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Neurology

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83 papers 25 to 100 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25433678/treatable-inborn-errors-of-metabolism-presenting-as-cerebral-palsy-mimics-systematic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Emma L Leach, Michael Shevell, Kristin Bowden, Sylvia Stockler-Ipsiroglu, Clara D M van Karnebeek
BACKGROUND: Inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) have been anecdotally reported in the literature as presenting with features of cerebral palsy (CP) or misdiagnosed as 'atypical CP'. A significant proportion is amenable to treatment either directly targeting the underlying pathophysiology (often with improvement of symptoms) or with the potential to halt disease progression and prevent/minimize further damage. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review to identify all reports of IEMs presenting with CP-like symptoms before 5 years of age, and selected those for which evidence for effective treatment exists...
November 30, 2014: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1603726/neurologic-conditions-presenting-as-psychiatric-disorders
#2
REVIEW
D Z Skuster, K B Digre, J J Corbett
Neurologic disease can present as a psychiatric disorder. Understanding underlying neuroanatomic function helps physicians to localize defects and search for treatable neurologic conditions. Neurologic conditions such as Huntington's chorea, Wilson's disease, Gille de la Tourette syndrome, brain tumors, encephalitis and meningitis, neurodegenerative conditions and metabolic or toxic conditions can have psychiatric manifestations.
June 1992: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22284562/declining-school-performance-as-a-harbinger-of-a-treatable-neurodegenerative-condition
#3
Pankaj Prasun, Vinod K Misra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2012: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25145891/central-ocular-motor-disorders-including-gaze-palsy-and-nystagmus
#4
REVIEW
M Strupp, O Kremmyda, C Adamczyk, N Böttcher, C Muth, C W Yip, T Bremova
An impairment of eye movements, or nystagmus, is seen in many diseases of the central nervous system, in particular those affecting the brainstem and cerebellum, as well as in those of the vestibular system. The key to diagnosis is a systematic clinical examination of the different types of eye movements, including: eye position, range of eye movements, smooth pursuit, saccades, gaze-holding function and optokinetic nystagmus, as well as testing for the different types of nystagmus (e.g., central fixation nystagmus or peripheral vestibular nystagmus)...
September 2014: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25511120/a-treatable-metabolic-cause-of-encephalopathy-cobalamin-c-deficiency-in-an-8-year-old-male
#5
Jena M Krueger, Juan Piantino, Craig M Smith, Brad Angle, Charu Venkatesan, Mark S Wainwright
Neurologic regression in a previously healthy child may be caused by metabolic or neurodegenerative disorders, many of which have no definitive treatment. We report a case of a previously healthy 8-year-old boy who presented with a month-long history of waxing and waning encephalopathy and acute regression, followed by seizures. Evaluation for a metabolic disorder revealed methylmalonic acidemia and hyperhomocysteinemia of the cobalamin C type due to a single, presumed homozygous pathogenic c.394 C>T mutation in the MMACHC gene...
January 2015: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/7073298/brain-orientated-intensive-care-treatment-in-severe-neonatal-asphyxia-effects-of-phenobarbitone-protection
#6
N W Svenningsen, G Blennow, M Lindroth, P O Gäddlin, H Ahlström
The effect of applying brain-orientated neonatal intensive care for term infants with severe neonatal asphyxia was studied. Such treatment included protective phenobarbitone administration together with assisted ventilation and other measures to counteract postasphyxial cerebral oedema and any abrupt changes in blood pressure and oxygenation. The mortality rate and incidence of long-term sequelae were reduced appreciably, resulting in a 0-1 year mortality rate of 14% (previously 50%) and an incidence of neurodevelopmental handicap at 18 months of 17% (previously 50%)...
