collection
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nicolas

shared collection
97 papers 25 to 100 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660378/influenza-vaccination-and-risk-of-hospitalization-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-self-controlled-case-series-study
#1
Hamid Mohseni, Amit Kiran, Reza Khorshidi, Kazem Rahimi
AIMS: Evidence supporting yearly influenza vaccination in patients with chronic heart failure (HF) is limited, consequently leading to inconsistent guideline recommendations. We aimed to investigate the impact of influenza vaccination on the risk of hospitalization in HF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used linked primary and secondary health records in England between 1990 and 2013. Using a self-controlled case series design with conditional Poisson regression, we estimated the incidence rate ratio (IRR, 95% CI) of the number of hospitalizations in a year following vaccination with an adjacent vaccination-free year in the same individuals...
September 22, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521067/2016-american-thyroid-association-guidelines-for-diagnosis-and-management-of-hyperthyroidism-and-other-causes-of-thyrotoxicosis
#2
Douglas S Ross, Henry B Burch, David S Cooper, M Carol Greenlee, Peter Laurberg, Ana Luiza Maia, Scott A Rivkees, Mary Samuels, Julie Ann Sosa, Marius N Stan, Martin A Walter
BACKGROUND: Thyrotoxicosis has multiple etiologies, manifestations, and potential therapies. Appropriate treatment requires an accurate diagnosis and is influenced by coexisting medical conditions and patient preference. This document describes evidence-based clinical guidelines for the management of thyrotoxicosis that would be useful to generalist and subspecialty physicians and others providing care for patients with this condition. METHODS: The American Thyroid Association (ATA) previously cosponsored guidelines for the management of thyrotoxicosis that were published in 2011...
October 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394021/urinary-tract-infections-in-the-older-adult
#3
REVIEW
Lindsay E Nicolle
Urinary infection is the most common bacterial infection in elderly populations. The high prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria in both men and women is benign and should not be treated. A diagnosis of symptomatic infection for elderly residents of long-term care facilities without catheters requires localizing genitourinary findings. Symptomatic urinary infection is overdiagnosed in elderly bacteriuric persons with nonlocalizing clinical presentations, with substantial inappropriate antimicrobial use. Residents with chronic indwelling catheters experience increased morbidity from urinary tract infection...
August 2016: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301691/guideline-for-prescribing-opioids-for-chronic-pain
#4
Centers For Disease Control And Prevention Public Health Service U S Department Of Health And Human Services
Improving the way opioids are prescribed through clinical practice guidelines can ensure patients have access to safer, more effective chronic pain treatment while reducing the number of people who misuse, abuse, or overdose from these drugs. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) developed and published the Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain to provide recommendations for the prescribing of opioid pain medication for patients 18 and older in primary care settings. Recommendations focus on the use of opioids in treating chronic pain (pain lasting longer than 3 months or past the time of normal tissue healing) outside of active cancer treatment, palliative care, and end-of-life care...
June 2016: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581699/can-botulinum-toxin-help-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#5
Tillmann H C Kruger, Michelle Magid, M Axel Wollmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522233/the-cascade-of-care-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Hannah Alsdurf, Philip C Hill, Alberto Matteelli, Haileyesus Getahun, Dick Menzies
BACKGROUND: WHO estimates that a third of the world's population has latent tuberculosis infection and that less than 5% of those infected are diagnosed and treated to prevent tuberculosis. We aimed to systematically review studies that report the steps from initial tuberculosis screening through to treatment for latent tuberculosis infection, which we call the latent tuberculosis cascade of care. We specifically aimed to assess the number of people lost at each stage of the cascade. METHODS: We did a systematic review and meta-analysis of study-level observational data...
November 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464203/treatment-of-opioid-use-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Marc A Schuckit
This article provides an overview of the current treatment of opioid-related conditions, including treatments provided by general practitioners and by specialists in substance-use disorders. The recent dramatic increase in misuse of prescription analgesics, the easy accessibility of opioids such as..
