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36 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471478/probiotics-for-the-prevention-of-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
John P Thomas, Tim Raine, Sanath Reddy, Gusztav Belteki
We performed an updated meta-analysis incorporating the results of recent randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to measure the effectiveness of probiotic supplementation in preventing necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and death in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants, and to investigate any differences in efficacy by probiotic agent. Using meta-regression analysis, we assessed the contribution of other measured variables on the overall effect size and between-study variability. CONCLUSION: Overall, probiotics lead to significant reductions in NEC incidence and mortality in VLBW infants...
November 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092912/one-year-outcomes-following-surgery-for-necrotising-enterocolitis-a-uk-wide-cohort-study
#2
Benjamin Saul Raywood Allin, Anna-May Long, Amit Gupta, Kokila Lakhoo, Marian Knight
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to describe outcomes and investigate factors affecting prognosis at 1 year post intervention for infants with surgical necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). DESIGN: Using the British Association of Paediatric Surgeons Congenital Anomalies Surveillance System, we conducted a prospective, multicentre cohort study of every infant reported to require surgical intervention for NEC in the UK and Ireland between 1 March 2013 and 28 February 2014...
November 1, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068791/transfusion-associated-necrotizing-enterocolitis-re-evaluated-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Stientje Esther Rai, Amneet Kaur Sidhu, Rohin Jayaram Krishnan
CONTEXT: Significant controversy exists surrounding the possible association between recent packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion and the subsequent development of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in infants. Previous studies and meta-analyses reporting a statistically significant association led to a practice change to withhold enteral feeds in the peri-transfusion period in many centers in an effort to prevent NEC; however, results from more recent studies do not support the existence of an association and, thus, question the validity of this practice change...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916575/effects-of-probiotics-on-necrotizing-enterocolitis-sepsis-intraventricular-hemorrhage-mortality-length-of-hospital-stay-and-weight-gain-in-very-preterm-infants-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Jing Sun, Gayatri Marwah, Matthew Westgarth, Nicholas Buys, David Ellwood, Peter H Gray
Probiotics are increasingly used as a supplement to prevent adverse health outcomes in preterm infants. We conducted a systematic review, meta-analysis, and subgroup analysis of findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the magnitude of the effect of the probiotics on health outcomes among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Relevant articles from January 2003 to June 2017 were selected from a broad range of databases, including Medline, PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. Studies were included if they used an RCT design, involved a VLBW infant (birthweight <1500 g or gestational age <32 wk) population, included a probiotic intervention group, measured necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) as a primary outcome, and measured sepsis, mortality, length of hospital stay, weight gain, and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) as additional outcomes...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829405/probiotics-prevent-late-onset-sepsis-in-human-milk-fed-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Arianna Aceti, Luca Maggio, Isadora Beghetti, Davide Gori, Giovanni Barone, Maria Luisa Callegari, Maria Pia Fantini, Flavia Indrio, Fabio Meneghin, Lorenzo Morelli, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti, Luigi Corvaglia
Growing evidence supports the role of probiotics in reducing the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis, time to achieve full enteral feeding, and late-onset sepsis (LOS) in preterm infants. As reported for several neonatal clinical outcomes, recent data have suggested that nutrition might affect probiotics' efficacy. Nevertheless, the currently available literature does not explore the relationship between LOS prevention and type of feeding in preterm infants receiving probiotics. Thus, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of probiotics for LOS prevention in preterm infants according to type of feeding (exclusive human milk (HM) vs...
August 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923984/dual-strain-probiotics-reduce-nec-mortality-and-neonatal-bloodstream-infections-among-extremely-low-birthweight-infants
#6
LETTER
Luisa Anna Denkel, Frank Schwab, Lars Garten, Christine Geffers, Petra Gastmeier, Brar Piening
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854319/slow-advancement-of-enteral-feed-volumes-to-prevent-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#7
REVIEW
Sam J Oddie, Lauren Young, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Early enteral feeding practices are potentially modifiable risk factors for necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in very preterm or very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Observational studies suggest that conservative feeding regimens, including slowly advancing enteral feed volumes, reduce the risk of NEC. However, slow feed advancement may delay establishment of full enteral feeding and may be associated with metabolic and infectious morbidities secondary to prolonged exposure to parenteral nutrition...
