HHS (with or without DKA) are profoundly dehydrated but often receive inadequate fluid resuscitation as well as intravenous insulin therapy based on traditional DKA protocols, and this can lead to devastating consequences. In this article, we briefly review HHS along with a report of an adolescent who presented with HHS and DKA and was initially managed as DKA...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Harold E Carlson
Gynecomastia is a common and sometimes distressing condition that may occur in males of all ages. Although most cases have benign causes and many are self-limited, male breast enlargement may also be a sign of underlying systemic disease or drug toxicity. Although rare, male breast cancer must also be considered in the differential diagnosis. A careful diagnostic evaluation should be pursued, tailored to the individual patient's circumstances. Treatment may include reassurance, medication, or surgery.
January 2011: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Samer El Hayek, Lynn Bitar, Layal H Hamdar, Fadi G Mirza, Georges Daoud
Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common metabolic and reproductive disorders among women of reproductive age. Women suffering from PCOS present with a constellation of symptoms associated with menstrual dysfunction and androgen excess, which significantly impacts their quality of life. They may be at increased risk of multiple morbidities, including obesity, insulin resistance, type II diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease (CVD), infertility, cancer, and psychological disorders. This review summarizes what the literature has so far provided from guidelines to diagnosis of PCOS...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Douglas S Ross, Henry B Burch, David S Cooper, M Carol Greenlee, Peter Laurberg, Ana Luiza Maia, Scott A Rivkees, Mary Samuels, Julie Ann Sosa, Marius N Stan, Martin A Walter
BACKGROUND: Thyrotoxicosis has multiple etiologies, manifestations, and potential therapies. Appropriate treatment requires an accurate diagnosis and is influenced by coexisting medical conditions and patient preference. This document describes evidence-based clinical guidelines for the management of thyrotoxicosis that would be useful to generalist and subspecialty physicians and others providing care for patients with this condition. METHODS: The American Thyroid Association (ATA) previously cosponsored guidelines for the management of thyrotoxicosis that were published in 2011...
October 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
W Timothy Garvey, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Elise M Brett, Alan J Garber, Daniel L Hurley, Ania M Jastreboff, Karl Nadolsky, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Raymond Plodkowski
OBJECTIVE: Development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and the American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres to published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent review of clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors. RESULTS: There are 9 broad clinical questions with 123 recommendation numbers that include 160 specific statements (85 [53...
July 2016: Endocrine Practice
J Kovács, F Votava, G Heinze, J Sólyom, J Lebl, Z Pribilincová, H Frisch, T Battelino, F Waldhauser
Despite the fact that congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is one of the most common inborn endocrine disorders, some patients are not identified, or may even die, in an acute salt-losing crisis. In a retrospective study covering the last 30 yr, we examined the time elapsing before diagnosis of CAH patients, in 5 Middle European countries, and the mortality rate in diagnosed patients and their siblings during childhood; we also attempted to estimate how many patients are not diagnosed clinically each year. Basic and follow-up clinical data and the family histories of 484 patients with classical forms of CAH diagnosed between 1969 and 1998 were collected and recorded in 5 Middle European countries...
July 2001: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Caroline K Kramer, Balakumar Swaminathan, Anthony J Hanley, Philip W Connelly, Mathew Sermer, Bernard Zinman, Ravi Retnakaran
Previous studies have yielded conflicting findings on the relationship between low vitamin D (25-OH-D) and impaired glucose homeostasis. In this context, we hypothesized that combined assessment of 25-OH-D with its regulator parathyroid hormone (PTH) may be required for optimal evaluation of the impact of vitamin D status on glucose metabolism. Thus, we evaluated the prospective associations of 25-OH-D and PTH at 3 months postpartum with β-cell function (Insulin Secretion-Sensitivity Index-2 [ISSI-2]), insulin sensitivity (Matsuda index), and glycemia at 12 months postpartum in 494 women undergoing serial metabolic characterization...
November 2014: Diabetes
Priyathama Vellanki, Karoline Lange, Dina Elaraj, Peter A Kopp, Malek El Muayed
CONTEXT: Most of the morbidity and mortality from parathyroid cancer is due to PTH-mediated hypercalcemia. Classically, management mainly consists of surgical resection, chemotherapy, and alleviation of hypercalcemia using bisphosphonates and calcium receptor agonists. The use of denosumab in the treatment of parathyroid cancer-mediated hypercalcemia has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this report is to describe the effect of denosumab on parathyroid cancer-induced hypercalcemia...
February 2014: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Hossein Gharib, Enrico Papini, Jeffrey R Garber, Daniel S Duick, R Mack Harrell, Laszlo Hegedüs, Ralf Paschke, Roberto Valcavi, Paolo Vitti
Thyroid nodules are detected in up to 50 to 60% of healthy subjects. Most nodules do not cause clinically significant symptoms, and as a result, the main challenge in their management is to rule out malignancy, with ultrasonography (US) and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy serving as diagnostic cornerstones. The key issues discussed in these guidelines are as follows: (1) US-based categorization of the malignancy risk and indications for US-guided FNA (henceforth, FNA), (2) cytologic classification of FNA samples, (3) the roles of immunocytochemistry and molecular testing applied to thyroid FNA, (4) therapeutic options, and (5) follow-up strategy...
May 2016: Endocrine Practice
Bryan R Haugen, Erik K Alexander, Keith C Bible, Gerard M Doherty, Susan J Mandel, Yuri E Nikiforov, Furio Pacini, Gregory W Randolph, Anna M Sawka, Martin Schlumberger, Kathryn G Schuff, Steven I Sherman, Julie Ann Sosa, David L Steward, R Michael Tuttle, Leonard Wartofsky
BACKGROUND: Thyroid nodules are a common clinical problem, and differentiated thyroid cancer is becoming increasingly prevalent. Since the American Thyroid Association's (ATA's) guidelines for the management of these disorders were revised in 2009, significant scientific advances have occurred in the field. The aim of these guidelines is to inform clinicians, patients, researchers, and health policy makers on published evidence relating to the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer...
January 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Cristiana Cipriani, Federica Biamonte, Aline G Costa, Chiyuan Zhang, Piergianni Biondi, Daniele Diacinti, Jessica Pepe, Sara Piemonte, Alfredo Scillitani, Salvatore Minisola, John P Bilezikian
CONTEXT: The fourth International Workshop on the Management of Asymptomatic Primary Hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has recently suggested that skeletal and renal imaging be routinely conducted. So far, no study has systematically assessed this issue. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the prevalence of kidney stones (KS) and vertebral fractures (VFs) in a cohort of patients with PHPT utilizing noninvasive imaging technology. DESIGN: This was a prospective study evaluating patients consecutively diagnosed with PHPT in a single center over a 5-year period (2009-2013)...
April 2015: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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