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Scott C Howard, Deborah P Jones, Ching-Hon Pui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2011: New England Journal of Medicine
Jeff D Williamson, Mark A Supiano, William B Applegate, Dan R Berlowitz, Ruth C Campbell, Glenn M Chertow, Larry J Fine, William E Haley, Amret T Hawfield, Joachim H Ix, Dalane W Kitzman, John B Kostis, Marie A Krousel-Wood, Lenore J Launer, Suzanne Oparil, Carlos J Rodriguez, Christianne L Roumie, Ronald I Shorr, Kaycee M Sink, Virginia G Wadley, Paul K Whelton, Jeffrey Whittle, Nancy F Woolard, Jackson T Wright, Nicholas M Pajewski
IMPORTANCE: The appropriate treatment target for systolic blood pressure (SBP) in older patients with hypertension remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of intensive (<120 mm Hg) compared with standard (<140 mm Hg) SBP targets in persons aged 75 years or older with hypertension but without diabetes. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A multicenter, randomized clinical trial of patients aged 75 years or older who participated in the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT)...
June 28, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Mehmet Uluğ, Mustafa Kemal Celen, Celal Ayaz, Mehmet Faruk Geyik, Salih Hoşoğlu
Infectious Mononucleosis (IM), a benign lymphoproliferative disease, is the best known clinical syndrome caused by Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV). It usually resolves over a period of weeks or months without sequelae but may occasionally be complicated by a wide variety of neurologic, hematologic, hepatic, respiratory, and psychological complications. In this report we describe a patient with acute hepatitis following EBV-IM in a previously healthy woman. A 26-year-old woman who presented with fever, generalized weakness, nausea, sore throat, yellowing of skin, and a generalized skin rash was admitted to our clinic...
October 28, 2010: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
T D Miale, J L Barbosa, C T Dellinger, S L Wolfson
The early detection and treatment of two cases of acute monocytic leukemia (AMoL) was hampered by the presence of positive slide tests for infectious mononucleosis (IM). This assumes great importance with the recent development of specific therapy, effective for certain subtypes of nonlymphocytic leukemia.
1978: Medical and Pediatric Oncology
Burke A Cunha, Nardeen Mickail, Marianne Laguerre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2012: Journal of Infection
N Elias, E Sabo, J E Naschitz, D Yeshurun, I Misselevich, J H Boss
An elderly woman presented with abdominal discomfort, pulmonary infiltrates, acute renal failure, purpura, and massive hematochezia. Numerous colonic ulcers with underlying fibrinoid necrotizing arteritis were found in the colectomy specimen. Anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies and HCV RNA were present in the serum. The diagnosis of HCV-associated polyarteritis nodosa was clear. This clinical presentation differs from the more commonly occurring vasculitis complicating HCV infection, which is of the leukocytoclastic type, and is associated with overt liver disease and cryoglobulinemia...
April 1998: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Mazen Albeldawi, Varun Gaur, Luke Weber
A 61-year-old male presents to the emergency room with complaints of fatigue, dizziness and bright red blood per rectum (BRBPR) for 2 days. Past medical history was significant for gastroesophageal reflux disease, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) induced ulcer, and end-stage renal disease (GFR < 30) status post 2 failed renal grafts. Pertinent medications include pantoprazole and sodium polystyrene sulfonate in sorbitol (Kayexalate 30 g/d orally). On esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) there was a single shallow, flat, non-bleeding gastric ulcer (3 mm) in the pre-pyloric region of the stomach with no stigmata of bleeding...
August 2014: Gastroenterology Report
Jorge Bizet, Chad J Cooper, Marc J Zuckerman, Alireza Torabi, Antonio Mendoza-Ladd
INTRODUCTION: Invasive Aspergillus commonly involves the lungs, but can also affect other organs such as the skin, adrenal glands, central nervous system, liver, spleen and the gastrointestinal tract. Gastrointestinal aspergillosis is rare and is most often discovered in immunocompromised patients. There is only one other case report to our knowledge that describes the diagnosis being discovered on histopathological analysis of endoscopic biopsies of necrotic ulcers. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old Hispanic woman presented with septic shock secondary to extensive Fournier gangrene that required multiple surgical debridement of the perineal and retroperitoneal area...
2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Anil B Nagar
Isolated ulcers of the large intestine are not associated with an underlying colitis and may be an incidental finding on screening colonoscopy or present with abdominal pain, hematochezia, chronic gastrointestinal bleeding, and rarely, perforation. A common cause of isolated colonic ulcers is the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), with ulcers in the cecum and right colon. Isolated rectal ulcers are caused by ischemia, solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS), radiation, or fecal impaction. Stercoral ulceration and nonspecific ulcers of the colon are rare but can cause colonic perforation...
October 2007: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Ping-Hsiu Wu, Kuang-En Chu, Yu-Min Lin, Shu-Han Huang, Chin-Chu Wu
Primary gastrointestinal T-cell lymphoma is an uncommon entity and primary colon T-cell lymphoma is even rarer. The majority of enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphomas present predominantly as ulcers or strictures in the endoscopic examinations, while primary B-cell lymphomas commonly present as exophytic lesions. Ulcerative colon T-cell lymphoma may mimic Crohn's disease (CD), which is a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines with ulcer and fistula formations difficult for clinicians to diagnose based on endoscopic observations alone...
