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Well-being: ParuchMD

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19 papers 25 to 100 followers
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
Nicola Cellini
In recent years sleep-related memory consolidation has become a central topic in the sleep research field. Several studies have shown that in healthy individuals sleep promotes memory consolidation. Notwithstanding this, the consequences of sleep disorders on offline memory consolidation remain poorly investigated. Research studies indicate that patients with insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, and narcolepsy often exhibit sleep-related impairment in the consolidation of declarative and procedural information...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Julian Hanske, Christian P Meyer, Jesse D Sammon, Toni K Choueiri, Mani Menon, Stuart R Lipsitz, Joachim Noldus, Paul L Nguyen, Maxine Sun, Quoc-Dien Trinh
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of marital status on the use of screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer. METHODS: We relied on 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey age-appropriate screening cohorts. Appropriate screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer was determined according to United States Preventive Services Task Force recommendations in effect at the time of the 2012 survey. Complex samples logistic regression models were performed to examine the effect of marital status on cancer screening...
August 2016: Preventive Medicine
Paul D Loprinzi, Jeremy P Loenneke, Haitham M Ahmed, Michael J Blaha
OBJECTIVE: Examine the joint effects of objectively-measured sedentary time and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) on all-cause mortality. METHODS: The present study included data from the 2003-2006 National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey, with mortality follow-up data (via National Death Index) through 2011 (N=5575U.S. adults). Sedentary time (activity counts/min between 0 and 99) and MVPA (activity counts/min ≥2020) were objectively measured using the ActiGraph 7164 accelerometer...
September 2016: Preventive Medicine
Bette Liu, Sarah Floud, Kirstin Pirie, Jane Green, Richard Peto, Valerie Beral
BACKGROUND: Poor health can cause unhappiness and poor health increases mortality. Previous reports of reduced mortality associated with happiness could be due to the increased mortality of people who are unhappy because of their poor health. Also, unhappiness might be associated with lifestyle factors that can affect mortality. We aimed to establish whether, after allowing for the poor health and lifestyle of people who are unhappy, any robust evidence remains that happiness or related subjective measures of wellbeing directly reduce mortality...
February 27, 2016: Lancet
Daniel Kahneman, Angus Deaton
Recent research has begun to distinguish two aspects of subjective well-being. Emotional well-being refers to the emotional quality of an individual's everyday experience--the frequency and intensity of experiences of joy, stress, sadness, anger, and affection that make one's life pleasant or unpleasant. Life evaluation refers to the thoughts that people have about their life when they think about it. We raise the question of whether money buys happiness, separately for these two aspects of well-being. We report an analysis of more than 450,000 responses to the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index, a daily survey of 1,000 US residents conducted by the Gallup Organization...
September 21, 2010: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Carol D Ryff
This article reviews research and interventions that have grown up around a model of psychological well-being generated more than two decades ago to address neglected aspects of positive functioning such as purposeful engagement in life, realization of personal talents and capacities, and enlightened self-knowledge. The conceptual origins of this formulation are revisited and scientific products emerging from 6 thematic areas are examined: (1) how well-being changes across adult development and later life; (2) what are the personality correlates of well-being; (3) how well-being is linked with experiences in family life; (4) how well-being relates to work and other community activities; (5) what are the connections between well-being and health, including biological risk factors, and (6) via clinical and intervention studies, how psychological well-being can be promoted for ever-greater segments of society...
2014: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Mingyang Song, Edward Giovannucci
IMPORTANCE: Lifestyle factors are important for cancer development. However, a recent study has been interpreted to suggest that random mutations during stem cell divisions are the major contributor to human cancer. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of cases and deaths of carcinoma (all cancers except skin, brain, lymphatic, hematologic, and nonfatal prostate malignancies) among whites in the United States that can be potentially prevented by lifestyle modification...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Oncology
Raj Chetty, Michael Stepner, Sarah Abraham, Shelby Lin, Benjamin Scuderi, Nicholas Turner, Augustin Bergeron, David Cutler
IMPORTANCE: The relationship between income and life expectancy is well established but remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To measure the level, time trend, and geographic variability in the association between income and life expectancy and to identify factors related to small area variation. DESIGN AND SETTING: Income data for the US population were obtained from 1.4 billion deidentified tax records between 1999 and 2014. Mortality data were obtained from Social Security Administration death records...
April 26, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Abiola Keller, Kristin Litzelman, Lauren E Wisk, Torsheika Maddox, Erika Rose Cheng, Paul D Creswell, Whitney P Witt
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the relationship among the amount of stress, the perception that stress affects health, and health and mortality outcomes in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: Data from the 1998 National Health Interview Survey were linked to prospective National Death Index mortality data through 2006. Separate logistic regression models were used to examine the factors associated with current health status and psychological distress...
