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Samar Noureddine, Tamar Avedissian, Hussain Isma'eel, Mazen J El Sayed
BACKGROUND: The survival rate of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) victims in Lebanon is low. A national policy on resuscitation practice is lacking. This survey explored the practices of emergency physicians related to the resuscitation of OHCA victims in Lebanon. METHODS: A sample of 705 physicians working in emergency departments (EDs) was recruited and surveyed using the LimeSurvey software (Carsten Schmitz, Germany). Seventy-five participants responded, yielding 10...
July 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
Amanda Chidiac, Hani Tamim, Mohamad Kanso, Arafat Tfayli
INTRODUCTION: The tobacco epidemic is a major public health threat facing the world. Tobacco dependence is recognized as the greatest preventable cause of disease and death. Medical students are in key position influencing future tobacco cessation programs. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of smoking among medical students across Lebanon and their smoking attitudes. It also investigates their attitude toward smoking, showing where they really stand on this major public health issue...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Rima R Habib, Ghandour Blanche, Fares Souha, Fadi El-Jardali, Iman Nuwayhid
INTRODUCTION: Hospital accreditation can be an incentive to improve occupational health and safety (OHS) performance. OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the relationship between status of accreditation among private Lebanese hospitals and compliance with OHS accreditation standards. METHODS: A survey was administered to 68 private Lebanese hospitals to assess accreditation status and specific indicators related to each of the 9 OHS codes in the Lebanese accreditation manual...
July 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Marianne Majdalani, Nadine Milad, Zeyad Sahli, Sarah Rizk
Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) constitutes 5-10% of all cases of cholecystitis in adults, and is even less common in children. The recent literature has described an association between primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and AAC, however, it still remains an uncommon presentation of the infection. Most authors advise that the management of AAC in patients with primary EBV infection should be supportive, since the use of antibiotics does not seem to alter the severity or prognosis of the illness...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Abla Mehio Sibai, Mohamad Iskandarani, Andrea Darzi, Rima Nakkash, Shadi Saleh, Souha Fares, Nahla Hwalla
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the distribution of cigarette smoking by place and persons at the national level or its burden on healthcare expenditure in countries of the Middle East. We examine in this study the pattern of cigarette smoking by age, gender and geography and assess its association with hospitalisation use in Lebanon, a small middle-income country in the Middle East. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: The study draws on data collected as part of the nationwide multistage cluster sample Nutrition and Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factor survey conducted in Lebanon in 2009...
April 8, 2016: BMJ Open
Antoine Abou Rached, Selim Abou Kheir, Jowana Saba, Walid Ammar
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Hepatitis B and C are two potentially life threatening liver infections. Lebanon is ranked as a zone of moderate endemicity. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B and C in Lebanon and their distribution according to age, region and sex. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This national prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2011 till December 2012 in the six Lebanese Governorates in collaboration with municipalities, the Ministry of Public Health, Health Centres and dispensaries...
March 2016: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
Antoine Abou Rached, Lara El Khoury, Talal El Imad, Abdallah S Geara, Josette Jreijiry, Walid Ammar
AIM: To determine the incidence and the prevalence of hepatitis B and C viral infections in patients on hemodialysis (HD) across Lebanon. METHODS: We reviewed the data registry at the Lebanese Ministry of Public Health where records of monthly hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) serology are reported from 60 affiliated HD centers across Lebanon. All patients who were on HD or who started HD between October 2010 and July 2012 were included in the study...
January 6, 2016: World Journal of Nephrology
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