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Food Addiction

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2 papers 0 to 25 followers
Antoine Hone-Blanchet, Shirley Fecteau
Food has both homeostatic and hedonic components, which makes it a potent natural reward. Food related reward could therefore promote an escalation of intake and trigger symptoms associated to withdrawal, suggesting a behavioral parallel with substance abuse. Animal and human theoretical models of food reward and addiction have emerged, raising further interrogations on the validity of a bond between Substance Use Disorders, as clinically categorized in the DSM 5, and food reward. These models propose that highly palatable food items, rich in sugar and/or fat, are overly stimulating to the brain's reward pathways...
October 2014: Neuropharmacology
C D'Addario, M V Micioni Di Bonaventura, M Pucci, A Romano, S Gaetani, R Ciccocioppo, C Cifani, M Maccarrone
Overeating, frequently linked to an increasing incidence of overweight and obesity, has become epidemic and one of the leading global health problems. To explain the development of this eating behavior, new hypotheses involve the concept that many people might be addicted to food by losing control over their ability to regulate food intake. Among the different neurotransmitter networks that partake in the reward circuitry within the brain, a large body of evidence supports the involvement of the endocannabinoid system...
November 2014: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
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