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Suicide: ParuchMD

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30 papers 25 to 100 followers All studies related to suicide. @ParuchMD #ParuchMD
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
Jennifer Ma, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Jin Han
CONTEXT: Since the development of the Interpersonal Psychological Theory (IPTS; Joiner, 2005), a growing body of literature has emerged testing different aspects of the theory across a range of populations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify support for the IPTS, and critical gaps in the evidence base, by systematically reviewing current evidence testing the effects of thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired capability on suicide ideation and attempt...
June 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
Carol Coupland, Trevor Hill, Richard Morriss, Antony Arthur, Michael Moore, Julia Hippisley-Cox
OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations between different antidepressant treatments and the rates of suicide and attempted suicide or self harm in people with depression. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Patients registered with UK general practices contributing data to the QResearch database. PARTICIPANTS: 238,963 patients aged 20 to 64 years with a first diagnosis of depression between 1 January 2000 and 31 July 2011, followed up until 1 August 2012...
February 18, 2015: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Francesca Guzzetta, Leonardo Tondo, Franca Centorrino, Ross J Baldessarini
OBJECTIVE: Evidence that clinical treatment reduces suicide risk in major depressive disorder (MDD) is limited and inconsistent. Since lithium shows major antisuicidal effects in bipolar disorders and in heterogeneous mood disorder samples, we evaluated evidence of antisuicidal effects of lithium in patients with recurrent MDD. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE (January 1966 to April 2006; search terms: lithium, suicide, affective disorder, depression, major depression, and mood disorder) for studies reporting suicides or suicide attempts during treatment with and without lithium in recurrent MDD patients, and we added data for 78 new subjects, provided from the Lucio Bini Mood Disorders Research Center in Sardinia, Italy...
March 2007: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
G W Blair-West, C H Cantor, G W Mellsop, M L Eyeson-Annan
BACKGROUND: Recent work has demonstrated that the lifetime suicide risk for patients with DSM IV Major Depression cannot mathematically approximate the accepted figure of 15%. Gender and age significantly affect both the prevalence of major depression and suicide risk. METHODS: Gender and age stratified calculations were made on the entire population of the USA in 1994 using a mathematical algorithm. Sex specific corrections for under-reporting were incorporated into the design...
October 1999: Journal of Affective Disorders
Brian A Palmer, V Shane Pankratz, John Michael Bostwick
BACKGROUND: The psychiatry literature routinely quotes a lifetime schizophrenia suicide prevalence of 10% based on 1 meta-analysis and 2 studies of chronic schizophrenics. OBJECTIVES: To build a methodology for extrapolating lifetime suicide prevalence estimates from published cohorts and to apply this approach to studies that meet inclusion criteria. DATA SOURCES: We began with a MEDLINE search (1966-present) for articles that observed cohorts of schizophrenic patients...
March 2005: Archives of General Psychiatry
S G Siris
Suicide and suicide attempts occur at a significantly greater rate in schizophrenia than in the general population. Common estimates are that 10% of people with schizophrenia will eventually have a completed suicide, and that attempts are made at two to five times that rate. Demographically associated with suicidality in schizophrenia are being young, being early in the course of the illness, being male, coming from a high socioeconomic family background, having high intelligence, having high expectations, not being married, lacking social supports, having awareness of symptoms, and being recently discharged from the hospital...
June 2001: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Gregory E Simon, James Savarino, Belinda Operskalski, Philip S Wang
OBJECTIVE: In March 2004 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warned physicians and patients regarding increased risk of suicide with 10 newer antidepressant drugs. Available data leave considerable uncertainty regarding actual risk of suicide attempt and death by suicide during antidepressant treatment. The authors used population-based data to evaluate the risk of suicide death and serious suicide attempt in relation to initiation of antidepressant treatment. METHOD: Computerized health plan records were used to identify 65,103 patients with 82,285 episodes of antidepressant treatment between Jan...
January 2006: American Journal of Psychiatry
Klara Latalova, Dana Kamaradova, Jan Prasko
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death in patients with bipolar disorder. Risk factors and prevention of suicide in this illness are the focus of considerable current research. METHODS: MEDLINE data base was searched for the key words "bipolar disorder" with "suicide", "lithium" with "suicide", "anticonvulsants" with "bipolar disorder", and "anticonvulsants" with "bipolar disorder" and with "suicide". No language or time constraints were applied. The lists of references were searched manually to find additional articles...
June 2014: Psychiatria Danubina
D A Brent, J Bridge, B A Johnson, J Connolly
BACKGROUND: While previous studies have shown an increased rate of suicidal behavior in the relatives of suicide victims, it is unclear if this is attributable merely to increased familial rates of psychiatric disorders. Therefore, we conducted a family study of adolescent suicide victims (suicide probands) and community control probands (controls) to determine if the rates of suicidal behavior were higher in the relatives of adolescent suicide probands even after adjusting for differences in the familial rates of psychiatric disorders...
December 1996: Archives of General Psychiatry
Eva S Schernhammer, Graham A Colditz
OBJECTIVE: Physicians' suicide rates have repeatedly been reported to be higher than those of the general population or other academics, but uncertainty remains. In this study, physicians' suicide rate ratios were estimated with a meta-analysis and systematic quality assessment of recent studies. METHOD: Studies of physicians' suicide rates were located in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, AARP Ageline, and the EBM Reviews: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews with the terms "physicians," "doctors," "suicide," and "mortality...
