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Adiposopathy (\"sick fat\"): ParuchMD

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7 papers 0 to 25 followers Adiposopathy - the pathogenic potential of adipose tissue to promote metabolic disease. ##ParuchMD
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
Agathi Ntzouvani, Elisabeth Fragopoulou, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Christos Pitsavos, Smaragdi Antonopoulou
BACKGROUND: Given the increasing rate of overweight and the burden of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on cardiovascular disease development, better understanding of the syndrome is of great importance. Therefore, the objectives were to examine whether interleukin-6 (IL-6) and adiponectin are associated with MetS, and whether this association is mediated by components of the MetS. METHODS: During 2011-2012, 284 individuals (159 men, 53 ± 9 years, 125 women 52 ± 9 years) without cardiovascular disease, type 1 diabetes mellitus, high-grade inflammatory disease, living in the greater Athens area, Greece, participated in clinical examination...
August 27, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Wan Shen, Michael K McIntosh
Obesity is the most widespread nutritional disease in the United States. Developing effective and safe strategies to manage excess body weight is therefore of paramount importance. One potential strategy to reduce obesity is to consume conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplements containing isomers cis-9, trans-11 and trans-10, cis-12, or trans-10, cis-12 alone. Proposed antiobesity mechanisms of CLA include regulation of (a) adipogenesis, (b) lipid metabolism, (c) inflammation, (d) adipocyte apoptosis, (e) browning or beiging of adipose tissue, and (f) energy metabolism...
July 17, 2016: Annual Review of Nutrition
Katherine Esposito, Maria Ida Maiorino, Giuseppe Bellastella, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Dario Giugliano
Dietary patterns influence various cardiometabolic risk factors, including body weight, lipoprotein concentrations, and function, blood pressure, glucose-insulin homeostasis, oxidative stress, inflammation, and endothelial health. The Mediterranean diet can be described as a dietary pattern characterized by the high consumption of plant-based foods, olive oil as the main source of fat, low-to-moderate consumption of fish, dairy products and poultry, low consumption of red and processed meat, and low-to-moderate consumption of wine with meals...
July 9, 2016: Endocrine
Abdikarim Abdullahi, Marc G Jeschke
The study of white adipose tissue (WAT) 'browning' has become a 'hot topic' in various acute and chronic metabolic conditions, based on the idea that WAT browning might be able to facilitate weight loss and improve metabolic health. However, this view cannot be translated into all areas of medicine. Recent studies identified effects of browning associated with adverse outcomes, and as more studies are being conducted, a very different picture has emerged about WAT browning and its detrimental effect in acute and chronic hypermetabolic conditions...
August 2016: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
Luminita Animarie Vida Simiti, Irina Todor, Mirela Anca Stoia, Cerasela Mihaela Goidescu, Florin Petru Anton, Anca Daniela Farcas
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The involvement of leptin in atherosclerosis is very complex, including inflammation, the oxidative stress and thrombosis. Leptin has atherogenic and also antiatherogenic actions. In obesity elevated leptin levels are not sufficient to prevent disturbances of energy balance, suggesting that obese people are leptin resistant. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between baseline plasma levels of leptin and the incidence of new ischemic events in patients with CHD...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
Jae Gu Jung, Jae Nam Yang, Chang Geun Lee, Sung Hun Choi, Won Gun Kwack, Jin Ho Lee, Hyoun Woo Kang
BACKGROUND: The relationship between visceral adiposity and the incidence of functional dyspepsia (FD) has not yet been studied. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the association between visceral adiposity and the risk of FD. METHODS: This is a case-control study that compares the abdominal adipose tissue area between subjects with FD and control subjects without FD, who underwent abdomen computerized tomography (CT) for health examinations in a tertiary center...
March 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Maria Dalamaga, Gerasimos S Christodoulatos
Higher body mass index and adiposopathy have been associated with increased risk of hematologic malignancies such as leukemia, multiple myeloma, myeloproliferative disorders, Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and myelodysplastic syndromes. Adiponectin is a multimeric protein of the white adipose tissue presenting anti-inflammatory, insulin-sensitizing, anti-atherogenic, cardioprotective, and anti-neoplastic properties. Its anti-neoplastic actions are manifested via two mechanisms: (i) direct action on tumor cells by enhancing receptor-mediated signaling pathways and (ii) indirect action by regulating inflammatory responses, influencing cancer angiogenesis, and modulating insulin sensitivity at the target tissue site...
July 2015: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
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