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Exercise and stress: ParuchMD

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12 papers 25 to 100 followers
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
Kornanong Yuenyongchaiwat
BACKGROUND: Being overweight is associated not only with physical health problems, but also with risk of mental health problems. Increased physical activity (PA) has been recommended for the prevention of cardiovascular disease; however, little is known about the effect of walking on physical and mental health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to explore the effectiveness of a pedometer-based PA intervention on physical and mental health states. METHOD: Thirty-five overweight participants with body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg•m-2 were selected and assigned to a 12-week pedometer-based walking program (10,000 steps•d-1)...
June 16, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Mark S Allen, Christopher A Magee, Stewart A Vella, Sylvain Laborde
OBJECTIVE: Personality and physical activity are important for critical life outcomes. This study tested the hypothesis that there is a bidirectional association between personality and physical activity. METHOD: A nationally representative sample of 10,227 Australian adults (5,422 women; 4,805 men) completed self-report measures of physical activity and personality in 2006 (Time 1), 2010 (Time 2), and 2014 (Time 3). A latent change score modeling approach was used to test bidirectional associations, controlling for age, sex, education, physical health, and mental health...
April 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
John Jouper, Peter Hassmén
Adherence to exercise is paramount if desired health effects are to be achieved. Drop-out rates in excess of 50% have been reported, with the intensity of the exercise performed frequently blamed. Qigong is a low-intensity mind-body technique that may offer an alternative to more intense modes of exercise. The aim of this study was therefore, to determine if exercise motives, exercise intention, age, stress and energy levels predict adherence to qigong exercise. Participants (n=87) were assessed by self-rated retrospective physical activity behavior, by performed qigong exercise and concentration level, and by sport motivation scale, planned behavior questionnaire, and stress and energy scale...
April 2009: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Jill S Budden, Brad J Sagarin
Many individuals intend to exercise, but fail to link this intention to behavior. The present study examined the impact of an implementation intention intervention (i.e., instructions to form specific if-then plans) on an exercise intention-behavior relationship among working adults who varied in reported occupational stress levels. Results indicated that implementation intentions backfired, such that participants who did not form an implementation intention exercised significantly more than participants who formed an implementation intention...
October 2007: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
R B Kelly, S J Zyzanski, S A Alemagno
Dimensions of health beliefs (perceived risk of behavior and benefit of behavior change), social support (family and others' support for change), and self-efficacy (magnitude and strength) were examined in 215 patients undergoing a prospective trial of health promotion in a primary care medical practice. Discriminant analyses were performed to evaluate how well these dimensions predicted motivation for change and lifestyle behavior change. These relationships were examined for six lifestyle areas: cigarette smoking, dealing with stress, amount and type of food eaten, use of seat belts, and exercise habits...
1991: Social Science & Medicine
Tobias Esch, George B Stefano
Stress can facilitate disease processes and causes strain on the health care budgets. It is responsible or involved in many human ailments of our time, such as cardiovascular illnesses, particularly related to the psychosocial stressors of daily life, including work. Besides pharmacological or clinical medical treatment options, behavioral stress reduction is much-needed. These latter approaches rely on an endogenous healing potential via life-style modification. Hence, research has suggested different ways and approaches to self-treat stress or buffer against stressors and their impacts...
June 30, 2010: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Brandi T Cuevas, Daniel C Hughes, Dorothy Long Parma, Rose A Treviño-Whitaker, Sagar Ghosh, Rong Li, Amelie G Ramirez
PURPOSE: Reduced stress and reduced risk of cancer recurrence are among the many benefits of physical activity (PA) for cancer survivors. Exercise behaviors are linked to motivational factors. We investigated the associations between motivational profile, self-reported levels of PA and stress, and mental functioning in 94 posttreatment breast cancer survivors who voluntarily enrolled in an exercise program. METHODS: Participants completed the Apter Motivational Style Profile (AMSP), Lifetime of Physical Activity (LTPA) Questionnaire, International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), Medical Outcomes Short Form SF-36® (SF-36), and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and provided 10 saliva specimens (to measure cortisol levels)...
April 2014: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Mirko Wegner, Julia Schüler, Henning Budde
It has been previously shown that the implicit affiliation motive - the need to establish and maintain friendly relationships with others - leads to chronic health benefits. The underlying assumption for the present research was that the implicit affiliation motive also moderates the salivary cortisol response to acute psychological stress when some aspects of social evaluation and uncontrollability are involved. By contrast we did not expect similar effects in response to exercise as a physical stressor. Fifty-nine high school students aged M=14...
October 2014: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Markus Gerber, Magnus Lindwall, Serge Brand, Christin Lang, Catherine Elliot, Uwe Pühse
Stress exposure may undermine exercisers' capability to self-regulate their exercise behaviour. This longitudinal study examined the interplay between perceived stress, exercise self-regulation (assessment of action and coping planning) and participation in vigorous exercise in vocational students. Moreover, this study examined whether high exercise self-regulation moderates the assumed negative relationship between stress and exercise. A sample of 580 physically active vocational students ([Formula: see text] ± s 17...
2015: Journal of Sports Sciences
Matthew A Stults-Kolehmainen, Rajita Sinha
BACKGROUND: Psychological stress and physical activity (PA) are believed to be reciprocally related; however, most research examining the relationship between these constructs is devoted to the study of exercise and/or PA as an instrument to mitigate distress. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to review the literature investigating the influence of stress on indicators of PA and exercise. METHODS: A systematic search of Web of Science, PubMed, and SPORTDiscus was employed to find all relevant studies focusing on human participants...
January 2014: Sports Medicine
Nicola J Wiles, Anne M Haase, Debbie A Lawlor, Andy Ness, Glyn Lewis
PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the association between physical activity (PA), measured objectively, and adolescent depressive symptoms. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is an association between objective measures of PA (total PA and time spent in moderate and vigorous PA (MVPA)) and adolescent depressive symptoms. METHODS: Data on 2,951 adolescents participating in ALSPAC were used. Depressive symptoms were measured using the self-report Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ) (short version)...
July 2012: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Debbie M Ng, Robert W Jeffery
The study examined associations between perceived stress and fat intake, exercise, alcohol consumption, and smoking behaviors. Data were from surveys of 12,110 individuals in 26 worksites participating in the SUCCESS project (D. J. Hennrikus, R. W. Jeffery, & H. A. Lando, 1995), a study of smoking cessation interventions. Linear regression analyses examined cross-sectional associations between stress level and health behaviors. Analyses were stratified by gender and controlled for demographics. High stress for both men and women was associated with a higher fat diet, less frequent exercise, cigarette smoking, recent increases in smoking, less self-efficacy to quit smoking, and less self-efficacy to not smoke when stressed...
November 2003: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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