March 1982: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286222/2017-acc-aha-hrs-guideline-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-patients-with-syncope-executive-summary-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-the-heart-rhythm-society
#7
Win-Kuang Shen, Robert S Sheldon, David G Benditt, Mitchell I Cohen, Daniel E Forman, Zachary D Goldberger, Blair P Grubb, Mohamed H Hamdan, Andrew D Krahn, Mark S Link, Brian Olshansky, Satish R Raj, Roopinder Kaur Sandhu, Dan Sorajja, Benjamin C Sun, Clyde W Yancy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214165/agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum-and-aicardi-syndrome-a%C3%A2-neuroimaging-and-clinical-comparison
#8
T Govil-Dalela, A Kumar, R Agarwal, H T Chugani
BACKGROUND: Agenesis of the corpus callosum can occur in individuals with epilepsy, either in isolation or as part of various neurological conditions, such as Aicardi syndrome. In this study, we evaluated the clinical and neuroradiological differences between children with nonsyndromic agenesis of the corpus callosum and those with Aicardi syndrome. METHODS: We evaluated 31 children with epilepsy and agenesis of the corpus callosum (11 males, 20 females), 14 of whom had Aicardi syndrome (all females)...
March 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029552/epilepsia-partialis-continua-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Rūta Mameniškienė, Peter Wolf
Epilepsia partialis contina (EPC) in a narrow definition is a variant of simple focal motor status epilepticus in which frequent repetitive muscle jerks, usually arrhythmic, continue over prolonged periods of time. In a broader definition (used in this review) it also includes non-motor manifestations otherwise known as aura continua. EPC may occur as a single episode, repetitive episodes, it may be chronic progressive or non-progressive. It appears as an unusual manifestation of epilepsy in which more typical paroxysmal events are partly or entirely replaced by the sustained repetition of seizure fragments in rapid succession...
January 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572861/pediatric-transverse-myelitis
#10
Michael Absoud, Benjamin M Greenberg, Ming Lim, Tim Lotze, Terrence Thomas, Kumaran Deiva
Pediatric acute transverse myelitis (ATM) is an immune-mediated CNS disorder and contributes to 20% of children experiencing a first acquired demyelinating syndrome (ADS). ATM must be differentiated from other presentations of myelopathy and may be the first presentation of relapsing ADS such as neuromyelitis optica (NMO) or multiple sclerosis (MS). The tenets of the diagnostic criteria for ATM established by the Transverse Myelitis Consortium Working Group can generally be applied in children; however, a clear sensory level may not be evident in some...
August 30, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017016/migrainous-aura-visual-snow-and-alice-in-wonderland-syndrome-in-childhood
#11
REVIEW
Reena Gogia Rastogi, Juliana VanderPluym, Kara Stuart Lewis
Migraine is a condition that is common in the pediatric and adolescent population. Among children with migraine, visual aura can consist of either negative or positive features or both. Reports of sensory auras can also be elicited with a careful history. The understanding of the types of aura, as well as their relation to the more typical features of migraine, are discussed. The similar phenomena of visual snow and Alice in Wonderland syndrome in children are also described in detail.
February 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017015/abdominal-migraine
#12
REVIEW
Paul Winner
Abdominal migraine is one of the episodic syndromes that may be associated with migraine, which often has its initial presentation in childhood. Recognition of these 2 conditions in the pediatric population is paramount to establish an appropriate diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. The aim of this article is to review the most recent International Classification of Headache Disorders-3 beta for abdominal migraine, and discuss the differential diagnosis and current suggested management.
