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Dysfunctional sleep patterns: ParuchMD

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12 papers 0 to 25 followers Sleep dysfunction results in overuse of anti-insomnia medications and is a direct result of dysfunctional American ideologies regarding proper sleep. This collection focuses on the correlational effects of chronic sleep dysfunction. On Twitter @ParuchMD #ParuchMD
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
Laura Palagini, Chiara Baglioni, Antonio Ciapparelli, Angelo Gemignani, Dieter Riemann
Disturbances of sleep are typical for most depressed patients and belong to the core symptoms of the disorder. Since the 1960s polysomnographic sleep research has demonstrated that besides disturbances of sleep continuity, depression is associated with altered sleep architecture, i.e., a decrease in slow wave sleep (SWS) production and disturbed rapid eye movement (REM) sleep regulation. Shortened REM latency (i.e., the interval between sleep onset and the occurrence of the first REM period), increased REM sleep duration and increased REM density (i...
October 2013: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Ari Shechter, Michael A Grandner, Marie-Pierre St-Onge
Short sleep duration is increasingly recognized as a risk factor for obesity. Sleep is now considered 1 of the 3 lifestyle behaviors, along with diet and exercise, which are closely associated with health. If sleep duration is a causal factor in the etiology of obesity, it must affect energy intake and/or energy expenditure to create a positive energy balance. The preponderance of evidence to date points to an effect of sleep restriction on energy intake that exceeds the added energy costs of maintaining longer wakefulness...
November 1, 2014: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Cathalijn H C Leenaars, Inge P M Klinkenberg, Audrey Aussems, Nedim Borger, Vivian Faatz, Anneloes Hak, Ellen Houben, Joyce Ramackers, Daphne Snackers, Andries Kalsbeek
BACKGROUND: The increased risk of obesity among short sleepers is most likely explained by increased energy intake. However, food intake could not only be altered quantitavely but also qualitatively. Therefore, we performed a correlational analysis on self-reported food intake and sleep in 51 students from Maastricht and surroundings. RESULTS: Students that slept longer had a lower caloric intake: ρ = -0.378, p = 0.006, the amount of calories consumed per minute awake remaining relatively stable...
2015: Journal of Circadian Rhythms
Junhong Yu, Rathi Mahendran, Iris Rawtaer, Ee-Heok Kua, Lei Feng
BACKGROUND: Individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) commonly experience a number of sleep quality related issues. However, it remains unclear if these issues are specific to MCI or are simply attributed to the elevated levels depression and anxiety symptoms frequently observed among those with MCI. The present study sought to examine group differences between participants with MCI and matched controls on self-reported measures of sleep quality while controlling for depression and anxiety levels...
March 17, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Justus T C Schwabedal, Maik Riedl, Thomas Penzel, Niels Wessel
Appearances of alpha waves in the sleep electrencephalogram indicate physiological, brief states of awakening that lie in between wakefulness and sleep. These microstates may also cause the loss in sleep quality experienced by individuals suffering from insomnia. To distinguish such pathological awakenings from physiological ones, differences in alpha-wave characteristics between transient awakening and wakefulness observed before the onset of sleep were studied. In polysomnographic datasets of sleep-healthy participants (n = 18) and patients with insomnia (n = 10), alpha waves were extracted from the relaxed, wake state before sleep onset, wake after sleep-onset periods and arousals of sleep...
June 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
Monika B Raniti, Nicholas B Allen, Orli Schwartz, Joanna M Waloszek, Michelle L Byrne, Michael J Woods, Bei Bei, Christian L Nicholas, John Trinder
This study explored whether short sleep duration and sleep quality mediate the relationship between age and depressive symptoms. For comparison, we also explored whether depressive symptoms mediate the relationship between age and short sleep duration and sleep quality. The sample comprised 741 adolescents (63.5% female, mean age 15.78 years, range 11.92-19.67 years) in grades 7-12 from 11 secondary schools in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Students completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)...
January 8, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Ling-Yun Fan, Yu Sun, Huey-Jane Lee, Shu-Chien Yang, Ta-Fu Chen, Ker-Neng Lin, Chung-Chi Lin, Pei-Ning Wang, Li-Yu Tang, Ming-Jang Chiu
BACKGROUND: Evidence of an association between lifestyle and marital status and risk of dementia is limited in Asia. METHODS: In this nationwide population-based cross-sectional survey, participants were selected by computerized random sampling from all 19 counties in Taiwan. A total of 10432 residents were assessed by a door-to-door in-person survey, among whom 7035 were normal and 929 were diagnosed with dementia using the criteria recommended by National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association...
2015: PloS One
Ewa Dopierała, Janusz Rybakowski
Disturbances of circadian rhythms play an important role in the pathogenesis of affective illnesses, and their normalisation with methods of chronotherapy might become an important element of therapeutic treatment. Chronotherapy is based on a controlled exposure to environmental stimuli which affect biorhythms. One of the chronotherapeutic methods is sleep deprivation (SD). The article discusses the present status of SD in psychiatry, its methods and application in depression treatment. Presently the most recommended pattern is combining total sleep deprivation (TSD), sleep phase advance (SPA), pharmacotherapy, and sometimes also phototherapy...
May 2015: Psychiatria Polska
Steven Lehrer, Sheryl Green, Lakshmi Ramanathan, Kenneth E Rosenzweig
INTRODUCTION: Proper sleep is associated with reduced cancer risk. For example, multiple studies have found that habitual sleeping pill usage is related to death from cancer, suggesting that sleep derangement may increase cancer mortality. However, other studies have not found a definite connection between sleep and cancer deaths. For this reason, we analyzed US cancer mortality data and sleep quality data to see if there was relationship. METHODS: Age-adjusted data on sleep disturbance in 50 US states and the District of Columbia are from Perceived insufficient rest or sleep among adults--United States, 2008...
September 2013: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Daniel F Kripke, Lawrence Garfinkel, Deborah L Wingard, Melville R Klauber, Matthew R Marler
BACKGROUND: Patients often complain about insufficient sleep or chronic insomnia in the belief that they need 8 hours of sleep. Treatment strategies may be guided by what sleep durations predict optimal survival and whether insomnia might signal mortality risks. METHODS: In 1982, the Cancer Prevention Study II of the American Cancer Society asked participants about their sleep duration and frequency of insomnia. Cox proportional hazards survival models were computed to determine whether sleep duration or frequency of insomnia was associated with excess mortality up to 1988, controlling simultaneously for demographics, habits, health factors, and use of various medications...
February 2002: Archives of General Psychiatry
D F Kripke
In the United States every year the total costs of giving sleeping pills can be estimated at $500 million to $1 billion. Many if not most of the prescriptions are inappropriate. Sleeping pill use, associated with a 50% increase in overall mortality, is especially dangerous for older people, who have a high risk of sleep apnea. There is virtually no evidence that sleeping pills are effective with prolonged usage and no evidence for life-preserving benefits. Excessive use of sleeping pills should be discouraged with a tax of 4 per pill...
May 1983: Southern Medical Journal
D F Kripke, R N Simons, L Garfinkel, E C Hammond
Prospective epidemiologic data of the American Cancer Society disclosed that reported usual sleep durations among groups who complained of insomnia and sleeping pill use "often" overlapped with those of groups who had no complaints. Reports of insomnia were not consistently associated with increased mortality when several factors were controlled; however, men who reported usually sleeping less than four hours were 2.80 times as likely to have died within six years as men who reported 7.0 to 7.9 hours of sleep...
January 1979: Archives of General Psychiatry
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