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Outstanding Clinical Review

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14 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886620/2017-esc-guidelines-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-peripheral-arterial-diseases-in-collaboration-with-the-european-society-for-vascular-surgery-esvs-document-covering-atherosclerotic-disease-of-extracranial-carotid-and-vertebral-mesenteric-renal-upper-and
#1
Victor Aboyans, Jean-Baptiste Ricco, Marie-Louise E L Bartelink, Martin Björck, Marianne Brodmann, Tina Cohnert, Jean-Philippe Collet, Martin Czerny, Marco De Carlo, Sebastian Debus, Christine Espinola-Klein, Thomas Kahan, Serge Kownator, Lucia Mazzolai, A Ross Naylor, Marco Roffi, Joachim Röther, Muriel Sprynger, Michal Tendera, Gunnar Tepe, Maarit Venermo, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, Ileana Desormais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020579/delirium-in-hospitalized-older-adults
#2
REVIEW
Edward R Marcantonio
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 377, Issue 15, Page 1456-1466, October 2017.
October 12, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837549/use-of-outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-among-heart-attack-survivors-20-states-and-the-district-of-columbia-2013-and-four-states-2015
#3
Jing Fang, Carma Ayala, Cecily Luncheon, Matthew Ritchey, Fleetwood Loustalot
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States (1). Each year, approximately 790,000 adults have a myocardial infarction (heart attack), including 210,000 that are recurrent heart attacks (2). Cardiac rehabilitation (rehab) includes exercise counseling and training, education for heart-healthy living, and counseling to reduce stress. Cardiac rehab provides patients with education regarding the causes of heart attacks and tools to initiate positive behavior change, and extends patients' medical management after a heart attack to prevent future negative sequelae (3)...
August 25, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974521/update-to-practice-standards-for-electrocardiographic-monitoring-in-hospital-settings-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#4
REVIEW
Kristin E Sandau, Marjorie Funk, Andrew Auerbach, Gregory W Barsness, Kay Blum, Maria Cvach, Rachel Lampert, Jeanine L May, George M McDaniel, Marco V Perez, Sue Sendelbach, Claire E Sommargren, Paul J Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This scientific statement provides an interprofessional, comprehensive review of evidence and recommendations for indications, duration, and implementation of continuous electro cardiographic monitoring of hospitalized patients. Since the original practice standards were published in 2004, new issues have emerged that need to be addressed: overuse of arrhythmia monitoring among a variety of patient populations, appropriate use of ischemia and QT-interval monitoring among select populations, alarm management, and documentation in electronic health records...
November 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958335/the-clinical-use-of-ivabradine
#5
REVIEW
Jacob S Koruth, Anuradha Lala, Sean Pinney, Vivek Y Reddy, Srinivas R Dukkipati
The clinical use of ivabradine has and continues to evolve along channels that are predicated on its mechanism of action. It selectively inhibits the funny current (If) in sinoatrial nodal tissue, resulting in a decrease in the rate of diastolic depolarization and, consequently, the heart rate, a mechanism that is distinct from those of other negative chronotropic agents. Thus, it has been evaluated and is used in select patients with systolic heart failure and chronic stable angina without clinically significant adverse effects...
October 3, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780661/unique-presentations-and-etiologies-of-myocardial-infarction-in-women
#6
REVIEW
Marysia S Tweet, Patricia Best, Sharonne N Hayes
Despite recent efforts to reduce cardiovascular disease, it remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among women, particularly younger women. When compared to men, women have more inpatient complications, mortality, heart failure, and stroke following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) despite having less obstructive coronary artery disease. Moreover, women are less likely to have AMI from plaque rupture than men, and more likely to experience alternate etiologies of AMI including plaque erosion and spontaneous coronary artery dissection...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870355/mechanical-ventilation-state-of-the-art
#7
REVIEW
Tài Pham, Laurent J Brochard, Arthur S Slutsky
Mechanical ventilation is the most used short-term life support technique worldwide and is applied daily for a diverse spectrum of indications, from scheduled surgical procedures to acute organ failure. This state-of-the-art review provides an update on the basic physiology of respiratory mechanics, the working principles, and the main ventilatory settings, as well as the potential complications of mechanical ventilation. Specific ventilatory approaches in particular situations such as acute respiratory distress syndrome and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are detailed along with protective ventilation in patients with normal lungs...
