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Fetal viral infections

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8 papers 0 to 25 followers
By M Munn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607910/update-on-treatment-of-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-pregnancy-and-of-the-newborn-with-congenital-cytomegalovirus
#1
William D Rawlinson, Stuart T Hamilton, Wendy J van Zuylen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to assess the recent studies of therapy of pregnant women and neonates, aimed at preventing the consequences of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. RECENT FINDINGS: A recent randomized controlled trial of treatment of CMV during pregnancy with hyperimmune globulin did not show significant efficacy in prevention of foetal infection and morbidity, although there was a trend towards improvement with treatment...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25454992/screening-prevention-and-treatment-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus
#2
REVIEW
Julie Johnson, Brenna Anderson
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a leading cause of permanent disability in children. The main source of maternal infection is from contact with young children. Primary maternal infection is diagnosed with demonstration of seroconversion or a positive CMV IgM in combination with a low-avidity CMV IgG. Fetal infection may be diagnosed with amniotic fluid polymerase chain reaction and culture. CMV-specific hyperimmune globulin has shown promise as a possible means to prevent congenital infection; large randomized trials are ongoing...
December 2014: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24781057/managing-infections-in-pregnancy
#3
REVIEW
Yves Ville, Marianne Leruez-Ville
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The management of infection in pregnancy aims mainly at improving the diagnosis and prognosis of congenital infections. Over 400 publications have dealt with this issue over the last 2 years, taking advantage of progress made not only in the epidemiological knowledge of infections but also neonatal treatment and prenatal diagnosis and interventions. The focus remains largely on viral and parasitic infections, namely cytomegalovirus (CMV) and toxoplasmosis, with the appearance of influenza as part of recent and severe outbreaks...
June 2014: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26902990/diagnosis-and-antenatal-management-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection
#4
Brenna L Hughes, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common viral infection, affecting nearly 40,000 infants each year in the United States. Of seronegative women, 1-4% will acquire a primary infection during pregnancy, and the majority of these women will be asymptomatic. Prior maternal exposure to CMV does not preclude neonatal infection. The purpose of this document is to review diagnosis of primary maternal CMV infection, diagnosis of fetal CMV infection, and whether antenatal therapy is warranted. We recommend the following: (1) that women with a diagnosis of primary CMV infection in pregnancy be advised that the risk of congenital infection is 30-50%, on average, and that the severity of infection varies widely (Best Practice); (2) for women suspected of having primary CMV infection in pregnancy, we recommend that diagnosis should be either by IgG seroconversion or with positive CMV IgM, positive IgG, and low IgG avidity (grade 1B); (3) amniocentesis is the best option as a prenatal diagnostic tool to detect fetal congenital CMV infection, performed >21 weeks of gestation and >6 weeks from maternal infection (grade 1C); (4) we do not recommend routine screening of all pregnant women for evidence of primary CMV infection at this time (grade 1B); and (5) we do not recommend antenatal treatment with ganciclovir or valacyclovir; and we recommend that any antenatal therapy, either with antivirals or CMV hyperimmune globulin, should only be offered as part of a research protocol (Best Practice)...
June 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26454123/-38-hepatitis-b-in-pregnancy-screening-treatment-and-prevention-of-vertical-transmission
#5
REVIEW
Jodie Dionne-Odom, Alan T N Tita, Neil S Silverman
Between 800,000-1.4 million people in the United States and more than 240 million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Specific to pregnancy, an estimated prevalence of 0.7-0.9% for chronic hepatitis B infection among pregnant women in the United States has been reported, with >25,000 infants at risk for chronic infection born annually to these women. Vertical transmission of HBV from infected mothers to their fetuses or newborns, either in utero or peripartum, remains a major source of perpetuating the reservoir of chronically infected individuals globally...
January 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27287685/primary-maternal-cytomegalovirus-infections-accuracy-of%C3%A2-fetal-ultrasound-for-predicting-sequelae-in-offspring
#6
Mina Leyder, Anniek Vorsselmans, Elisa Done, Kim Van Berkel, Gilles Faron, Ina Foulon, Anne Naessens, Anna Jansen, Walter Foulon, Leonardo Gucciardo
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus infection is the most common perinatal viral infection that can lead to severe long-term medical conditions. Antenatal identification of maternal cytomegalovirus infections with proven fetal transmission and potential postnatal clinical sequelae remains a major challenge in perinatology. There is a need to improve the prenatal counseling offered to patients and guide future clinical management decisions in cases of proven primary cytomegalovirus infection. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the accuracy of fetal ultrasound for predicting sequelae in fetuses infected with congenital cytomegalovirus after maternal primary infection...
June 8, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063062/feasibility-of-predicting-the-outcome-of-fetal-infection-with-cytomegalovirus-at-the-time-of-prenatal-diagnosis
#7
Marianne Leruez-Ville, Julien Stirnemann, Yann Sellier, Tiffany Guilleminot, Anne Dejean, Jean-François Magny, Sophie Couderc, François Jacquemard, Yves Ville
BACKGROUND: Congenital cytomegalovirus infection occurs in 0.7% of live births with 15-20% of infected children developing long-term disability including hearing loss and cognitive deficit. Fetal cytomegalovirus infection is established by viral DNA amplification by polymerase chain reaction in amniotic fluid obtained by amniocentesis following maternal seroconversion or after the diagnosis of ultrasound features suggestive of fetal infection. Severe brain ultrasound anomalies are associated with a poor prognosis...
September 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16480851/pregnancy-outcome-following-infections-by-coxsackie-echo-measles-mumps-hepatitis-polio-and-encephalitis-viruses
#8
REVIEW
Asher Ornoy, Alexander Tenenbaum
Women may be infected during pregnancy with infectious agents that are often passed unnoticed; however, the causative agent may still traverse the placenta and infect the developing embryo and fetus. Several of these agents (i.e. rubella, cytomegalovirus or Toxoplasma Gondii) may cause severe fetal damage, but most other infections in pregnancy seem to be much less dangerous to the fetus. In this review we discuss the effects of several viral infections during pregnancy where the effects on the developing embryo and fetus are infrequent, but they may sometimes cause severe neonatal disease...
May 2006: Reproductive Toxicology
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