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Andres Cardenas, Angela Mendez-Bocanegra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Annals of Hepatology
Ángelo Zambam de Mattos, Angelo Alves de Mattos, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
 Renal failure in cirrhotic patients is a very severe condition. Hepatorenal syndrome has the worst prognosis among all causes of kidney failure in such patients. Hepatorenal syndrome is diagnosed especially in cirrhotic patients with ascites who develop loss renal function, despite diuretic suspension and volume expansion with albumin and for whom other causes of kidney injury have been excluded. Patients with hepatorenal syndrome should be treated with a vasoconstrictor in combination with albumin as a bridge to receiving a liver transplant...
July 2016: Annals of Hepatology
Antonín Parízek, Patrik Simják, Andrej Cerný, Alena Sestinová, Anna Zdenková, Martin Hill, Michaela Dusková, Radovan Vlk, Zuzana Kokrdová, Michal Koucký, Libor Vítek
UNLABELLED:  Background and aims. Patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) benefit from ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) treatment. Since there is still certain reluctance to use UDCA in pregnant women, mainly due to warnings in the official SPC information in respective drug leaflets, our objective was to assess the efficacy and safety of UDCA during pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our retrospective multicentric study was performed on 191 consecutive pregnant women with ICP treated with UDCA...
September 2016: Annals of Hepatology
Loren Laine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Katsuhiko Iwakiri, Yoshikazu Kinoshita, Yasuki Habu, Tadayuki Oshima, Noriaki Manabe, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Akihito Nagahara, Osamu Kawamura, Ryuichi Iwakiri, Soji Ozawa, Kiyoshi Ashida, Shuichi Ohara, Hideyuki Kashiwagi, Kyoichi Adachi, Kazuhide Higuchi, Hiroto Miwa, Kazuma Fujimoto, Motoyasu Kusano, Yoshio Hoshihara, Tatsuyuki Kawano, Ken Haruma, Michio Hongo, Kentaro Sugano, Mamoru Watanabe, Tooru Shimosegawa
As an increase in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been reported in Japan, and public interest in GERD has been increasing, the Japanese Society of Gastroenterology published the Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines for GERD (1st edition) in 2009. Six years have passed since its publication, and there have been a large number of reports in Japan concerning the epidemiology, pathophysiology, treatment, and Barrett's esophagus during this period. By incorporating the contents of these reports, the guidelines were completely revised, and a new edition was published in October 2015...
August 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
E Bugianesi, C Rosso, H Cortez-Pinto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Srinivasan Dasarathy, Manuela Merli
Sarcopenia or loss of skeletal muscle mass is the major component of malnutrition and is a frequent complication in cirrhosis that adversely affects clinical outcomes. These include survival, quality of life, development of other complications and post liver transplantation survival. Radiological image analysis is currently utilized to diagnose sarcopenia in cirrhosis. Nutrient supplementation and physical activity are used to counter sarcopenia but have not been consistently effective because the underlying molecular and metabolic abnormalities persist or are not influenced by these treatments...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Lawrence R Schiller, Darrell S Pardi, Joseph H Sellin
Chronic diarrhea is a common problem affecting up to 5% of the population at a given time. Patients vary in their definition of diarrhea, citing loose stool consistency, increased frequency, urgency of bowel movements, or incontinence as key symptoms. Physicians have used increased frequency of defecation or increased stool weight as major criteria and distinguish acute diarrhea, often due to self-limited, acute infections, from chronic diarrhea, which has a broader differential diagnosis, by duration of symptoms; 4 weeks is a frequently used cutoff...
August 2, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Chalermrat Bunchorntavakul, Naichaya Chamroonkul, Disaya Chavalitdhamrong
Bacterial infection is common and accounts for major morbidity and mortality in cirrhosis. Patients with cirrhosis are immunocompromised and increased susceptibility to develop spontaneous bacterial infections, hospital-acquired infections, and a variety of infections from uncommon pathogens. Once infection develops, the excessive response of pro-inflammatory cytokines on a pre-existing hemodynamic dysfunction in cirrhosis further predispose the development of serious complications such as shock, acute-on-chronic liver failure, renal failure, and death...
February 28, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Rita F Redberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Ynto S de Boer, Andrzej S Kosinski, Thomas J Urban, Zhen Zhao, Nanye Long, Naga Chalasani, David E Kleiner, Jay H Hoofnagle
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) has features similar to those of other liver diseases, including autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). We aimed to characterize the clinical and autoimmune features of liver injury caused by nitrofurantoin, minocycline, methyldopa, or hydralazine. METHODS: We analyzed data from 88 cases of DILI attributed to nitrofurantoin, minocycline, methyldopa, or hydralazine included in the Drug-Induced Liver Injury Network (DILIN) prospective study from 2004 through 2014...
June 13, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Joshua A Greenberg, Jonathan Hsu, Mohammad Bawazeer, John Marshall, Jan O Friedrich, Avery Nathens, Natalie Coburn, Gary R May, Emily Pearsall, Robin S McLeod
There has been an increase in the incidence of acute pancreatitis reported worldwide. Despite improvements in access to care, imaging and interventional techniques, acute pancreatitis continues to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite the availability of clinical practice guidelines for the management of acute pancreatitis, recent studies auditing the clinical management of the condition have shown important areas of noncompliance with evidence-based recommendations. This underscores the importance of creating understandable and implementable recommendations for the diagnosis and management of acute pancreatitis...
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
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