September 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941606/new-developments-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#8
REVIEW
Robert M Cooper, Claire E Raphael, Max Liebregts, Nandan S Anavekar, Josef Veselka
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the leading cause of sudden death in young individuals and an important cause of heart failure at any age. In this review we discuss advances in investigation and management of this heterogenous disease. Improved cardiac imaging has allowed us to detail many of the structural abnormalities whereas the use of new techniques, predominantly in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, has given us a greater insight in to tissue architecture, mechanism of contractile abnormalities, and function...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855272/pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-tachycardiomyopathy
#9
Claire A Martin, Pier D Lambiase
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923988/contemporary-management-of-cardiogenic-shock-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#10
REVIEW
Sean van Diepen, Jason N Katz, Nancy M Albert, Timothy D Henry, Alice K Jacobs, Navin K Kapur, Ahmet Kilic, Venu Menon, E Magnus Ohman, Nancy K Sweitzer, Holger Thiele, Jeffrey B Washam, Mauricio G Cohen
Cardiogenic shock is a high-acuity, potentially complex, and hemodynamically diverse state of end-organ hypoperfusion that is frequently associated with multisystem organ failure. Despite improving survival in recent years, patient morbidity and mortality remain high, and there are few evidence-based therapeutic interventions known to clearly improve patient outcomes. This scientific statement on cardiogenic shock summarizes the epidemiology, pathophysiology, causes, and outcomes of cardiogenic shock; reviews contemporary best medical, surgical, mechanical circulatory support, and palliative care practices; advocates for the development of regionalized systems of care; and outlines future research priorities...
October 17, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689178/sacubitril-valsartan-beyond-natriuretic-peptides
#11
REVIEW
Jagdeep S S Singh, Louise M Burrell, Myriam Cherif, Iain B Squire, Andrew L Clark, Chim C Lang
Natriuretic peptides, especially B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), have primarily been regarded as biomarkers in heart failure (HF). However, they are also possible therapeutic agents due to their potentially beneficial physiological effects. The angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor, sacubitril/valsartan, simultaneously augments the natriuretic peptide system (NPS) by inhibiting the enzyme neprilysin (NEP) and inhibits the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) by blocking the angiotensin II receptor...
October 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547673/valvular-heart-disease-in-cancer-patients-etiology-diagnosis-and-management
#12
REVIEW
Merrill H Stewart, Eiman Jahangir, Nichole M Polin
Cardiac valvular disease as consequence of radiation and chemotherapy during treatment for malignancy is growing in its awareness. While the overwhelming emphasis in this population has been on the monitoring and preservation of left ventricular systolic function, we are now developing a greater appreciation for the plethora of cardiac sequelae beyond this basic model. To this end many institutions across the country have developed cardio-oncology programs, which are collaborative practices between oncologists and cardiologists in order to minimize a patient's cardiovascular risk while allowing them to receive the necessary treatment for their cancer...
July 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536694/fluid-management-for-critically-ill-patients-a-review-of-the-current-state-of-fluid-therapy-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#13
REVIEW
Erin Frazee, Kianoush Kashani
BACKGROUND: Intravenous fluids (IVF) are frequently utilized to restore intravascular volume in patients with distributive and hypovolemic shock. Although the benefits of the appropriate use of fluids in intensive care units (ICUs) and hospitals are well described, there is growing knowledge regarding the potential risks of volume overload and its impact on organ failure and mortality. To avoid volume overload and its associated complications, strategies to identify fluid responsiveness are developed and utilized more often among ICU patients...
June 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26995592/contemporary-management-of-acute-right-ventricular-failure-a-statement-from-the-heart-failure-association-and-the-working-group-on-pulmonary-circulation-and-right-ventricular-function-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology
#14
REVIEW
Veli-Pekka Harjola, Alexandre Mebazaa, Jelena Čelutkienė, Dominique Bettex, Hector Bueno, Ovidiu Chioncel, Maria G Crespo-Leiro, Volkmar Falk, Gerasimos Filippatos, Simon Gibbs, Adelino Leite-Moreira, Johan Lassus, Josep Masip, Christian Mueller, Wilfried Mullens, Robert Naeije, Anton Vonk Nordegraaf, John Parissis, Jillian P Riley, Arsen Ristic, Giuseppe Rosano, Alain Rudiger, Frank Ruschitzka, Petar Seferovic, Benjamin Sztrymf, Antoine Vieillard-Baron, Mehmet Birhan Yilmaz, Stavros Konstantinides
Acute right ventricular (RV) failure is a complex clinical syndrome that results from many causes. Research efforts have disproportionately focused on the failing left ventricle, but recently the need has been recognized to achieve a more comprehensive understanding of RV anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology, and of management approaches. Right ventricular mechanics and function are altered in the setting of either pressure overload or volume overload. Failure may also result from a primary reduction of myocardial contractility owing to ischaemia, cardiomyopathy, or arrhythmia...
March 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
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