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preterm nutrition

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7 papers 0 to 25 followers
Pinkal Patel, Jatinder Bhatia
Preterm infants, especially very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 g) infants, are susceptible to growth failure in postnatal life if nutritional demands are not met. Poor postnatal growth in preterm infants is associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes during childhood. Early parental nutrition is of paramount importance to provide appropriate protein and energy in VLBW infants when enteral nutrition is not feasible or is suboptimal. An "early and aggressive" approach of parenteral nutrition in preterm infants has been shown to prevent protein catabolism, induce positive nitrogen balance and improve postnatal growth...
February 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
William W Hay, Kendra C Hendrickson
Whereas human milk is the recommended diet for all infants, preterm formulas are indicated for enteral feeding of preterm very low birth weight infants when sufficient maternal breast milk and donor human milk are not available. Feeding with preterm formulas helps to ensure consistent delivery of nutrients. The balance of risks and benefits of feeding preterm formulas versus supplemented maternal and donor breast milk for preterm infants, however, is uncertain. Numerous studies and extensive practice have shown improved growth with preterm formulas, but there is concern for increased risks of necrotizing enterocolitis, possibly from cow milk antigen in the formulas or from different gut microbiomes, increased duration of total parenteral nutrition, and increased rates of sepsis in infants receiving preterm formulas...
February 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
David H Adamkin, Richard A Polin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Willemijn E Corpeleijn, Marita de Waard, Viola Christmann, Johannes B van Goudoever, Marijke C Jansen-van der Weide, Elisabeth M W Kooi, Jan F Koper, Stefanie M P Kouwenhoven, Hendrik N Lafeber, Elise Mank, Letty van Toledo, Marijn J Vermeulen, Ineke van Vliet, Diny van Zoeren-Grobben
IMPORTANCE: Infections and necrotizing enterocolitis, major causes of mortality and morbidity in preterm infants, are reduced in infants fed their own mother's milk when compared with formula. When own mother's milk is not available, human donor milk is considered a good alternative, albeit an expensive one. However, most infants at modern neonatal intensive care units are predominantly fed with own mother's milk. The benefits of add-on donor milk over formula are not clear. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether providing donor milk instead of formula as supplemental feeding whenever own mother's milk is insufficiently available during the first 10 days of life reduces the incidence of serious infection, necrotizing enterocolitis, and mortality...
July 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Mangesh Deshmukh, Hari Balasubramanian, Sanjay Patole
BACKGROUND: A delayed passage of meconium is considered as a risk factor for feed intolerance in preterm neonates. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to review the effects of different therapeutic agents for meconium evacuation on feed tolerance in preterm neonates. METHODS: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of different therapeutic agents for meconium evacuation in preterm neonates (gestation <32 weeks and/or birth weight <1,500 g) using the Cochrane systematic review methodology was undertaken...
2016: Neonatology
William Oh
Recent advances in medical knowledge and technology have markedly improved the survival rates of very low birth weight infants. Optimizing the neuro-developmental outcomes of these survivors has become an important priority in neonatal care, which includes appropriate management for achieving fluid and electrolyte balance. This review focuses on the principles of providing maintenance fluid to these infants, including careful assessment to avoid excessive fluid administration that may increase the risk of such neonatal morbidities as necrotizing enterocolitis, patent ductus arteriosus, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)...
December 2012: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Sanket D Shah, Narendra Dereddy, Tamekia L Jones, Ramasubbareddy Dhanireddy, Ajay J Talati
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of initiating human milk fortification at 2 different feeding volumes on feeding intolerance and the time to reach full feeding volume. STUDY DESIGN: Very low birth weight infants (n = 100) were prospectively randomized to early fortification (EF) (beginning at a feeding volume of 20 mL/kg/d) or delayed fortification (at a feeding volume of 100 mL/kg/d). We employed a standardized feeding protocol and parenteral nutrition guidelines for the nutritional management of all study infants...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
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