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Icu endo

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7 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857512/respiratory-manifestations-in-endocrine-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Codruţa Lencu, Teodora Alexescu, Mirela Petrulea, Monica Lencu
The control mechanisms of respiration as a vital function are complex: voluntary - cortical, and involuntary - metabolic, neural, emotional and endocrine. Hormones and hypothalamic neuropeptides (that act as neurotrasmitters and neuromodulators in the central nervous system) play a role in the regulation of respiration and in bronchopulmonary morphology. This article presents respiratory manifestations in adult endocrine diseases that evolve with hormone deficit or hypersecretion. In hyperthyroidism, patients develop ventilation disorders, obstructive and central sleep apnea, and pleural collection...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464648/the-bariatric-patient-in-the-intensive-care-unit-pitfalls-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Carlos E Pompilio, Paolo Pelosi, Melina G Castro
The increasing number of bariatric/metabolic operations as important alternatives for the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes brought several concerns about the intensive care of patients undergoing those procedures. Intensive Care Unit admission criteria are needed in order to better allocate resources and avoid unnecessary interventions. Furthermore, well-established protocols, helpful in many clinical situations, are not directly applicable to obese patients. Indeed, difficult airway management, mechanical ventilation, fluid therapy protocols, prophylaxis, and treatment of venous thromboembolic events have unique aspects that should be taken into consideration...
September 2016: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444873/vitamin-d-in-critically-ill-patients
#3
Katarzyna Matysiak-Luśnia
Vitamin D deficiency is a commonly observed global phenomenon, both in the general population and in hospitalized patients, including critically ill patients. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with multiple adverse health outcomes, including increased morbidity and mortality in the general population and in critically ill patients. Vitamin D is a fatsoluble vitamin that plays an important role in bone metabolism. However, Vitamin D is also a steroid hormone that exerts multiple pleiotropic effects. Vitamin D regulates immunity, inflammation, cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis...
2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229647/dysglycemia-and-glucose-control-during-sepsis
#4
REVIEW
Mark P Plummer, Adam M Deane
Sepsis predisposes to disordered metabolism and dysglycemia; the latter is a broad term that includes hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, and glycemic variability. Dysglycemia is a marker of illness severity. Large randomized controlled trials have provided considerable insight into the optimal blood glucose targets for critically ill patients with sepsis. However, it may be that the pathophysiologic consequences of dysglycemia are dynamic throughout the course of a septic insult and also altered by premorbid glycemia...
June 2016: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26866521/glucose-control-in-acute-brain-injury-does-it-matter
#5
Daniel A Godoy, Réza Behrouz, Mario Di Napoli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Alterations of blood glucose levels are secondary insults with detrimental consequences for the injured brain. Here, we review various aspects of brain glucose metabolism and analyze the evidence on glycemic control during acute brain injury. RECENT FINDINGS: An essential component in the overall management of acute brain injury, especially during the acute phase, is maintaining adequate and appropriate control of serum glucose. This is one of the few physiological parameters that is modifiable...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26836894/ionized-calcium-in-the-icu-should-it-be-measured-and-corrected
#6
REVIEW
Scott K Aberegg
Serum ionized calcium (iCa) is often measured in patients admitted to ICUs, and at least half of these patients will have values outside the reference range during their ICU stay. The vast majority of these patients do not have an underlying disease of calcium homeostasis. This Contemporary Review discusses the rationale for measurement of iCa and whether available data support its measurement and correction. It is determined that while measurement of serum iCa is commonplace and attempted correction is popular, available evidence and logical analysis do not wholly support these practices...
March 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26820275/sweet-spot-glucose-control-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#7
Roosmarijn T M van Hooijdonk, Dieter Mesotten, James S Krinsley, Marcus J Schultz
Hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, and glycemic variability are all independently associated with morbidity and mortality of critically ill patients. A strategy aiming at normoglycemia (so-called tight glycemic control) could improve outcomes of critically ill patients, but results from randomized controlled trials of tight glycemic control are conflicting. Strict glycemic control is associated with an increased risk of hypoglycemia, which could offset the benefit of this intervention. Notably, the risk of hypoglycemia is not necessarily removed with less tight glucose control regimens...
February 2016: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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