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30 papers 0 to 25 followers Making sure little Derek makes it.
By David Hedman Anesthesia
Luca Ronfani, Liza Vecchi Brumatti, Marika Mariuz, Veronica Tognin, Maura Bin, Valentina Ferluga, Alessandra Knowles, Marcella Montico, Fabio Barbone
BACKGROUND: The relative role of socioeconomic status (SES), home environment and maternal intelligence, as factors affecting child cognitive development in early childhood is still unclear. The aim of this study is to analyze the association of SES, home environment and maternal IQ with child neurodevelopment at 18 months. METHODS: The data were collected prospectively in the PHIME study, a newborn cohort study carried out in Italy between 2007 and 2010. Maternal nonverbal abilities (IQ) were evaluated using the Standard Progressive Matrices, a version of the Raven's Progressive Matrices; a direct evaluation of the home environment was carried out with the AIRE instrument, designed using the HOME (Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment) model; the socioeconomic characteristics were evaluated using the SES index which takes into account parents occupation, type of employment, educational level, homeownership...
2015: PloS One
Ola Andersson, Barbro Lindquist, Magnus Lindgren, Karin Stjernqvist, Magnus Domellöf, Lena Hellström-Westas
IMPORTANCE: Prevention of iron deficiency in infancy may promote neurodevelopment. Delayed umbilical cord clamping (CC) prevents iron deficiency at 4 to 6 months of age, but long-term effects after 12 months of age have not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of delayed CC compared with early CC on neurodevelopment at 4 years of age. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Follow-up of a randomized clinical trial conducted from April 16, 2008, through May 21, 2010, at a Swedish county hospital...
July 2015: JAMA Pediatrics
Jonathan T Delafield-Butt, Colwyn Trevarthen
Narrative, the creation of imaginative projects and experiences displayed in expressions of movement and voice, is how human cooperative understanding grows. Human understanding places the character and qualities of objects and events of interest within stories that portray intentions, feelings, and ambitions, and how one cares about them. Understanding the development of narrative is therefore essential for understanding the development of human intelligence, but its early origins are obscure. We identify the origins of narrative in the innate sensorimotor intelligence of a hypermobile human body and trace the ontogenesis of narrative form from its earliest expression in movement...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Brandon C Roy, Michael C Frank, Philip DeCamp, Matthew Miller, Deb Roy
Children learn words through an accumulation of interactions grounded in context. Although many factors in the learning environment have been shown to contribute to word learning in individual studies, no empirical synthesis connects across factors. We introduce a new ultradense corpus of audio and video recordings of a single child's life that allows us to measure the child's experience of each word in his vocabulary. This corpus provides the first direct comparison, to our knowledge, between different predictors of the child's production of individual words...
October 13, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Ruth Feldman
Elucidating the mechanisms by which infant birth conditions shape development across lengthy periods is critical for understanding typical and pathological development and for targeted early interventions. This study examined how newborns' regulatory capacities impact 10-year outcomes via the bidirectional influences of child emotion regulation (ER) and reciprocal parenting across early development. Guided by dynamic systems theory, 125 infants were tested at seven time points: birth, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months and 5 and 10 years...
November 2015: Development and Psychopathology
Nuray Bayar Muluk, Birgül Bayoğlu, Banu Anlar
We conducted a study to assess the factors that affect language development in infants and toddlers using data obtained during developmental screening. Our study group consisted of 505 children-244 (48.3%) boys and 261 (51.7%) girls, aged 5 to 27 months. The children were divided into four age groups: group 1, which we designated as the "6 months" group (age range: 5 to 7 mo); group 2, designated as the "12 months" group (11 to 13 mo); group 3, designated as the "18 months" group (17 to 19 mo); and group 4, designated as the "24 months" group (23 to 27 mo)...
January 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Maureen M Black, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Sylvia Fernandez Rao
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have contributed to unprecedented reductions in poverty and improvement in the lives of millions of men, women, and children in low- and middle-income countries. Yet, hundreds of millions of children under 5 y of age are not reaching their developmental potential. This article reviews the scientific basis for early childhood nutrition and child development interventions, the impact of integrated interventions on children's linear growth and cognitive development, and implementation strategies for integrated nutrition and child development programs...
November 2015: Advances in Nutrition
Kimberly L H Carpenter, Wei Li, Hongjiang Wei, Bing Wu, Xue Xiao, Chunlei Liu, Gordon Worley, Helen Link Egger
Iron is an essential micronutrient for healthy brain function and development. Because of the importance of iron in the brain, iron deficiency results in widespread and lasting effects on behavior and cognition. We measured iron in the basal ganglia of young children using a novel MRI method, quantitative susceptibility mapping, and examined the association of brain iron with age and cognitive performance. Participants were a community sample of 39 young children recruited from pediatric primary care who were participating in a 5-year longitudinal study of child brain development and anxiety disorders...
May 15, 2016: NeuroImage
Shiau Yun Chong, Catherine R Chittleborough, Tess Gregory, Murthy N Mittinty, John W Lynch, Lisa G Smithers
Cognitive development might be influenced by parenting practices and child temperament. We examined whether the associations between parental warmth, control and intelligence quotient (IQ) may be heightened among children in difficult temperament. Participants were from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (n = 7,044). Temperament at 6 months was measured using the Revised Infant Temperament Questionnaire and classified into 'easy' and 'difficult'. Parental warmth and control was measured at 24 to 47 months and both were classified into 2 groups using latent class analyses...