August 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538238/current-research-on-the-epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-management-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#8
Simon Eaton, Clare M Rees, Nigel J Hall
Despite decades of research on necrotizing enterocolitis, we still do not fully understand the pathogenesis of the disease, or how to prevent or how to treat it. However, as a result of recent significant advances in the microbiology, molecular biology, and cell biology of the intestine of preterm infants and infants with necrotizing enterocolitis, there is some hope that research into this devastating disease will yield some important translation into effective prevention, more rapid diagnosis, and novel therapies...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770136/neonatal-perforated-appendicitis-masquerading-as-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#9
Andrew Tumen, Pranit N Chotai, John Matthew Williams, Adrianne Myers-Webb, Jie Zhang, Ramesh Krishnan, James W Eubanks Iii
A preterm neonate underwent emergent laparotomy for presumed necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Intra-operatively, neonatal perforated appendicitis (NPA) was encountered. This may represent a form of NEC localized to the appendix. A high index of clinical suspicion and early laparotomy are recommended.
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780499/how-to-feed-a-baby-recovering-from-necrotising-enterocolitis-when-maternal-milk-is-not-available
#10
REVIEW
Nicholas D Embleton, Stefan P Zalewski
Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating disease with significant mortality and serious adverse outcomes in at least 50% including short gut and poor neurodevelopment. Research and management are complicated by a lack of robust clinical markers, and without histological confirmation, there is a risk of both underdiagnosis and overdiagnosis. Interunit variations in the thresholds for surgical referral, laparotomy and postmortem rates mean the actual incidence is difficult to determine, especially because the histological term 'NEC' is used in practice to describe a heterogeneous clinical syndrome...
November 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601308/red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-premature-infants-leads-to-worse-necrotizing-enterocolitis-outcomes
#11
Kellie E Cunningham, Frances C Okolo, Robyn Baker, Kevin P Mollen, Misty Good
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe intestinal disease of premature infants with high mortality. Studies suggest a causative relationship between red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and NEC; however, whether RBC transfusion leads to worse outcomes in NEC is unknown. We sought to determine whether RBC transfusion was associated with an increased risk of surgical NEC and mortality. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 115 patients were enrolled with NEC Bell's stage 2A or greater from 2010-2015...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658720/enteral-lactoferrin-supplementation-for-prevention-of-sepsis-and-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants
#12
REVIEW
Mohan Pammi, Gautham Suresh
BACKGROUND: Lactoferrin, a normal component of human colostrum and milk, can enhance host defenses and may be effective for prevention of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm neonates. OBJECTIVES: Primary objective 1. To assess the safety and effectiveness of lactoferrin supplementation to enteral feeds for prevention of sepsis and NEC in preterm neonates Secondary objectives 1. To determine the effects of lactoferrin supplementation to enteral feeds to prevent neonatal sepsis and/or NEC on duration of positive-pressure ventilation, development of chronic lung disease (CLD) or periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), length of hospital stay to discharge among survivors, and adverse neurological outcomes at two years of age or later2...
June 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410573/risk-factors-for-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-neonates-a-systematic-review-of-prognostic-studies
#13
REVIEW
Noor Samuels, Rob A van de Graaf, Rogier C J de Jonge, Irwin K M Reiss, Marijn J Vermeulen
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe multifactorial disease in preterm neonates associated with high morbidity and mortality. Better insight into prognostic values of the many reported factors associated with NEC is needed to enable identification of neonates at risk for NEC. The aim was to systematically review the literature to identify independent risk factors for NEC from the literature. METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, Embase, Pubmed and Google Scholar were searched systematically for cohort studies reporting prognostic factors for NEC in neonates using multivariable analysis...
