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By Felipe Constanzo M.D.
Zabidi A Zabidi-Hussin
Having an organized, structured thinking process is critical in medicine. It is through this thinking process that enables one to go through the method of history-taking, which will eventually lead to making a definitive diagnosis and all other processes that follow. The use of mnemonic has been found to be useful for this purpose. The mnemonic VITAMINSABCDEK, is a convenient and practical way to assist in expanding the differential diagnoses and covers all possible causes of an illness. It is also easy to remember, as the vitamins whose letters are represented in this mnemonic cover the entire range of vitamins known...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Masahiro Shin, Kenji Kondo, Shunya Hanakita, Hirotaka Hasegawa, Masanori Yoshino, Yu Teranishi, Taichi Kin, Nobuhito Saito
OBJECTIVE Reports about endoscopic endonasal surgery for skull base tumors involving the lateral part of petrous apex remain scarce. The authors present their experience with the endoscopic transsphenoidal anterior petrosal (ETAP) approach through the retrocarotid space for tumors involving the internal auditory canal, jugular fossa, and cavernous sinus. METHODS The authors performed the ETAP approach in 10 patients with 11 tumors (bilateral in 1 patient) that extensively occupied the lateral part of petrous apex, e...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Daniele Marchioni, Matteo Alicandri-Ciufelli, Alessia Rubini, Babara Masotto, Giacomo Pavesi, Livio Presutti
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to describe the first case series in which an exclusive endoscopic transcanal transpromontorial approach (EETTA) was used to treat small vestibular schwannomas (VSs) and meningiomas of the internal auditory canal (IAC). METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of patients who had undergone surgery using an EETTA to the IAC at 2 university tertiary care referral centers during the period from November 2011 to January 2015. RESULTS Ten patients underwent surgery via an EETTA for the treatment of VS in the IAC at the University Hospital of Modena or the University Hospital of Verona...
March 11, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Syndi Seinfeld, Howard P Goodkin, Shlomo Shinnar
Although the majority of seizures are brief and cause no long-term consequences, a subset is sufficiently prolonged that long-term consequences can result. These very prolonged seizures are termed "status epilepticus" (SE) and are considered a neurological emergency. The clinical presentation of SE can be diverse. SE can occur at any age but most commonly occurs in the very young and the very old. There are numerous studies on SE in animals in which the pathophysiology, medication responses, and pathology can be rigorously studied in a controlled fashion...
March 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
Ralph Abi Hachem, Ahmad Elkhatib, Andre Beer-Furlan, Daniel Prevedello, Ricardo Carrau
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this manuscript, we will provide a panorama of the current status of skull base reconstruction following endoscopic endonasal or open resection of malignant lesions, focusing on novel options and recent modifications of previously described techniques. RECENT FINDINGS: New developments in skull base reconstruction continue to arise, mostly as in the form of vascularized pedicled flaps that can be used following endoscopic and open resections of the skull base...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Susan P Mollan, Fizzah Ali, Ghaniah Hassan-Smith, Hannah Botfield, Deborah I Friedman, Alexandra J Sinclair
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a rare but important disease associated with significant morbidity. There is an expected rise in prevalence in line with the escalating global burden of obesity. Modern revisions in the terminology and diagnostic criteria for IIH help guide clinicians in investigations and researchers in standardising recruitment criteria for clinical trials. The pathophysiology of IIH is incompletely characterised; suggested underpinning mechanisms include the role of cerebrospinal fluid regulation as well as metabolic and endocrinological perspectives...
September 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
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