2016: PloS One
Steven T Piantadosi, Celeste Kidd
We present evidence that pressures for early childcare may have been one of the driving factors of human evolution. We show through an evolutionary model that runaway selection for high intelligence may occur when (i) altricial neonates require intelligent parents, (ii) intelligent parents must have large brains, and (iii) large brains necessitate having even more altricial offspring. We test a prediction of this account by showing across primate genera that the helplessness of infants is a particularly strong predictor of the adults' intelligence...
June 21, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Amir Reza Kamel Abbasi, Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei, Hamidreza Aghamohammadiyan Sharbaf, Hossein Karshki
BACKGROUND: The early relationships between infant and care takers are significant and the emotional interactions of these relationships play an important role in forming personality and adulthood relationships. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to investigate the relationship of attachment styles (AS) and emotional intelligence (EI) with marital satisfaction (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional research, 450 married people (226 male, 224 female) were selected using multistage sampling method in Mashhad, Iran, in 2011...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Tom Clynes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2016: Nature
Zvi Zadik, Ela Borondukov, Amnon Zung, Ram Reifen
BACKGROUND: Breast-fed infants grow more slowly than bottle-fed infants. This growth deceleration sometimes alarms health care personnel to the point of considering other forms of nutrition. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the final adult anthropometric outcome associated with breast or formula feeding during infancy. DESIGN: Height and weight data were collected from eight well-baby clinics representing various ethnic origins, lifestyles, and socioeconomic backgrounds...
October 2003: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
M Lampl, J D Veldhuis, M L Johnson
Human growth has been viewed as a continuous process characterized by changing velocity with age. Serial length measurements of normal infants were assessed weekly (n = 10), semiweekly (n = 18), and daily (n = 3) (19 females and 12 males) during their first 21 months. Data show that growth in length occurs by discontinuous, aperiodic saltatory spurts. These bursts were 0.5 to 2.5 centimeters in amplitude during intervals separated by no measurable growth (2 to 63 days duration). These data suggest that 90 to 95 percent of normal development during infancy is growth-free and length accretion is a distinctly saltatory process of incremental bursts punctuating background stasis...
October 30, 1992: Science
Ze'ev Hochberg, Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland
Human size is a tradeoff between the evolutionary advantages and disadvantages of being small or big. We now propose that adult size is determined to an important extent during transition from infancy to childhood. This transition is marked by a growth spurt. A delay in the transition has a lifelong impact on stature and is responsible for 44% of children with short stature in developed countries and many more in developing countries. Here, we present the data and theory of an evolutionary adaptive strategy of plasticity in the timing of transition from infancy into childhood to match the prevailing energy supply...
July 2008: Pediatric Research
Mandeep Singh Bajaj, Dewang Angmo, Neelam Pushker, Maya Hada
To conduct a study on ptotic eyelids with Marcus Gunn jaw-winking ptosis operated via a technique of modified levator plication, prospective interventional case series. Ten ptotic eyelids with Marcus Gunn jaw-winking phenomenon (MGJWP) underwent modified levator plication surgery. Postoperatively, all cases were followed up for at least 6 months. Outcome parameters included amount of ptosis correction, amount of MGJWP correction, palpebral aperture height, lid lag, and lagophthalmos. The mean amount of ptosis was 4...
August 2015: International Ophthalmology
J F Wong, J F Thériault, C Bouzouaya, F Codère
PURPOSE: To introduce a new method for the evaluation of Marcus Gunn jaw-winking ptosis that more precisely defines the severity of blepharoptosis. METHODS: A retrospective review of 16 consecutive patients with Marcus Gunn jaw-winking ptosis presenting to our institution between 1993 to 1999 was performed. The position of the affected eyelid was observed after applying a technique of jaw immobilization and disruption of fusion with temporary occlusion of the ipsilateral side...
November 2001: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Maitree Pandey, Neha Baduni, Aruna Jain, Manoj Kumar Sanwal, Homay Vajifdar
Marcus Gunn phenomenon is seen in 4 to 6% of congenital ptosis patients. We report two cases of abnormal oculocardiac reflex during ptosis correction surgery. Marcus Gunn syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition with incomplete penetrance. It is believed to be a neural misdirection syndrome in which fibres of the motor division of the trigeminal nerve are congenitally misdirected into the superior pterygoid and the levator muscles. Anesthetic considerations include taking a detailed history about any previous anaesthetic exposure and any reaction to it as this syndrome has a high probability of being associated with malignant hyperthermia...
July 2011: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Hakan Demirci, Bartley R Frueh, Christine C Nelson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical features including eyelid excursion and management of Marcus Gunn jaw-winking synkinesis (MGJWS). DESIGN: Observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight consecutive patients with MGJWS. METHODS: Clinical features and management of 48 patients with MGJWS were reviewed retrospectively. Upper eyelid excursion was measured and graded. Complications of surgical intervention were evaluated...
July 2010: Ophthalmology
Gary J Lelli, Christine C Nelson
A 23-day-old neonate had severe unilateral Marcus Gunn jaw-winking syndrome (MGJWS). By 2 1/2 months of age, she controlled the ptosis with jaw positioning. Habituation of the pterygoid-levator synkinesis has not been reported this early. Surgery can be delayed until a safer time in MGJWS with severe ptosis that lacks objective signs of amblyopia.
January 2006: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
2016-05-08 02:50:06
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