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Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

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77 papers 25 to 100 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165675/intratracheal-administration-of-budesonide-surfactant-in-prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Rohini Venkataraman, Majeeda Kamaluddeen, Shabih U Hasan, Helen Lee Robertson, Abhay Lodha
Despite the near universal adaptation of gentle mechanical ventilation, surfactant use and non-invasive respiratory support, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains one of the most common respiratory morbidities in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Thus, the objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of intra-tracheal administration of budesonide-surfactant mixture in preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched for randomized clinical trials in which intra-tracheal administration of budesonide-surfactant was used to prevent BPD in infants...
February 6, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114369/evidence-based-neonatal-unit-practices-and-determinants-of-postnatal-corticosteroid-use-in-preterm-births-below-30-weeks-ga-in-europe-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Alexandra Nuytten, Hélène Behal, Alain Duhamel, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Jan Mazela, David Milligan, Ludwig Gortner, Aurélie Piedvache, Jennifer Zeitlin, Patrick Truffert
BACKGROUND: Postnatal corticosteroids (PNC) were widely used to treat and prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants until studies showed increased risk of cerebral palsy and neurodevelopmental impairment. We aimed to describe PNC use in Europe and evaluate the determinants of their use, including neonatal characteristics and adherence to evidence-based practices in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: 3917/4096 (95,6%) infants born between 24 and 29 weeks gestational age in 19 regions of 11 European countries of the EPICE cohort we included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114678/revisiting-the-definition-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-effect-of-changing-panoply-of-respiratory-support-for-preterm-neonates
#3
Tetsuya Isayama, Shoo K Lee, Junmin Yang, David Lee, Sibasis Daspal, Michael Dunn, Prakesh S Shah
Importance: Several definitions of bronchopulmonary dysplasia are clinically used; however, their validity remains uncertain considering ongoing changes in the panoply of respiratory support treatment strategies used within neonatal units. Objective: To identify the optimal definition of bronchopulmonary dysplasia that best predicts respiratory and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study at tertiary neonatal intensive care units...
January 23, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119488/altered-lung-structure-and-function-in-mid-childhood-survivors-of-very-preterm-birth
#4
Shannon J Simpson, Karla M Logie, Christopher A O'Dea, Georgia L Banton, Conor Murray, Andrew C Wilson, J Jane Pillow, Graham L Hall
RATIONALE: Survivors of preterm birth are at risk of chronic and lifelong pulmonary disease. Follow-up data describing lung structure and function are scarce in children born preterm during the surfactant era. OBJECTIVES: To obtain comprehensive data on lung structure and function in mid-childhood from survivors of preterm birth. We aimed to explore relationships between lung structure, lung function and respiratory morbidity as well as early life contributors to poorer childhood respiratory outcomes...
January 24, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125159/longitudinal-impairment-of-lung-function-in-school-age-children-with-extremely-low-birth-weights
#5
Katsuya Hirata, Masahiro Nishihara, Takeshi Kimura, Jun Shiraishi, Shinya Hirano, Hiroyuki Kitajima, Masanori Fujimura
OBJECTIVES: To assess lung function and long-term respiratory outcomes in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) survivors. WORKING HYPOTHESIS: ELBW, especially with respiratory complications in the neonatal period, affects lung function at a later age. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal retrospective study. PATIENT-SUBJECT SELECTION: Lung function was evaluated in 89 ELBW survivors (at ages 8 and 12) with or without a history of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or a bubbly/cystic lung appearance in the neonatal period...
January 26, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128874/policy-of-feeding-very-preterm-infants-with-their-mother-s-own-fresh-expressed-milk-was-associated-with-a-reduced-risk-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#6
Odile Dicky, Virginie Ehlinger, Nathalie Montjaux, Gisèle Gremmo-Féger, Jacques Sizun, Jean-Christophe Rozé, Catherine Arnaud, Charlotte Casper
AIM: Since 2005, the French food safety agency has recommended that very preterm or low birth weight babies should be fed with pasteurised, expressed breast milk and feeding policies on this vary widely in French neonatal units. We investigated the differences between using a mother's expressed milk, in fresh or pasteurised forms, for very preterm infants. METHODS: This observational multicentre study analysed data on 926 very preterm infants: 636 from neonatal units who used the mother's own fresh milk and 290 who used the mother's milk after pasteurisation...
