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Maria Schollin-Borg, Pär Nordin, Henrik Zetterström, Joakim Johansson
Lactate has been thoroughly studied and found useful for stratification of patients with sepsis, in the Intensive Care Unit, and trauma care. However, little is known about lactate as a risk-stratification marker in the Medical Emergency Team- (MET-) call setting. We aimed to determine whether the arterial blood lactate level at the time of a MET-call is associated with increased 30-day mortality. This is an observational study on a prospectively gathered cohort at a regional secondary referral hospital. All MET-calls during the two-year study period were eligible...
2016: Critical Care Research and Practice
Peter J Kudenchuk, Siobhan P Brown, Mohamud Daya, Thomas Rea, Graham Nichol, Laurie J Morrison, Brian Leroux, Christian Vaillancourt, Lynn Wittwer, Clifton W Callaway, James Christenson, Debra Egan, Joseph P Ornato, Myron L Weisfeldt, Ian G Stiell, Ahamed H Idris, Tom P Aufderheide, James V Dunford, M Riccardo Colella, Gary M Vilke, Ashley M Brienza, Patrice Desvigne-Nickens, Pamela C Gray, Randal Gray, Norman Seals, Ron Straight, Paul Dorian
BACKGROUND: Antiarrhythmic drugs are used commonly in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest for shock-refractory ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia, but without proven survival benefit. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind trial, we compared parenteral amiodarone, lidocaine, and saline placebo, along with standard care, in adults who had nontraumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, shock-refractory ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia after at least one shock, and vascular access...
May 5, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Mervyn Singer, Clifford S Deutschman, Christopher Warren Seymour, Manu Shankar-Hari, Djillali Annane, Michael Bauer, Rinaldo Bellomo, Gordon R Bernard, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Craig M Coopersmith, Richard S Hotchkiss, Mitchell M Levy, John C Marshall, Greg S Martin, Steven M Opal, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Tom van der Poll, Jean-Louis Vincent, Derek C Angus
IMPORTANCE: Definitions of sepsis and septic shock were last revised in 2001. Considerable advances have since been made into the pathobiology (changes in organ function, morphology, cell biology, biochemistry, immunology, and circulation), management, and epidemiology of sepsis, suggesting the need for reexamination. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and, as needed, update definitions for sepsis and septic shock. PROCESS: A task force (n = 19) with expertise in sepsis pathobiology, clinical trials, and epidemiology was convened by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine...
February 23, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Christopher W Seymour, Vincent X Liu, Theodore J Iwashyna, Frank M Brunkhorst, Thomas D Rea, André Scherag, Gordon Rubenfeld, Jeremy M Kahn, Manu Shankar-Hari, Mervyn Singer, Clifford S Deutschman, Gabriel J Escobar, Derek C Angus
IMPORTANCE: The Third International Consensus Definitions Task Force defined sepsis as "life-threatening organ dysfunction due to a dysregulated host response to infection." The performance of clinical criteria for this sepsis definition is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of clinical criteria to identify patients with suspected infection who are at risk of sepsis. DESIGN, SETTINGS, AND POPULATION: Among 1.3 million electronic health record encounters from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2012, at 12 hospitals in southwestern Pennsylvania, we identified those with suspected infection in whom to compare criteria...
February 23, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
J Wernerman, G H Sigurdsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
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