September 2012: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Natasha J Williams, Michael A Grandner, Douglas M Wallace, Yendelela Cuffee, Collins Airhihenbuwa, Kolawole Okuyemi, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Girardin Jean-Louis
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the social and behavioral predictors of insufficient sleep. OBJECTIVE: To assess the social and behavioral predictors of insufficient sleep in the U.S. METHODS: Data from the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were analyzed. Telephone interviews were conducted in six representative states that completed the optional sleep module. A total of 31,059 respondents were included in the present analysis...
February 2016: Sleep Medicine
Linda S Pescatello, Barry A Franklin, Robert Fagard, William B Farquhar, George A Kelley, Chester A Ray
Hypertension (HTN), one of the most common medical disorders, is associated with an increased incidence of all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Lifestyle modifications are advocated for the prevention, treatment, and control of HTN, with exercise being an integral component. Exercise programs that primarily involve endurance activities prevent the development of HTN and lower blood pressure (BP) in adults with normal BP and those with HTN. The BP lowering effects of exercise are most pronounced in people with HTN who engage in endurance exercise with BP decreasing approximately 5-7 mm HG after an isolated exercise session (acute) or following exercise training (chronic)...
March 2004: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
David Nunan, Kamal R Mahtani, Nia Roberts, Carl Heneghan
BACKGROUND: The evidence that higher levels of physical activity and/or lower levels of physical inactivity are associated with beneficial health-related outcomes stems mainly from observational studies. Findings from these studies often differ from randomised controlled trials and systematic reviews currently demonstrate mixed results, due partly to heterogeneity in physical activity interventions, methodologies used and populations studied. As a result, translation into clinical practice has been difficult...
2013: Systematic Reviews
Heather Ohly, Sarah Gentry, Rachel Wigglesworth, Alison Bethel, Rebecca Lovell, Ruth Garside
BACKGROUND: School gardening programmes are increasingly popular, with suggested benefits including healthier eating and increased physical activity. Our objectives were to understand the health and well-being impacts of school gardens and the factors that help or hinder their success. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of quantitative and qualitative evidence (PROSPERO CRD42014007181). We searched multiple databases and used a range of supplementary approaches...
March 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
Vasanti S Malik, Yanping Li, Deirdre K Tobias, An Pan, Frank B Hu
Dietary proteins are important modulators of glucose metabolism. However, few longitudinal studies have evaluated the associations between intake of protein and protein type and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We investigated the associations between total, animal, and vegetable protein and incident T2D in 72,992 women from the Nurses' Health Study (1984-2008), 92,088 women from Nurses' Health Study II (1991-2009) and 40,722 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2008). During 4,146,216 person-years of follow-up, we documented 15,580 cases of T2D...
April 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
Kristin L Schneider, Michael J Coons, H Gene McFadden, Christine A Pellegrini, Andrew DeMott, Juned Siddique, Donald Hedeker, Laura Aylward, Bonnie Spring
OBJECTIVE: The Make Better Choices 1 trial demonstrated that participants with unhealthy diet and activity behaviors who were randomized to increase fruits/vegetables and decrease sedentary leisure achieved greater diet and activity improvement than those randomized to change other pairs of eating and activity behaviors. Participants randomized to decrease saturated fat and increase physical activity achieved the least diet-activity improvement. This study examined which psychological mechanisms mediated the effects of the study treatments on healthy behavior change...
April 7, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Hilary Lapsley, Alison Pattie, John M Starr, Ian J Deary
BACKGROUND: This research report presents findings on 'start in life' from a qualitative study of 90-year-olds from the Lothian Birth Cohort 1921. The study aimed to contextualise the LBC1921 cohort in time and place, describe cohort members' experiences of family and schooling and stimulate further inquiry into the relationships between 'start in life' and risk and resilience factors relating to longevity and healthy ageing. Scottish education and family life in the early 1930s are briefly described...
April 1, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Marco Beato, Franco M Impellizzeri, Giuseppe Coratella, Federico Schena
There is a strong relationship between low physical activity level and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The popularity of football may be used to promote physical activity and previous evidence has shown it is effective to decrease the risk of CVD. However, the energy expenditure (EE) of recreational football is not well known but it is crucial to develop preventive health programmes. Fifteen sedentary middle-aged male participants were involved (mean ± SDs; age 43.9 ± 3.1 years, weight 83.0 ± 13.6 kg, height 174...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Yan Yang, Ruopeng An, Weimo Zhu
Using nationally representative data (N = 6,431) from the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we estimated the prevalence of self-reported adherence to guidelines-recommended physical activity level and prolonged sedentary behavior among US working adults 20 years of age and above by occupation. Sex and age were used for adjustment by direct standardization to the year 2000 Census population. Participants in "computer, mathematical" (47.77%) and "business, financial operations" (54...
November 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
C Robert Cloninger
Recent research on the relations of personality to well-being shows that the people who are most healthy, happy and fulfilled are those who are high in all three of the character traits of self-directedness, cooperativeness, and self-transcendence as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory. In the past, the healthy personality has often been considered to require only high self-directedness and high cooperativeness. However, now the self-centred behaviour of people who are low in self-transcendence is degrading the conditions needed for sustainable life by all human beings...
January 2013: Mens Sana Monographs
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