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Daniel Brock Hewitt, Sami S Tannouri, Richard A Burkhart, Randi Altmark, Scott D Goldstein, Gerald A Isenberg, Benjamin R Phillips, Charles J Yeo, Scott W Cowan
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) cause significant patient morbidity and increase costs. This work prospectively examines our institutional effort to reduce SSIs through a resident-driven quality initiative. METHODS: A general surgery resident-championed, evidenced-based care bundle for patients undergoing colorectal surgery at a single academic institution was developed using attending mentorship. National Surgical Quality Improvement Program definitions for SSIs were used...
January 2017: American Journal of Surgery
Charles E Edmiston, Cheong J Lee, Candace J Krepel, Maureen Spencer, David Leaper, Kellie R Brown, Brian D Lewis, Peter J Rossi, Michael J Malinowski, Gary R Seabrook
IMPORTANCE: To reduce the amount of skin surface bacteria for patients undergoing elective surgery, selective health care facilities have instituted a preadmission antiseptic skin cleansing protocol using chlorhexidine gluconate. A Cochrane Collaborative review suggests that existing data do not justify preoperative skin cleansing as a strategy to reduce surgical site infection. OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate the efficacy of a standardized preadmission showering protocol that optimizes skin surface concentrations of chlorhexidine gluconate and to compare the findings with the design and methods of published studies on preoperative skin preparation...
November 2015: JAMA Surgery
Pedro Silva
Recent debates and guidelines are suggesting back and forth motion to be the optimal preoperative technique for skin preparation. There is a lack of conclusive evidence showing this to be the case, but it may be reasonable to follow this technique, in preference to the widely used concentric circles motion, as the antiseptic agent will reach deeper cell layers of the skin where most of the microbes are found.
December 2014: Journal of Perioperative Practice
Rabih O Darouiche, Matthew J Wall, Kamal M F Itani, Mary F Otterson, Alexandra L Webb, Matthew M Carrick, Harold J Miller, Samir S Awad, Cynthia T Crosby, Michael C Mosier, Atef Alsharif, David H Berger
BACKGROUND: Since the patient's skin is a major source of pathogens that cause surgical-site infection, optimization of preoperative skin antisepsis may decrease postoperative infections. We hypothesized that preoperative skin cleansing with chlorhexidine-alcohol is more protective against infection than is povidone-iodine. METHODS: We randomly assigned adults undergoing clean-contaminated surgery in six hospitals to preoperative skin preparation with either chlorhexidine-alcohol scrub or povidone-iodine scrub and paint...
January 7, 2010: New England Journal of Medicine
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