December 2004: American Journal of Psychiatry
A Colin, J Reggers, V Castronovo, M Ansseau
UNLABELLED: Polyunsatured fatty acids are made out of a hydrocarbonated chain of variable length with several double bonds. The position of the first double bond (omega) differentiates polyunsatured omega 3 fatty acids (for example: alpha-linolenic acid or alpha-LNA) and polyunsatured omega 6 fatty acids (for example: linoleic acid or LA). These two classes of fatty acids are said to be essential because they cannot be synthetised by the organism and have to be taken from alimentation...
January 2003: L'Encéphale
K R Jamison
Suicide, which is both a stereotypic yet highly individualized act, is a common endpoint for many patients with severe psychiatric illness. The mood disorders (depression and bipolar manic-depression) are by far the most common psychiatric conditions associated with suicide. At least 25% to 50% of patients with bipolar disorder also attempt suicide at least once. With the exception of lithium--which is the most demonstrably effective treatment against suicide-remarkably little is known about specific contributions of mood-altering treatments to minimizing mortality rates in persons with major mood disorders in general and bipolar depression in particular...
2000: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Jeffrey A Bridge, Tina R Goldstein, David A Brent
This review examines the descriptive epidemiology, and risk and protective factors for youth suicide and suicidal behavior. A model of youth suicidal behavior is articulated, whereby suicidal behavior ensues as a result of an interaction of socio-cultural, developmental, psychiatric, psychological, and family-environmental factors. On the basis of this review, clinical and public health approaches to the reduction in youth suicide and recommendations for further research will be discussed.
March 2006: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
David A Brent, J John Mann
The extant adoption, twin, and family studies of suicide and suicidal behavior are reviewed. Suicidal behavior is highly familial, and on the basis of twin and adoption studies, heritable as well. Both completed and attempted suicide form part of the clinical phenotype that is familially transmitted, as rates of suicide attempt are elevated in the family members of suicide completers, and completion rates are elevated in the family members of attempters. A family history of suicidal behavior is associated with suicidal behavior in the proband, even after adjusting for presence of psychiatric disorders in the proband and family, indicating transmission of attempt that is distinct from family transmission of psychiatric disorder...
February 15, 2005: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
Jari Tiihonen, Jouko Lönnqvist, Kristian Wahlbeck, Timo Klaukka, Antti Tanskanen, Jari Haukka
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if antidepressant treatment is associated with either increased or decreased risk of suicide. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of suicide, attempted suicide, and overall mortality during antidepressant treatments in a real-life setting with high statistical power. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cohort study in which all subjects without psychosis, hospitalized because of a suicide attempt from January 1, 1997, to December 31, 2003, in Finland, were followed up through a nationwide computerized database...
December 2006: Archives of General Psychiatry
Edward Chesney, Guy M Goodwin, Seena Fazel
A meta-review, or review of systematic reviews, was conducted to explore the risks of all-cause and suicide mortality in major mental disorders. A systematic search generated 407 relevant reviews, of which 20 reported mortality risks in 20 different mental disorders and included over 1.7 million patients and over a quarter of a million deaths. All disorders had an increased risk of all-cause mortality compared with the general population, and many had mortality risks larger than or comparable to heavy smoking...
June 2014: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
E C Harris, B Barraclough
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders have a strong association with suicide. This meta-analysis, or statistical overview, of the literature gives an estimate of the suicide risk of the common mental disorders. METHOD: We searched the medical literature to find reports on the mortality of mental disorders. English language reports were located on MEDLINE (1966-1993) with the search terms mental disorders', 'brain injury', 'eating disorders', 'epilepsy', 'suicide attempt', 'psychosurgery', with 'mortality' and 'follow-up studies', and from the reference lists of these reports...
March 1997: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Katie Dhingra, Daniel Boduszek, Rory C O'Connor
Suicidal behaviours are highly complex, multi-determined phenomena. Despite this, historically research has tended to focus on bivariate associations between atheoretical demographic and/or psychiatric factors and suicidal behaviour. The aim of this study was to empirically test the Integrated Motivational-Volitional model of suicidal behaviour using structural equation modelling. Healthy adults (N=1809) completed anonymous self-report surveys. The fit of the proposed model was good, and explained 79% of variance in defeat, 83% of variance in entrapment, 61% of variance in suicidal ideation, and 27% of variance in suicide attempts...
May 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
D Luke Glancy Md
Apparently depression ran in this man's family, and when he took an overdose of his tricyclic antidepressant, he also took the tricyclics of his mother and his sister. Most patients who die of an overdose of a tricyclic antidepressant are pronounced dead without reaching a hospital, and those who die after arriving in the emergency room do so within a few hours.2 Central nervous system toxicity of tricyclic antidepressants may manifest as confusion, agitation, hallucinations, coma, myoclonus, or seizures. Generalized seizures often presage cardiopulmonary arrest,2 and within 20 seconds of the ECG with evidence of generalized seizure activity shown here, the QRS duration increased from 188 ms to 212 ms, and the patient died soon thereafter...
March 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
Gerard Leavey, Michael Rosato, Karen Galway, Lynette Hughes, Sharon Mallon, Janeet Rondon
BACKGROUND: Contact with primary care and psychiatric services prior to suicide may be considerable, presenting opportunities for intervention. However, there is scant knowledge on the frequency, nature and determinants of contact. METHOD: Retrospective cohort study-an analysis of deaths recorded as suicide by the Northern Ireland Coroner's Office linked with data from General Practice patient records over a 2 year period RESULTS: Eighty-seven per cent of suicides were in contact with General Practice services in the 12 months before suicide...
April 30, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
2016-05-08 22:17:09
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