May 2015: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Molly McVey, Brenda Hoffman, Andrew Brock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Momoko Akashi, Takayuki Ando, Takeru Hamashima, Hiroki Yoshita, Sohachi Nanjo, Hiroshi Mihara, Haruka Fujinami, Shinya Kajiura, Jun Nishikawa, Yoshiaki Miura, Ayumu Hosokawa, Toshiro Sugiyama
The diagnosis of NSAID-induced colon ulcers is difficult when the distribution or endoscopic findings are not typical. An 83-year-old woman was transferred to our hospital for hemorrhagic diarrhea. Colonoscopy showed multiple ulcers in the entire colon, particularly longitudinal ulcers in the transverse colon. These were unusual for NSAID-induced colopathy, although she had been on meloxicam. However, capsule endoscopy revealed multiple scars and erosions, characteristic of NSAIDs users. The final diagnosis was NSAID-induced enteropathy, and all lesions were in remission after meloxicam discontinuation...
2015: Internal Medicine
Mervyn Singer, Clifford S Deutschman, Christopher Warren Seymour, Manu Shankar-Hari, Djillali Annane, Michael Bauer, Rinaldo Bellomo, Gordon R Bernard, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Craig M Coopersmith, Richard S Hotchkiss, Mitchell M Levy, John C Marshall, Greg S Martin, Steven M Opal, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Tom van der Poll, Jean-Louis Vincent, Derek C Angus
IMPORTANCE: Definitions of sepsis and septic shock were last revised in 2001. Considerable advances have since been made into the pathobiology (changes in organ function, morphology, cell biology, biochemistry, immunology, and circulation), management, and epidemiology of sepsis, suggesting the need for reexamination. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and, as needed, update definitions for sepsis and septic shock. PROCESS: A task force (n = 19) with expertise in sepsis pathobiology, clinical trials, and epidemiology was convened by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine...
February 23, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Harisios Tjionas, Amit K Gupta
Carfilzomib is a proteasome inhibitor and immunomodulator used to treat patients with multiple myeloma who have disease progression refractory to bortezomib. The difference in agents is that carfilzomib is an irreversible inhibitor of 20 s proteasome. The most common side effects of carfilzomib are fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, anemia, thrombocytopenia, dyspnea, and pyrexia. Less frequent side effects include cardiac manifestations for which we will explore with more detail. In this case report, we describe a 70-year-old female with multiple myeloma presenting to the emergency department with complaint of dyspnea...
March 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Julie W Rutten, Hans G Dauwerse, Dorien J M Peters, Andrew Goldfarb, Hanka Venselaar, Christof Haffner, Gert-Jan B van Ommen, Annemieke M Aartsma-Rus, Saskia A J Lesnik Oberstein
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy, or CADASIL, is a hereditary cerebral small vessel disease caused by characteristic cysteine altering missense mutations in the NOTCH3 gene. NOTCH3 mutations in CADASIL result in an uneven number of cysteine residues in one of the 34 epidermal growth factor like-repeat (EGFr) domains of the NOTCH3 protein. The consequence of an unpaired cysteine residue in an EGFr domain is an increased multimerization tendency of mutant NOTCH3, leading to toxic accumulation of the protein in the (cerebro)vasculature, and ultimately reduced cerebral blood flow, recurrent stroke and vascular dementia...
April 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
K D Sethi, B Patel, K J Meador
Metoclopramide hydrochloride (Reglan) is a widely prescribed drug for treatment of upper gastrointestinal symptoms. Although the drug is relatively safe, a growing body of literature has noted movement disorders after its administration. We have reported six cases of metoclopramide-induced parkinsonism seen in consultation over a two-year period. Five of these six patients had renal failure. Their parkinsonism improved on discontinuation of metoclopramide therapy. Metoclopramide-induced parkinsonism is not rare, and appropriate dose reduction in patients with renal failure will help reduce the incidence of this morbidity...
December 1989: Southern Medical Journal
Ciro Ramos-Estebanez, Ignacio Moral-Arce, Andres Gonzalez-Mandly, Vinoop Dhagubatti, Jesus Gonzalez-Macias, Roberto Munoz, Jose Luis Hernadez-Hernandez
BACKGROUND: ischaemic cerebrovascular small vessel disease (SVD) is a prevalent and under-diagnosed condition that triggers vascular cognitive impairment (VCI). OBJECTIVE: to describe the neuropsychological and clinical profiles in SVD (Binswanger's disease, BD; lacunar state, LS) from the clinician's perspective at the VCI stage. METHODS: a total of 1257 patients admitted to a tertiary center with a diagnosis of stroke, neuroradiological vascular disease, cognitive impairment/dementia, during a 13-year period were investigated...
March 2011: Age and Ageing
Sanjay Tanday
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Carrie Armstrong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2014: American Family Physician
2016-05-13 20:21:14
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