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Anemia

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8 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550819/red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-preterm-infants-current-evidence-and-controversies
#1
Claire Howarth, Jayanta Banerjee, Narendra Aladangady
The current evidence regarding the indication, advantages and risks of red blood cell transfusion (RBCT) for preterm infants is discussed. This is an important area in Neonatology to be examined given that 90% of extremely low birth weight infants receive RBCT and many controversies remain regarding when to transfuse and the risks of RBCT. The various treatment thresholds and guidelines used are presented and we compare the short-term clinical benefits of liberal and restrictive RBCT in preterm infants; the majority of these are equivocal and sadly long-term outcome data is limited...
March 16, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398552/current-practice-of-iron-prophylaxis-in-preterm-and-low-birth-weight-neonates-a-survey-among-italian-neonatal-units
#2
Emilia Parodi, Anna Ferrero, Barbara Perrone, Paola Saracco, Maria Teresa Giraudo, Daniela Regoli
BACKGROUND: Preterm babies are at high risk of iron deficiency. METHODS: We investigated current practices regarding iron prophylaxis in preterm and low birth weight newborns among Local Neonatal Units (LNUs, n = 74) and Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs, n = 20) of three Italian Regions (Piemonte, Marche and Lazio). RESULTS: Birth weight is considered an indicative parameter in only 64% of LNUs and 71% of NICUs, with a significant difference between LNUs in the three regions (86%, 20% and 62%, respectively; p < 0...
February 1, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017181/vitamin-e-in-the-preterm-infant-a-forgotten-cause-of-hemolytic-anemia
#3
Enrique Gomez-Pomar, Emily Hatfield, Karen Garlitz, Philip M Westgate, Henrietta S Bada
OBJECTIVE:  Vitamin E deficiency in premature infants has been associated with hemolytic anemia. Its incidence decreased after the supplementation of preterm formulas and parenteral nutrition with vitamin E. Despite this, some infants still develop hemolytic anemia and receive vitamin E. STUDY DESIGN:  Retrospective analysis of 70 infants admitted to a level IV intensive care unit and who developed hemolytic anemia and were treated with vitamin E. Infants were classified into two groups based on whether or not they responded to vitamin E therapy...
February 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457611/pros-and-cons-of-red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#4
EDITORIAL
San-Nan Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514234/red-blood-cell-transfusion-and-clinical-outcomes-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#5
Yu-Cheng Wang, Oi-Wa Chan, Ming-Chou Chiang, Peng-Hong Yang, Shih-Ming Chu, Jen-Fu Hsu, Ren-Huei Fu, Reyin Lien
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion is often considered a life-saving measure in critically ill neonates. The smallest and least mature infants tend to receive the largest amount of transfusions. RBC transfusion itself has also been suggested as an independent risk factor of poor clinical outcome in critical patients. Our aim is to study if there are associations between RBC transfusion and in-hospital mortality, short-term morbidities, and late neurodevelopmental outcome in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) preterm infants...
June 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26732078/anemia-and-transfusion-in-the-neonate
#6
REVIEW
Raffaella Colombatti, Laura Sainati, Daniele Trevisanuto
Neonatal anemia is a frequent occurrence in neonatal intensive care units. Red blood cell transfusion criteria in case of blood loss are clearly defined but optimal hemoglobin or hematocrit thresholds of transfusion for anemia due to decreased production or increased destruction are less evident. This review focuses on the causes of anemia in the newborn period and the most recent evidence-based treatment options, including transfusion and erythropoiesis-stimulating agents.
February 2016: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25300949/evidence-based-advances-in-transfusion-practice-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#7
REVIEW
Robert D Christensen, Patrick D Carroll, Cassandra D Josephson
BACKGROUND: Transfusions to neonates convey both benefits and risks, and evidence is needed to guide wise use. Such evidence is accumulating, but more information is needed to generate sound evidence-based practices. OBJECTIVE: We sought to analyze published information on nine aspects of transfusion practice in neonatal intensive care units. METHODS: We assigned 'categories of evidence' and 'recommendations' using the format of the United States Preventive Services Task Force of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...
2014: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26886231/severe-neonatal-anaemia-mri-findings-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome
#8
Inge A Zonnenberg, R Jeroen Vermeulen, Maartje W Rohaan, Mirjam M van Weissenbruch, Floris Groenendaal, Linda S de Vries
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Severe neonatal anaemia can impair cerebral oxygen supply. Data on long-term outcomes following severe neonatal anaemia are scarce. METHODS: Clinical data and neurodevelopmental outcome of 49 (near) term infants with haemoglobin concentration after birth <6.0 mmol/l were retrospectively collected and analysed. In a subgroup of 28 patients, amplitude-integrated EEG was available and in 25 infants cerebral MRI was obtained. Infants were followed up at 14-35 months of age and assessed with the Griffiths Scale of Mental Development or Bayley Scale of Infant Development...
2016: Neonatology
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