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Journal 20/04

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3 papers 0 to 25 followers
Jorge Lopez-Castroman, Isabelle Jaussent, Philip Gorwood, Philippe Courtet
BACKGROUND: Suicidal thoughts and behaviors could be associated to a poor response to antidepressant treatment, but the exclusion of suicidal patients from randomized clinical trials restricts the available knowledge. In this study, we aimed at defining more precisely the response to antidepressants among suicidal patients and the threshold of suicidality that best predicts a poor response. METHOD: We investigated the short-term response to a new antidepressant treatment of 4,041 depressed outpatients depending on their suicidal status (passive or active suicidal ideation (SI), history of suicide attempts [SAs]), either self-rated or clinician-rated...
June 2016: Depression and Anxiety
Katie L Burkhouse, Autumn Kujawa, Amy E Kennedy, Stewart A Shankman, Scott A Langenecker, K Luan Phan, Heide Klumpp
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a well-established treatment for anxiety and depression; however, response to CBT is heterogeneous across patients and many remain symptomatic after therapy, raising the need to identify prospective predictors for treatment planning. Altered neural processing of reward has been implicated in both depression and anxiety, and improving hedonic capacity is a goal of CBT. However, little is known about how neural response to reward relates to CBT outcomes in depression and anxiety...
April 2016: Depression and Anxiety
Naomi Sadeh, Erika J Wolf, Mark W Logue, Jasmeet P Hayes, Annjanette Stone, L Michelle Griffin, Steven A Schichman, Mark W Miller
BACKGROUND: DNA methylation of the SKA2 gene has recently been implicated as a biomarker of suicide risk and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). To examine the specificity and reliability of these findings, we examined associations between SKA2 DNA methylation, broad dimensions of psychiatric symptoms, and suicide phenotypes in adults with high levels of trauma exposure. METHODS: A total of 466 White, non-Hispanic veterans and their intimate partners (65% male) underwent clinical assessment and had blood drawn for genotyping and methylation analysis...
April 2016: Depression and Anxiety
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