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By Nicolle Aguirre Residente de pediatría
M Brossard-Racine, A du Plessis, G Vezina, R Robertson, M Donofrio, W Tworetzky, C Limperopoulos
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Brain injury in neonates with congenital heart disease is an important predictor of adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. Impaired brain development in congenital heart disease may have a prenatal origin, but the sensitivity and specificity of fetal brain MR imaging for predicting neonatal brain lesions are currently unknown. We sought to determine the value of conventional fetal MR imaging for predicting abnormal findings on neonatal preoperative MR imaging in neonates with complex congenital heart disease...
July 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Nilesh M Mehta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Tom Fivez, Dorian Kerklaan, Dieter Mesotten, Sascha Verbruggen, Pieter J Wouters, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Yves Debaveye, Dirk Vlasselaers, Lars Desmet, Michael P Casaer, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Jan Hanot, Ari Joffe, Dick Tibboel, Koen Joosten, Greet Van den Berghe
BACKGROUND: Recent trials have questioned the benefit of early parenteral nutrition in adults. The effect of early parenteral nutrition on clinical outcomes in critically ill children is unclear. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial involving 1440 critically ill children to investigate whether withholding parenteral nutrition for 1 week (i.e., providing late parenteral nutrition) in the pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) is clinically superior to providing early parenteral nutrition...
March 24, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Willemijn J van Rijt, Geneviève D Koolhaas, Jolita Bekhof, M Rebecca Heiner Fokkema, Tom J de Koning, Gepke Visser, Peter C J I Schielen, Francjan J van Spronsen, Terry G J Derks
BACKGROUND: Many inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) may present as sudden infant death (SID). Nowadays, increasing numbers of patients with IEMs are identified pre-symptomatically by population neonatal bloodspot screening (NBS) programmes. However, some patients escape early detection because their symptoms and signs start before NBS test results become available, they even die even before the sample for NBS has been drawn or because there are IEMs which are not included in the NBS programmes...
2016: Neonatology
Emily Phillipos, Anne Lee Solevåg, Gerhard Pichler, Khalid Aziz, Sylvia van Os, Megan O'Reilly, Po-Yin Cheung, Georg M Schmölzer
BACKGROUND: Heart rate assessment immediately after birth in newborn infants is critical to the correct guidance of resuscitation efforts. There are disagreements as to the best method to measure heart rate. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess different methods of heart rate assessment in newborn infants at birth to determine the fastest and most accurate method. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and Google Scholar were systematically searched using the following terms: 'infant', 'heart rate', 'monitoring', 'delivery room', 'resuscitation', 'stethoscope', 'auscultation', 'palpation', 'pulse oximetry', 'electrocardiogram', 'Doppler ultrasound', 'photoplethysmography' and 'wearable sensors'...
2016: Neonatology
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