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Marc A Levitt, Kellie L Mathis, John H Pemberton
Functional constipation is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders. In both children and adults, most patients are managed conservatively with good results. In this review, we focus on the surgical approach to constipation. Patients who lack the capacity to consistently have voluntary bowel movements may need mechanical emptying of the colon through an enema program; for them, surgery to allow for antegrade enemas, (via the appendix or using a button device) is useful. Those patients with severe constipation not responsive to intense medical treatment may be candidates for other surgical interventions, such as resection of the dysfunctional colonic segment (rectosigmoid or whole colon), or plication, -pexy, and STARR techniques for evacuatory disorders secondary to obstructive anatomical features...
February 2011: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
Han Seung Ryu, Suck Chei Choi
The treatment of constipation aims to regulate the frequency and quantity of stool in order to promote successful defecation. Numerous studies on pharmacologic treatments and non-pharmacologic therapies for constipation have attempted to overcome limitations such as temporary and insufficient efficacy. Conventional laxatives have less adverse effects and are inexpensive, but often have limited efficacy. Recently developed enterokinetic agents and intestinal secretagogues have received attention owing to their high efficacies and low incidences of adverse events...
October 2015: Intestinal Research
Moo In Park, Jeong Eun Shin, Seung Jae Myung, Kyu Chan Huh, Chang Hwan Choi, Sung Ae Jung, Suck Chei Choi, Chong Il Sohn, Myung Gyu Choi
While constipation is a common symptom in Korea, there are no existing treatment guidelines. Although constipation may occur as a result of organic cause, there is no obstructive mucosal or structural cause in the vast majority of patients with constipation. The present paper deals with only the management of functional constipation: lifestyle changes; bulking agents and stool softeners; osmotic agents; stimulant laxatives; prokinetics; biofeedback and surgical treatments. Exercise and dietary fiber are helpful in some patients with constipation...
February 2011: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Mohamed Faried, Ayman El Nakeeb, Mohamed Youssef, Waleed Omar, Hisham Abd El Monem
PURPOSE: This study came to compare the results of biofeedback retraining biofeedback (BFB), botulinum toxin botulinum type A (BTX-A) injection and partial division of puborectalis (PDPR) in the treatment of anismus patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients treated for anismus fulfilled Rome II criteria for functional constipation at our institution were evaluated for inclusion. Participants were randomly allocated to receive BFB, BTX-A injection, and PDPR...
August 2010: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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