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Medicina interna

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7 papers 0 to 25 followers
Marine Hugonnard, Karine Chalvet-Monfray, Jérémy Dernis, Céline Pouzot-Nevoret, Anthony Barthélémy, Jacquemine Vialard, Isabelle Goy-Thollot
The incidence of catheter-associated urinary tract infections in cats catheterised for an obstructive lower urinary tract disease (LUTD) has not previously been evaluated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency of significant bacteriuria in cats with obstructive LUTD managed for 48 h with a closed urine collection system. Eighteen male cats admitted for a non-infectious obstructive LUTD were evaluated. This was a prospective study. A standard protocol was used for aseptic catheter placement and maintenance...
October 2013: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
L J Davison
Diabetes mellitus and pancreatitis are two distinct diseases encountered commonly in small animal practice. Whilst the clinical signs of diabetes mellitus are usually unmistakeable, a firm diagnosis of pancreatitis can prove more elusive, as clinical signs are often variable. Over the past 10 to 15 years, despite the fact that the clinical signs of diabetes mellitus are remarkably consistent, it has become more apparent that the underlying pathology of diabetes mellitus in dogs and cats is heterogeneous, with exocrine pancreatic inflammation accompanying diabetes mellitus in a number of cases...
January 2015: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Rebecka S Hess
In diabetic dogs, many concurrent diseases can cause resistance to exogenous insulin. The most common concurrent disorders in diabetic dogs are hyperadrenocorticism, urinary tract infection, acute pancreatitis, neoplasia, and hypothyroidism. When a concurrent disorder is treated, the insulin dose should be decreased to avoid possible hypoglycemia when an underlying cause of insulin resistance is removed. Hormonal disturbances have been observed in obese dogs, but the clinical significance of these changes is not known...
March 2010: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
Rebecka S Hess, Kenneth J Drobatz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of twice-daily glargine insulin administration in dogs with diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: Open-label, prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: 10 dogs with naturally occurring diabetes mellitus. PROCEDURES: Dogs with poorly regulated or newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus were enrolled if their owners agreed to return them to the hospital at 1- to 3-week intervals for 4 follow-up visits. During each follow-up visit, blood glucose concentrations were measured every 2 hours for at least 10 hours after feeding a diet high in insoluble fiber and after administration of glargine insulin (time 0)...
October 15, 2013: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Richard W Nelson, Claudia E Reusch
Diabetes mellitus is a common disease in dogs and cats. The most common form of diabetes in dogs resembles type 1 diabetes in humans. Studies suggest that genetics, an immune-mediated component, and environmental factors are involved in the development of diabetes in dogs. A variant of gestational diabetes also occurs in dogs. The most common form of diabetes in cats resembles type 2 diabetes in humans. A major risk factor in cats is obesity. Obese cats have altered expression of several insulin signaling genes and glucose transporters and are leptin resistant...
September 2014: Journal of Endocrinology
Hsin-I Chou, Kuan-Sheng Chen, Hsien-Chi Wang, Wei-Ming Lee
OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of cranberry extract on development of urinary tract infection (UTI) in dogs and on adherence of Escherichia coli to Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. ANIMALS: 12 client-owned dogs (in vivo experiment) and 6 client-owned dogs (in vitro experiment). PROCEDURES: 12 dogs with a history of recurrent UTI received an antimicrobial (n = 6) or cranberry extract (6) orally for 6 months. Dogs were monitored for a UTI...
April 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
M J Day, M C Horzinek, R D Schultz, R A Squires
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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