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Fetal CPAM

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5 papers 0 to 25 followers
By M Munn
Magdalena Litwińska, Ewelina Litwińska, Katarzyna Janiak, Anna Piaseczna-Piotrowska, Ewa Gulczyńska, Krzysztof Szaflik
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of thoracoamniotic shunts for drainage of macrocystic-type congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 12 fetuses with a large thoracic cyst treated with thoracoamniotic shunting between 2004 and 2014 in a tertiary fetal therapy center. Medline was searched to identify cases of CCAM treated with thoracoamniotic shunting. RESULTS: In all cases the thoracic cyst was associated with major mediastinal shift, the CCAM volume ratio (CVR) was >1...
August 5, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Mafalda David, Ruben Lamas-Pinheiro, Tiago Henriques-Coelho
Congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) is one of the most common lung lesions detected prenatally. Despite the research efforts made in the past few years, controversy and lack of clarity in the literature still exist regarding nomenclature, classification, pathogenesis and the management of CPAM. Therefore, it is of greatest importance to delineate the natural history of CPAMs and to create a consensus to guide the management and follow-up of these lesions. This review will focus on classification systems, highlighting the most recent advancements in pathogenesis, and current practice in the prenatal diagnosis of CPAM...
2016: Neonatology
Astrid Hellmund, Christoph Berg, Annegret Geipel, Meike Bludau, Andreas Heydweiller, Haitham Bachour, Andreas Müller, Annette Müller, Ulrich Gembruch
OBJECTIVE: To describe antenatal findings and evaluate prenatal risk parameters for adverse outcome or need for intervention in fetuses with congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM). METHODS: In our retrospective study all fetuses with a prenatal diagnosis of CPAM detected in our tertiary referral center between 2002 and 2013 were analyzed. Sonographic findings were noted and measurements of mass-to-thorax-ratio (MTR), congenital pulmonary airway malformation volume-ratio (CVR) and observed to expected lung-to head-ratio (o/e LHR) were conducted and correlated to fetal or neonatal morbidity and mortality and/or need for prenatal intervention...
2016: PloS One
S C Derderian, A M Coleman, C Jeanty, F Y Lim, A M Shaaban, J A Farrell, S Hirose, T C MacKenzie, H Lee
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAMs) are rare congenital lung lesions often diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound. High-risk cases can result in hydrops and prenatal or postnatal demise. Antenatal betamethasone has resulted in improved survival but it is unclear how to manage patients who do not respond to a single course. METHODS: We present a bi-institutional retrospective review of patients treated with multiple courses of prenatal steroids for high-risk CPAMs between 2007 and 2013...
April 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Richard G Azizkhan, Timothy M Crombleholme
Congenital cystic lung disease comprises a broad spectrum of rare but clinically significant developmental abnormalities, including congenital pulmonary adenomatoid malformations, bronchopulmonary sequestrations, bronchogenic cysts, and congenital lobar emphysema that result from perturbations in lung and airway embryogenesis. As congenital lung lesions are now more commonly recognized antenatally, mothers require accurate prenatal counseling and appropriate perinatal management. In light of long-term complications of infection and malignancy, there is growing consensus that infants with asymptomatic lesions should undergo elective excision of congenital pulmonary adenomatoid malformation (CPAM) or bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS)...
June 2008: Pediatric Surgery International
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