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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811156/screening-of-congenital-hypothyroidism-in-preterm-low-birth-weight-and-very-low-birth-weight-neonates-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Mahin Hashemipour, Silva Hovsepian, Arman Ansari, Mojtaba Keikha, Pooyan Khalighinejad, Negar Niknam
Evidence from different screening programs indicated that the rate of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) was higher in pre-term and low-birth-weight (LBW) newborns than normal ones. Incomplete development of hypothalamic-pituitary axis in this group of neonates results in the delayed rise of TSH and missing cases with CH. Hence, there is a great need for a practicable systematic screening method for proper diagnosis of CH in this group of neonates. In this review, we systematically reviewed papers with the following key words ([Congenital Hypothyroidism AND Screening AND Thyroxine AND Thyroid Stimulating Hormone AND Low Birth Weight AND Premature]) in international electronic databases including PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar...
July 22, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970314/nasal-injury-in-preterm-infants-receiving-non-invasive-respiratory-support-a-systematic-review
#2
Dilini I Imbulana, Brett J Manley, Jennifer A Dawson, Peter G Davis, Louise S Owen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622483/human-milk-fortifiers-do-not-meet-the-current-recommendation-for-nutrients-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#3
Winston Koo, Hilary Tice
BACKGROUND: Use of multinutrient fortifiers is standard of care for small preterm infants fed exclusively human milk. However, adequacy of human milk fortifiers (HMFs) to meet the recommended intake for macronutrients and micronutrients is now known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nutrient content of human milk fortified according to manufacturer's recommendations was compared at isocaloric levels for 1 human milk-based (HMF-A), 2 bovine milk protein-based (HMF-B, HMF-C), and 2 preterm infant formulas (PTF-B, PTF-C)...
June 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672762/critical-congenital-heart-disease-screening-with-a-pulse-oximetry-in-neonates
#4
Şahin Hamilçıkan, Emrah Can
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in newborn infants performed at <24 h and >24 h following. METHOD: Measurements were taken for each group at <24 h and >24 h following birth. Echocardiography was performed if the SpO2 readings remained abnormal results. RESULTS: A total of 4518 newborns were included in this prospective descriptive study. Of these, 2484 (60...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801177/uses-and-misuses-of-sodium-bicarbonate-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#5
Amélie Collins, Rakesh Sahni
Over the past several decades, bicarbonate therapy continues to be used routinely in the treatment of acute metabolic acidosis in critically ill neonates despite the lack of evidence for its effectiveness in the treatment of acid-base imbalance, and evidence indicating that it may be detrimental. Clinicians often feel compelled to use bicarbonate since acidosis implies a need for such therapy and thus the justification for its use is based on hearsay rather than science. This review summarizes the evidence and refutes the clinical practice of administering sodium bicarbonate to treat metabolic acidosis associated with several specific clinical syndromes in neonates...
October 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578361/current-umbilical-cord-clamping-practices-and-attitudes-of-obstetricians-and-midwives-toward-delayed-cord-clamping-in-saudi-arabia
#6
Nadia O Ibrahim, Hatouf H Sukkarieh, Rami T Bustami, Elaf A Alshammari, Lama Y Alasmari, Hanan M Al-Kadri
BACKGROUND: In Saudi Arabia, as in many countries, there is usually no clear definition of the timing of umbilical cord clamping (UCC) in the policies and procedures used by hospitals. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends delayed cord clamping (DCC) ( > 1 minute after birth) as it can significantly improve hemodynamics and long-term neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate current practices of healthcare professionals on the timing of UCC in Saudi Arabia...
May 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716943/paracetamol-acetaminophen-for-prevention-or-treatment-of-pain-in-newborns
#7
REVIEW
Arne Ohlsson, Prakeshkumar S Shah
BACKGROUND: Newborn infants have the ability to experience pain. Hospitalised infants are exposed to numerous painful procedures. Healthy newborns are exposed to pain if the birth process consists of assisted vaginal birth by vacuum extraction or by forceps and during blood sampling for newborn screening tests. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of paracetamol for the prevention or treatment of procedural/postoperative pain or pain associated with clinical conditions in neonates...
October 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461201/neoseal-to-prevent-nasal-injury-in-preterm-infants-receiving-oxygen-therapy
#8
Lina Kurdahi Badr, Mirvat Hasan Zeineddine, Hanan Abbas, Lama Charafeddine
PURPOSE: To determine if a foam septum protector prevents nasal injury in preterm infants receiving nasal heated humidified oxygen. DESIGN: A retrospective before and after comparative design was used. SAMPLE: Medical records of 101 preterm infants receiving either nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) or nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) were reviewed; 50 were in the control group and 51 were in the intervention group that had the NeoSeal septum protector applied...
2016: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26810788/prevention-and-management-of-procedural-pain-in-the-neonate-an-update
#9
(no author information available yet)
The prevention of pain in neonates should be the goal of all pediatricians and health care professionals who work with neonates, not only because it is ethical but also because repeated painful exposures have the potential for deleterious consequences. Neonates at greatest risk of neurodevelopmental impairment as a result of preterm birth (ie, the smallest and sickest) are also those most likely to be exposed to the greatest number of painful stimuli in the NICU. Although there are major gaps in knowledge regarding the most effective way to prevent and relieve pain in neonates, proven and safe therapies are currently underused for routine minor, yet painful procedures...
February 2016: Pediatrics
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