January 27, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141913/systemic-corticosteroid-regimens-for-prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants
#7
REVIEW
Wes Onland, Anne Pmc De Jaegere, Martin Offringa, Anton van Kaam
BACKGROUND: Cochrane systematic reviews show that systemic postnatal corticosteroids reduce the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. However, corticosteroids have also been associated with an increased risk of neurodevelopmental impairment. It is unknown whether these beneficial and adverse effects are modulated by differences in corticosteroid treatment regimens. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different corticosteroid treatment regimens on mortality, pulmonary morbidity, and neurodevelopmental outcome in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants...
January 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152280/surfactant-administration-via-a-thin-endotracheal-catheter-during-spontaneous-breathing-in-preterm-infants
#8
REVIEW
Wanliang Wu, Yan Shi, Fengxia Li, Zhuoyu Wen, Hongli Liu
To systematically review the clinical outcomes of surfactant administration via a thin endotracheal catheter during spontaneous breathing compared with conventional administration involving tracheal intubation, mechanical ventilation (MV), and tracheal extubation, in preterm infants. PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched to identify relevant clinical trials. Data were analyzed using the Cochrane Collaboration methods. Primary outcome measures included the incidence of MV and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)...
February 2, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090250/early-detection-for-right-ventricular-dysfunction-in-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-without-pulmonary-hypertension
#9
EDITORIAL
Jung-Woo Son
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090255/clinical-utility-of-echocardiography-for-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-in-children-with-bronchopulmonary-dsyplasia
#10
Young Earl Choi, Hwa Jin Cho, Eun Song Song, In Seok Jeong, Namsik Yoon, Young Youn Choi, Jae Sook Ma, Young Kuk Cho
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) may result in chronic pulmonary artery hypertension and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. Various echocardiographic assessments of RV dysfunction have been used to determine whether echocardiographic measurements of premature infants with BPD could provide sensitive measures of RV function that correlates with BPD severity. METHODS: Twenty-eight control subjects without BPD (non BPD group), 28 patients with mild BPD, 11 patients with moderate BPD, and six patients with severe BPD underwent echocardiograms with standard measurement such as ejection fraction by M-mode, tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient, myocardial performance index (MPI) derived from pulse Doppler, and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) measurements...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090292/a-new-look-at-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-postcapillary-pathophysiology-and-cardiac-dysfunction
#11
Arvind Sehgal, Andra Malikiwi, Eldho Paul, Kenneth Tan, Samuel Menahem
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) and right ventricular function are the focus of cardiovascular effects of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). We assessed cardiac indexes reflecting systemic afterload and pulmonary venous back pressure as pathophysiologic factors. Cardiac parameters were measured by conventional echocardiography in 20 preterm infants with severe BPD and compared with those of 10 preterm infants with no BPD and 20 healthy term infants. In infants with severe BPD, PH was noted in 5 (25%) by tricuspid regurgitation Doppler jet ≥2...