July 28, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400391/off-label-use-of-quetiapine-in-medical-inpatients-and-postdischarge
#8
Todd C Lee, Ploa Desforges, Jennifer Murray, Ramy R Saleh, Emily G McDonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400458/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-for-chronic-opioid-use-among-opioid-naive-patients-in-the-postoperative-period
#9
Eric C Sun, Beth D Darnall, Laurence C Baker, Sean Mackey
IMPORTANCE: Chronic opioid use imposes a substantial burden in terms of morbidity and economic costs. Whether opioid-naive patients undergoing surgery are at increased risk for chronic opioid use is unknown, as are the potential risk factors for chronic opioid use following surgery. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the risk of chronic opioid use among opioid-naive patients following 1 of 11 surgical procedures compared with nonsurgical patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective analysis of administrative health claims to determine the association between chronic opioid use and surgery among privately insured patients between January 1, 2001, and December 31, 2013...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354046/randomized-comparison-of-intravenous-procainamide-vs-intravenous-amiodarone-for-the-acute-treatment-of-tolerated-wide-qrs-tachycardia-the-procamio-study
#10
Mercedes Ortiz, Alfonso Martín, Fernando Arribas, Blanca Coll-Vinent, Carmen Del Arco, Rafael Peinado, Jesús Almendral
AIMS: Intravenous procainamide and amiodarone are drugs of choice for well-tolerated ventricular tachycardia. However, the choice between them, even according to Guidelines, is unclear. We performed a multicentre randomized open-labelled study to determine the safety and efficacy of intravenous procainamide and amiodarone for the acute treatment of tolerated wide QRS complex (probably ventricular) tachycardia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive intravenous procainamide (10 mg/kg/20 min) or amiodarone (5 mg/kg/20 min)...
June 28, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207191/2016-esc-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-acute-and-chronic-heart-failure-the-task-force-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-acute-and-chronic-heart-failure-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-esc-developed-with-the-special-contribution-of-the
#11
Piotr Ponikowski, Adriaan A Voors, Stefan D Anker, Héctor Bueno, John G F Cleland, Andrew J S Coats, Volkmar Falk, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Ewa A Jankowska, Mariell Jessup, Cecilia Linde, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, John T Parissis, Burkert Pieske, Jillian P Riley, Giuseppe M C Rosano, Luis M Ruilope, Frank Ruschitzka, Frans H Rutten, Peter van der Meer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404696/long-term-administration-of-tolvaptan-increases-myocardial-remodeling-and-mortality-via-exacerbation-of-congestion-in-mice-heart-failure-model-after-myocardial-infarction
#12
Akiyo Eguchi, Toshihiro Iwasaku, Yoshitaka Okuhara, Yoshiro Naito, Toshiaki Mano, Tohru Masuyama, Shinichi Hirotani
BACKGROUND: In contrast to loop diuretics, tolvaptan does not cause neurohormonal activation in several animal heart failure models. However, it remains unknown whether chronic vasopressin type 2 receptor blockade exerts beneficial effects on mortality in murine heart failure after myocardial infarction (MI). In an experimental heart failure model, we tested the hypothesis that tolvaptan reduces myocardial remodeling and mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: MI was induced in 9-week-old male C57Bl6/J by the left coronary artery ligation...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27046320/weight-gain-and-10-year-cardiovascular-risk-with-sustained-tobacco-abstinence-in-smokers-with-serious-mental-illness-a-subgroup-analysis-of-a-randomized-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anne N Thorndike, Eric D Achtyes, Corinne Cather, Sarah Pratt, Gladys N Pachas, Susanne S Hoeppner, A Eden Evins
OBJECTIVE: People with serious mental illness die earlier than those without mental illness, largely from cardiovascular disease due to high rates of smoking and obesity. The objective of this study was to determine whether the metabolic effects of postcessation weight gain among smokers with serious mental illness attenuated the cardiovascular benefit of tobacco abstinence. METHOD: A subgroup analysis was conducted of 65 outpatient smokers with DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar disorder from 10 community mental health centers in 6 states who enrolled between March 2008-April 2012 and completed a trial of varenicline for tobacco abstinence...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26780170/neuropathological-relationship-between-major-depression-and-dementia-a-hypothetical-model-and-review
#14
REVIEW
Helena Kyunghee Kim, Paula Villela Nunes, Katia C Oliveira, L Trevor Young, Beny Lafer
Major depression (MDD) is a chronic psychiatric condition in which patients often show increasing cognitive impairment with recurring episodes. Neurodegeneration may play an important component in the pathogenesis of MDD associated with cognitive complaints. In agreement with this, patients with MDD show decreased brain volumes in areas implicated in emotional regulation and cognition, neuronal and glial cell death as well as activation of various pathways that can contribute to cell death. Therefore, the aim of this review is to provide an integrative overview of potential contributing factors to neurodegeneration in MDD...
June 3, 2016: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418967/short-term-mortality-risk-of-serum-potassium-levels-in-acute-heart-failure-following-myocardial-infarction
#15
Maria Lukács Krogager, Lotti Eggers-Kaas, Kristian Aasbjerg, Rikke Nørmark Mortensen, Lars Køber, Gunnar Gislason, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Peter Søgaard
AIMS: Diuretic treatment is often needed in acute heart failure following myocardial infarction (MI) and carries a risk of abnormal potassium levels. We examined the relation between different levels of potassium and mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: From Danish national registries we identified 2596 patients treated with loop diuretics after their first MI episode where potassium measurement was available within 3 months. All-cause mortality was examined according to seven predefined potassium levels: hypokalaemia <3...