April 14, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409756/standardized-slow-enteral-feeding-protocol-reduces-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-micropremies
#14
S Viswanathan, R Merheb, Xintong Wen, M Collin, S Groh-Wargo
BACKGROUND: Compared to early enteral feeds, delayed introduction and slow enteral feeding advancement to reduce necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is not well studied in micropremies (<750g birth weight). METHODS: Pre-post case control study. Micropremies who followed a standardized slow enteral feeding (SSEF) protocol (September 2009 to March 2015) were compared with a similar group of historical controls (PreSSEF, January 2003 to July 2009). Enteral feeding withheld for first 10-14 days and advanced at <10 ml/kg/day in the SSEF group...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196365/the-golden-age-of-probiotics-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-and-observational-studies-in-preterm-infants
#15
Elda Dermyshi, Yizhong Wang, Chongbin Yan, Wenchao Hong, Gang Qiu, Xiaohui Gong, Ting Zhang
BACKGROUND: Over the last few years, probiotics have been one of the most studied interventions in neonatal medicine. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to analyse all studies (randomized controlled trials, RCTs, and observational studies) assessing the use of probiotics in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. SEARCH METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159209/necrotizing-enterocolitis-and-human-milk-feeding-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Nicole Theresa Cacho, Leslie A Parker, Josef Neu
This article summarizes evidence regarding whether a donor human milk (DHM) and/or an exclusively human milk (EHM) diet decreases the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and the dose of human milk (HM) necessary to reduce the risk of NEC in premature infants. Additional research regarding protection afforded by DHM and EHM is necessary as well as research elucidating the exact dose of HM necessary for NEC risk reduction. Research is also needed to determine whether there is a dose-dependent effect of DHM, a combination of mother's own milk and DHM, and an EHM diet on NEC incidence...
March 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26995520/blood-transfusions-increased-rates-of-surgical-nec-and-lower-survival-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#17
Arash J Sayari, Jun Tashiro, Juan E Sola, Eduardo A Perez
PURPOSE: We sought to investigate the association between blood transfusions (BT), rates of necrotizing enterocolitis requiring surgical intervention (SNEC), and survival. METHODS: Blood transfusions in premature infants were identified in the Kids' Inpatient Database (2003-2009). Propensity score-matched analysis compared SNEC outcomes in BT vs. non-BT groups. Multivariate analyses were performed to determine independent predictors of outcome. RESULTS: Overall, 663740 cases were identified and 4...
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25436902/delayed-introduction-of-progressive-enteral-feeds-to-prevent-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#18
REVIEW
Jessie Morgan, Lauren Young, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: The introduction of enteral feeds for very preterm (less than 32 weeks' gestation) or very low birth weight (VLBW; less than 1500 g) infants is often delayed for several days or longer after birth due to concern that early introduction may not be tolerated and may increase the risk of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). However, delaying enteral feeding could diminish the functional adaptation of the gastrointestinal tract and prolong the need for parenteral nutrition with its attendant infectious and metabolic risks...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001143/vital-signs-and-their-cross-correlation-in-sepsis-and-nec-a-study-of-1-065-very-low-birth-weight-infants-in-two-nicus
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Karen D Fairchild, Douglas E Lake, John Kattwinkel, J Randall Moorman, David A Bateman, Philip G Grieve, Joseph R Isler, Rakesh Sahni
BACKGROUND: Subtle changes in vital signs and their interactions occur in preterm infants prior to overt deterioration from late-onset septicemia (LOS) or necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Optimizing predictive algorithms may lead to earlier treatment. METHODS: For 1,065 very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants in two neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), mean, SD, and cross-correlation of respiratory rate, heart rate (HR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2) were analyzed hourly (131 infant-years' data)...
February 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754992/the-connection-between-abdominal-signs-and-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-infants-501-to-1500-g
#20
Sheila M Gephart, Michelle Fleiner, Amy Kijewski
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) can become severe quickly, making early recognition a priority and understanding the occurrence of abdominal and clinical signs of impending NEC important. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine relationships of abdominal signs up to 36 hours before diagnosis of NEC within subgroups treated medically, surgically, or those who died. METHODS: A 3-site, descriptive correlational case-control design with retrospective data collection was used matching each NEC case to 2 controls (N = 132)...
February 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
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