February 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181921/feed-induced-dystonias-in-children-with-severe-central-nervous-system-disorders
#13
Santosh Mordekar, Manjula Velayudhan, David I Campbell
Dystonias can arise from any painful stimuli in neurologically disabled children. Classically, feed induced dystonias from mediastinal pain due to severe gastroesophageal reflux disease are described as Sandifer's spasm. We report a case series of 12 severely neurologically impaired children with enteral feed induced dystonias. Intestinal dysmotility was demonstrated in several. Improvements are seen with jejunal feeds or gut rest with Total Parenteral Nutrition. Use of parenteral nutrition in children with severe neurodisability requires thorough discussion with patient groups and commissioners to give clinicians guidelines to standardise care...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21956720/evidence-report-genetic-and-metabolic-testing-on-children-with-global-developmental-delay-report-of-the-quality-standards-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology-and-the-practice-committee-of-the-child-neurology-society
#14
REVIEW
D J Michelson, M I Shevell, E H Sherr, J B Moeschler, A L Gropman, S Ashwal
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence concerning the diagnostic yield of genetic and metabolic evaluation of children with global developmental delay or intellectual disability (GDD/ID). METHODS: Relevant literature was reviewed, abstracted, and classified according to the 4-tiered American Academy of Neurology classification of evidence scheme. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: In patients with GDD/ID, microarray testing is diagnostic on average in 7...
October 25, 2011: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24304390/status-dystonicus-a-practice-guide
#15
REVIEW
Nicholas M Allen, Jean-Pierre Lin, Tim Lynch, Mary D King
Status dystonicus is a rare, but life-threatening movement disorder emergency. Urgent assessment is required and management is tailored to patient characteristics and complications. The use of dystonia action plans and early recognition of worsening dystonia may potentially facilitate intervention or prevent progression to status dystonicus. However, for established status dystonicus, rapidly deployed temporizing measures and different depths of sedation in an intensive care unit or high dependency unit are the most immediate and effective modalities for abating life-threatening spasms, while dystonia-specific treatment takes effect...
February 2014: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26492121/dyke-davidoff-masson-syndrome-an-unusual-cause-of-status-epilepticus
#16
Ifrah Zawar, Ashfa A Khan, Tipu Sultan, Ahsan W Rathore
The Dyke-Davidoff-Masson Syndrome (DDMS) results from an insult to the growing brain in utero or early infancy, which lead to loss of neurons compromising the growth of the brain. Clinical presentation includes seizures, hemiparesis, facial asymmetry, and learning disability. Radiological findings include cerebral atrophy on one side. Here, we present a case with status epilepticus who had underlying DDMS. It is a rare syndrome and uncommon cause for status epilepticus. Infections of CNS, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, intracranial bleed, trauma, congenital vascular malformations are the common causes of this syndrome...
October 2015: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017022/complementary-and-integrative-approaches-for-pediatric-headache
#17
REVIEW
Sita Kedia
In this article, the use of complementary and integrative medicine for the management of pediatric headache is reviewed. Despite limited numbers of studies for pediatric headaches, children and families seek these services. Integrative medicine focuses on treating the whole person, integrating conventional medicine with mind-body-spirit methods. Nutriceuticals include dietary supplements in the form of vitamins (vitamin D), minerals (magnesium), coenzyme Q, butterbur, and melatonin. Acupuncture, stimulation, physical therapy and Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulations (TENS) or Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) may also be useful in selected patients...
February 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095027/severe-and-extensive-traumatic-axonal-injury-following-minor-and-indirect-head-trauma
#18
Sung Ho Jang, Han Do Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study reports on a patient with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) who showed severe and extensive traumatic axonal injury (TAI) of various neural tracts following minor and indirect head trauma, which was demonstrated by diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 26-year-old female patient suffered from indirect head trauma resulting from flexion-hyperextension injury after being hit from behind by a slowly moving car. At the time of head trauma, she felt tingling sensation on her four extremities; however, she did not experience loss of consciousness...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23858412/lipoid-proteinosis-with-bilateral-amygdalae-calcifications-headache-and-cognitive-impairments
#19
David Arkadir, Israela Lerer, Laurent Klapholz, Michael Halpert, J P Newman, J Moshe Gomori, Alexander Lossos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2013: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23439709/teaching-neuroimages-lipoid-proteinosis-urbach-wiethe-disease-typical-findings-in-this-rare-genodermatosis
#20
Marcelo Bianco Quirici, Antonio J da Rocha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2013: Neurology
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