October 2015: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418577/management-of-adults-with-hospital-acquired-and-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-2016-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-and-the-american-thoracic-society
#16
Andre C Kalil, Mark L Metersky, Michael Klompas, John Muscedere, Daniel A Sweeney, Lucy B Palmer, Lena M Napolitano, Naomi P O'Grady, John G Bartlett, Jordi Carratalà, Ali A El Solh, Santiago Ewig, Paul D Fey, Thomas M File, Marcos I Restrepo, Jason A Roberts, Grant W Waterer, Peggy Cruse, Shandra L Knight, Jan L Brozek
It is important to realize that guidelines cannot always account for individual variation among patients. They are not intended to supplant physician judgment with respect to particular patients or special clinical situations. IDSA considers adherence to these guidelines to be voluntary, with the ultimate determination regarding their application to be made by the physician in the light of each patient's individual circumstances.These guidelines are intended for use by healthcare professionals who care for patients at risk for hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), including specialists in infectious diseases, pulmonary diseases, critical care, and surgeons, anesthesiologists, hospitalists, and any clinicians and healthcare providers caring for hospitalized patients with nosocomial pneumonia...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365388/practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-aspergillosis-2016-update-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america
#17
Thomas F Patterson, George R Thompson, David W Denning, Jay A Fishman, Susan Hadley, Raoul Herbrecht, Dimitrios P Kontoyiannis, Kieren A Marr, Vicki A Morrison, M Hong Nguyen, Brahm H Segal, William J Steinbach, David A Stevens, Thomas J Walsh, John R Wingard, Jo-Anne H Young, John E Bennett
It is important to realize that guidelines cannot always account for individual variation among patients. They are not intended to supplant physician judgment with respect to particular patients or special clinical situations. IDSA considers adherence to these guidelines to be voluntary, with the ultimate determination regarding their application to be made by the physician in the light of each patient's individual circumstances.
August 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26728457/alterations-of-hepatic-metabolism-in-chronic-kidney-disease-via-d-box-binding-protein-aggravate-the-renal-dysfunction
#18
Kengo Hamamura, Naoya Matsunaga, Eriko Ikeda, Hideaki Kondo, Hisako Ikeyama, Kazutaka Tokushige, Kazufumi Itcho, Yoko Furuichi, Yuya Yoshida, Masaki Matsuda, Kaori Yasuda, Atsushi Doi, Yoshifumi Yokota, Toshiaki Amamoto, Hironori Aramaki, Yasuhiro Irino, Satoru Koyanagi, Shigehiro Ohdo
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an increase in serum retinol; however, the underlying mechanisms of this disorder are poorly characterized. Here, we found that the alteration of hepatic metabolism induced the accumulation of serum retinol in 5/6 nephrectomy (5/6Nx) mice. The liver is the major organ responsible for retinol metabolism; accordingly, microarray analysis revealed that the hepatic expression of most CYP genes was changed in 5/6Nx mice. In addition, D-box-binding protein (DBP), which controls the expression of several CYP genes, was significantly decreased in these mice...
March 4, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400984/drugs-that-may-cause-or-exacerbate-heart-failure-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#19
Robert L Page, Cindy L O'Bryant, Davy Cheng, Tristan J Dow, Bonnie Ky, C Michael Stein, Anne P Spencer, Robin J Trupp, JoAnn Lindenfeld
Heart failure is a common, costly, and debilitating syndrome that is associated with a highly complex drug regimen, a large number of comorbidities, and a large and often disparate number of healthcare providers. All of these factors conspire to increase the risk of heart failure exacerbation by direct myocardial toxicity, drug-drug interactions, or both. This scientific statement is designed to serve as a comprehensive and accessible source of drugs that may cause or exacerbate heart failure to assist healthcare providers in improving the quality of care for these patients...
August 9, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27211515/adiposity-independent-hypoadiponectinemia-as-a-potential-marker-of-insulin-resistance-and-inflammation-in-schizophrenia-patients-treated-with-second-generation-antipsychotics
#20
Mamta Sapra, Donna Lawson, Ali Iranmanesh, Anjali Varma
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore body fat independent effect of second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) on measures of glucose and adipokine homeostasis, and markers of inflammation. METHOD: Eight non-diabetic men with schizophrenia (age: 55±3years, BMI: 29.7±1.2kg/m(2)) on SGAs were studied after an overnight fast. DXA and single-cut CT of abdomen were respectively used for the assessment of total body and abdominal fat. Blood samples were collected for measurements of glucose, insulin, leptin, adiponectin, C-reactive protein (CRP), and TNF-α...
July 2016: Schizophrenia Research
label_collection
label_collection
7021
1
2
2016-07-19 16:39:38
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"