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By Faye Kehler Family Physician and GP Anesthetist since 1987 interested in all aspects of Medicine
James G Boyle, D Fraser Davidson, Colin G Perry, John M C Connell
CONTEXT: Recent evidence suggests that plasma-free metanephrines provide a highly sensitive test in patients requiring exclusion of pheochromocytoma. The diagnostic efficacy of urinary free metanephrines, however, has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE, DESIGN, SETTING, PATIENTS, AND OUTCOME MEASURES: We compared retrospectively the diagnostic efficacy of 24-h urinary free metanephrines with our currently available measurements of 24-h urinary vanillyl mandelic acid (VMA), urinary catecholamines, and plasma catecholamines in 159 outpatients tested in a tertiary referral center for pheochromocytoma over a 4-yr period...
December 2007: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
S W Olson, S Yoon, T Baker, L K Prince, D Oliver, K C Abbott
OBJECTIVE: Plasma metanephrines (PMN) are highly sensitive for diagnosis of pheochromocytoma, but the natural history of PMN before pheochromocytoma diagnosis has not been previously described. The aim of the study was to compare the progression of PMN before pheochromocytoma diagnosis to matched healthy and essential hypertension disease controls. DESIGN: A retrospective case-control Department of Defense Serum Repository (DoDSR) study. METHODS: We performed a DoDSR study that compared three longitudinal pre-diagnostic PMN for 30 biopsy-proven pheochromocytoma cases to three longitudinal PMN for age, sex, race, and age of serum sample matched healthy and essential hypertension disease controls...
March 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Lauren Fishbein
Pheochromocytomas (PCCs) and paragangliomas (PGLs) are rare but unique neuroendocrine tumors. The hypersecretion of catecholamines from the tumors can be associated with high morbidity and mortality, even when tumors are benign. Up to 40% of PCCs/PGLs are associated with germline mutations in susceptibility genes. About one-quarter are malignant, defined by the presence of distant metastases. Treatment options for unresectable metastatic disease, including chemotherapy, (131)I-MIBG, and radiation, can offer limited tumor and hormone control, although none are curative...
February 2016: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
Rémi Goupil, Stelios Fountoulakis, Richard D Gordon, Michael Stowasser
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PPGL) involves detection of elevated levels of plasma and/or 24-h urine catecholamines and/or their metabolites, including metanephrines. Although these tests are reasonably sensitive, false-positive results are often encountered. Follow-up tests can provide additional information to correctly diagnose PPGL. In this regard, the utility of the urinary clonidine suppression test (UCST) remains unknown. METHODS: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of the UCST in confirming or excluding PPGL, we conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent a UCST between 2000 and 2013 (n = 59; 15 PPGLs) at a single centre...
November 2015: Journal of Hypertension
Christina Pamporaki, Michael Bursztyn, Manja Reimann, Tjalf Ziemssen, Stefan R Bornstein, Fred C G J Sweep, Henri Timmers, Jacques W M Lenders, Graeme Eisenhofer
BACKGROUND: Higher plasma concentrations of catecholamines in winter than in summer have been established, but whether this impacts the plasma concentrations of metanephrines used for the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma is unknown. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined seasonal variations in the plasma concentrations of metanephrines, the impact of this on diagnostic test performance and the influences of forearm warming ('arterialization' of venous blood) on blood flow and measured concentrations...
March 2014: European Journal of Endocrinology
Roland Därr, Christina Pamporaki, Mirko Peitzsch, Konstanze Miehle, Aleksander Prejbisz, Mariola Peczkowska, Dirk Weismann, Felix Beuschlein, Richard Sinnott, Stefan R Bornstein, Hartmut P Neumann, Andrzej Januszewicz, Jacques Lenders, Graeme Eisenhofer
OBJECTIVE: To document the influences of blood sampling under supine fasting versus seated nonfasting conditions on diagnosis of phaeochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGL) using plasma concentrations of normetanephrine, metanephrine and methoxytyramine. DESIGN AND METHODS: Biochemical testing for PPGL was performed on 762 patients at six centres, two of which complied with requirements for supine sampling after an overnight fast and four of which did not. Phaeochromocytomas and paragangliomas were found in 129 patients (67 noncompliant, 62 compliant) and not in 633 patients (195 noncompliant, 438 compliant)...
April 2014: Clinical Endocrinology
Katherine Leung, Michael Stamm, Asim Raja, Gavin Low
OBJECTIVE: Pheochromocytomas are relatively rare neuroendocrine tumors of the adrenal medulla. Their variable clinical presentation and biologic behavior often make accurate diagnosis challenging. A variable spectrum of imaging appearances--some of which may also mimic other diseases--has been recognized. This article reviews the epidemiology; associations; and clinical, biochemical, pathologic, and multimodality imaging features of pheochromocytomas including diagnostic pearls and pitfalls...
February 2013: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
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