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Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26766299/editorial
#1
EDITORIAL
Judith Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079133/mixed-depression-in-bipolar-disorder-prevalence-rate-and-clinical-correlates-during-naturalistic-follow-up-in-the-stanley-bipolar-network
#2
Shefali Miller, Trisha Suppes, Jim Mintz, Gerhard Hellemann, Mark A Frye, Susan L McElroy, Willem A Nolen, Ralph Kupka, Gabriele S Leverich, Heinz Grunze, Lori L Altshuler, Paul E Keck, Robert M Post
OBJECTIVE: DSM-5 introduced the "with mixed features" specifier for major depressive episodes. The authors assessed the prevalence and phenomenology of mixed depression among bipolar disorder patients and qualitatively compared a range of diagnostic thresholds for mixed depression. METHOD: In a naturalistic study, 907 adult outpatients with bipolar disorder participating in the Stanley Foundation Bipolar Network were followed longitudinally across 14,310 visits from 1995 to 2002...
April 15, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26940805/a-randomized-trial-to-assess-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-abt-126-a-selective-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-agonist-in-the-treatment-of-cognitive-impairment-in-schizophrenia
#3
George M Haig, Earle E Bain, Weining Z Robieson, Jeffrey D Baker, Ahmed A Othman
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ABT-126, a selective α7 nicotinic receptor partial agonist, in stable patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: A 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group phase 2 study was conducted in 22 centers in the United States. Clinically stable patients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to receive once-daily dosing with 10 mg of ABT-126, 25 mg of ABT-126, or placebo. The primary efficacy measure was change from baseline to week 12 on the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) composite score compared with placebo, tested by a one-sided t test...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742533/motor-control-exercise-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#4
REVIEW
Bruno T Saragiotto, Christopher G Maher, Tiê P Yamato, Leonardo O P Costa, Luciola C Menezes Costa, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Luciana G Macedo
BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain (LBP) is a common condition. It is reported to be a major health and socioeconomic problem associated with work absenteeism, disability and high costs for patients and society. Exercise is a modestly effective treatment for chronic LBP. However, current evidence suggests that no single form of exercise is superior to another. Among the most commonly used exercise interventions is motor control exercise (MCE). MCE intervention focuses on the activation of the deep trunk muscles and targets the restoration of control and co-ordination of these muscles, progressing to more complex and functional tasks integrating the activation of deep and global trunk muscles...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26736024/trunk-muscle-training-augmented-with-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-appears-to-improve-function-in-older-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-preliminary-trial
#5
Gregory E Hicks, Jaclyn M Sions, Teonette O Velasco, Tara J Manal
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of a trial to evaluate a trunk muscle training program augmented with neuromuscular electrical stimulation (TMT+NMES) for the rehabilitation of older adults with chronic low back pain (LBP) and to preliminarily investigate whether TMT+NMES could improve physical function and pain compared with a passive control intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a single-blind, randomized feasibility trial. Patients aged 60 to 85 years were allocated to TMT+NMES (n=31) or a passive control intervention (n=33), consisting of passive treatments, that is, heat, ultrasound, and massage...
October 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
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