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Hemodialysis

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7 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Gabi Djab Nephrologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505159/risk-factors-for-stroke-in-people-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-a-cohort-study
#1
Philip Masson, Sradha Kotwal, Patrick J Kelly, Jonathan C Craig, Richard I Lindley, Martin Gallagher, Alan Cass, Angela C Webster
BACKGROUND: It is unclear how traditional cardiovascular risk factors and different treatment modalities for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) affect stroke risk in people with ESKD. We aimed to identify the risk factors for stroke (ischemic and hemorrhagic) in people with ESKD. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data linkage between the Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry, clinical and administrative datasets. Using Cox proportional hazards models, we estimated the magnitudes of risk of hospitalization with different subtypes of strokes associated with traditional cardiovascular risk factors and ESKD treatment modalities (hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD) and kidney transplantation)...
2016: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169576/residual-kidney-function-decline-and-mortality-in-incident-hemodialysis-patients
#2
Yoshitsugu Obi, Connie M Rhee, Anna T Mathew, Gaurang Shah, Elani Streja, Steven M Brunelli, Csaba P Kovesdy, Rajnish Mehrotra, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
In patients with ESRD, residual kidney function (RKF) contributes to achievement of adequate solute clearance. However, few studies have examined RKF in patients on hemodialysis. In a longitudinal cohort of 6538 patients who started maintenance hemodialysis over a 4-year period (January 2007 through December 2010) and had available renal urea clearance (CLurea) data at baseline and 1 year after hemodialysis initiation, we examined the association of annual change in renal CLurea rate with subsequent survival...
December 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165828/mortality-risk-in-european-children-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-dialysis
#3
Nicholas C Chesnaye, Franz Schaefer, Jaap W Groothoff, Marjolein Bonthuis, György Reusz, James G Heaf, Malcolm Lewis, Elisabeth Maurer, Dušan Paripović, Ilona Zagozdzon, Karlijn J van Stralen, Kitty J Jager
We aimed to describe survival in European pediatric dialysis patients and compare the differential mortality risk between patients starting on hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). Data for 6473 patients under 19 years of age or younger were extracted from the European Society of Pediatric Nephrology, the European Renal Association, and European Dialysis and Transplant Association Registry for 36 countries for the years 2000 through 2013. Hazard ratios (HRs) were adjusted for age at start of dialysis, sex, primary renal disease, and country...
June 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147291/duration-of-hemodialysis-following-peritoneal-dialysis-cessation-in-australia-and-new-zealand-proposal-for-a-standardized-definition-of-technique-failure
#4
Patrick G Lan, Philip A Clayton, David W Johnson, Stephen P McDonald, Monique Borlace, Sunil V Badve, Kamal Sud, Neil Boudville
♦ BACKGROUND: Although technique failure is a key outcome in peritoneal dialysis (PD), there is currently no agreement on a uniform definition. We explored different definitions of PD technique failure using data from the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant (ANZDATA) Registry. ♦ METHODS: We included 16,612 incident PD patients in Australia and New Zealand from January 1998 to December 2012. Different definitions of technique failure were applied according to the minimum number of days (30, 60, 90, 180, or 365) the patient received hemodialysis after cessation of PD...
November 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27133436/management-of-the-hemodialysis-unit-core-curriculum-2016
#5
Susan M Blankschaen, Sharmeela Saha, Jay B Wish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936486/which-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-have-the-greatest-symptom-burden-a-comparative-study-of-advanced-ckd-stage-and-dialysis-modality
#6
Hayfa Almutary, Ann Bonner, Clint Douglas
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) leads to a range of symptoms, which are often under-recognised and little is known about the multidimensional symptom experience in advanced CKD. OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) symptom burden at CKD stages 4 and 5, and dialysis modalities, and (2) demographic and renal history correlates of symptom burden. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, a convenience sample of 436 people with CKD was recruited from three hospitals...
June 2016: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26498416/kdoqi-clinical-practice-guideline-for-hemodialysis-adequacy-2015-update
#7
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
The National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) has provided evidence-based guidelines for all stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and related complications since 1997. The 2015 update of the KDOQI Clinical Practice Guideline for Hemodialysis Adequacy is intended to assist practitioners caring for patients in preparation for and during hemodialysis. The literature reviewed for this update includes clinical trials and observational studies published between 2000 and March 2014...
November 2015: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
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