December 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067830/bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-chronic-lung-disease-of-infancy-and-long-term-pulmonary-outcomes
#12
REVIEW
Lauren M Davidson, Sara K Berkelhamer
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disease most commonly seen in premature infants who required mechanical ventilation and oxygen therapy for acute respiratory distress. While advances in neonatal care have resulted in improved survival rates of premature infants, limited progress has been made in reducing rates of BPD. Lack of progress may in part be attributed to the limited therapeutic options available for prevention and treatment of BPD. Several lung-protective strategies have been shown to reduce risks, including use of non-invasive support, as well as early extubation and volume ventilation when intubation is required...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079864/bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-and-pulmonary-hypertension-a-meta-analysis
#13
G Al-Ghanem, P Shah, S Thomas, L Banfield, S El Helou, C Fusch, A Mukerji
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a complication of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) but the true impact of PH in patients with BPD remains unclear. We sought to systematically review and meta-analyze incidence of PH in BPD and compare clinical outcomes of BPD patients with PH to those without PH in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Medline, Embase, PsychINFO and CINAHL were searched from January 2000 through December 2015. Cohort, case-control and randomized studies were included...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045472/inhaled-nitric-oxide-for-respiratory-failure-in-preterm-infants
#14
REVIEW
Keith J Barrington, Neil Finer, Thomas Pennaforte
BACKGROUND: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is effective in term infants with hypoxic respiratory failure. The pathophysiology of respiratory failure and the potential risks of iNO differ substantially in preterm infants, necessitating specific study in this population. OBJECTIVES: To determine effects of treatment with inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) on death, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) or other serious brain injury and on adverse long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm newborn infants with hypoxic respiratory failure...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940717/inhaled-corticosteroids-for-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Eric S Shinwell, Igor Portnov, Joerg J Meerpohl, Tanja Karen, Dirk Bassler
CONTEXT: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants remains a major health burden despite many therapeutic interventions. Inhaled corticosteroids (IC) may be a safe and effective therapy. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of IC for prevention or treatment of BPD or death in preterm infants. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, and CINAHL from their inception until November 2015 together with other relevant sources...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986502/pathophysiology-screening-and-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-infants-with-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Gabriel Altit, Adrian Dancea, Claudia Renaud, Thérèse Perreault, Larry C Lands, Guilherme Sant'Anna
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a common complication of extreme prematurity, which has increased over the last 20 years. BPD is associated with increased morbidities and mortality. It has been increasingly recognized that BPD affects overall lung development including the pulmonary vasculature. More recent studies have demonstrated an increased awareness of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PH) in BPD patients and recent international guidelines have advocated for better screening. This review will describe the current understanding of the pathophysiology of PH in infants with BPD, the in-depth assessment of the available literature linking PH and BPD, and propose an approach of screening and diagnosis of PH in infants with BPD...
November 9, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989587/cellular-and-humoral-biomarkers-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#17
Charitharth Vivek Lal, Namasivayam Ambalavanan
The pathogenesis of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) is multifactorial and the clinical phenotype of BPD is extremely variable. Predicting BPD is difficult, as it is a disease with a clinical operational definition but many clinical phenotypes and endotypes. Most biomarkers studied over the years have low predictive accuracy, and none are currently used in routine clinical care or shown to be useful for predicting longer-term respiratory outcome. Targeted cellular and humoral biomarkers and novel systems biology 'omic' based approaches including genomic and microbiomic analyses are described in this review...
December 15, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843119/potential-nutrients-for-preventing-or-treating-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#18
REVIEW
Liya Ma, Ping Zhou, Josef Neu, Hung-Chih Lin
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a frequent complication occurring in extremely preterm infants. Despite recent advances in newborn medicine, the incidence of BPD does not appear to have changed markedly, and specific treatments and prevention strategies are still lacking. Nutrition plays an important role in normal lung development and maturation. Malnutrition may delay somatic growth and new alveoli development, thus aggravating pulmonary injury involved in the pathogenesis of BPD. However, few nutrients have been investigated for their potential to mitigate the pathogenesis of BPD...
September 15, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852668/less-invasive-surfactant-administration-versus-intubation-for-surfactant-delivery-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Jose C Aldana-Aguirre, Merlin Pinto, Robin M Featherstone, Manoj Kumar
CONTEXT: In spontaneously breathing preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) receiving nasal continuous positive airway pressure, a method of less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) using a thin catheter has been described as an alternative to endotracheal intubation for surfactant delivery to reduce lung injury. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing LISA with the standard method of surfactant delivery for clinical outcomes...
January 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893721/biomarkers-associated-with-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-mortality-in-premature-infants
#20
Jessica Balena-Borneman, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Hemant K Tiwari, Russell L Griffin, Brian Halloran, David Askenazi
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) portends lifelong organ impairment and death. Our ability to predict BPD in first days of life is limited, but could be enhanced using novel biomarkers. METHODS: Using an available clinical and urine biomarker database obtained from a prospective 113 infant cohort (birth weight ≤1,200 g and/or gestational age ≤31 wk), we evaluated the independent association of 14 urine biomarkers with BPD/mortality. RESULTS: Two of the 14 urine biomarkers were independently associated with BPD/mortality after controlling for gestational age (GA), small for gestational age (SGA), and intubation status...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
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