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BPD

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79 papers 25 to 100 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747888/optimizing-caffeine-use-and-risk-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-application-of-grading-of-recommendations-assessment-development-and-evaluation-methodology
#1
REVIEW
Mitali Atul Pakvasa, Vivek Saroha, Ravi Mangal Patel
Caffeine reduces the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Optimizing caffeine use could increase therapeutic benefit. We performed a systematic-review and random-effects meta-analysis of studies comparing different timing of initiation and dose of caffeine on the risk of BPD. Earlier initiation, compared to later, was associated with a decreased risk of BPD (5 observational studies; n = 63,049, adjusted OR 0.69; 95% CI 0.64-0.75, GRADE: low quality). High-dose caffeine, compared to standard-dose, was associated with a decreased risk of BPD (3 randomized trials, n = 432, OR 0...
June 2018: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730596/human-milk-is-perhaps-the-single-most-under-rated-strategy-to-prevent-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#2
Sergio Verd, Gemma Ginovart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666203/efficacy-and-safety-of-pulmonary-application-of-corticosteroids-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Mahin Delara, Bhupendrasinh F Chauhan, Mê-Linh Le, Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Ryan Zarychanski, Geert W 'tJong
BACKGROUND: Systemic corticosteroids as the frontline treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants are associated with adverse effects on growth and neurodevelopmental outcome, but the pulmonary administration of steroids may help prevent the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) without these side effects. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pulmonary application of corticosteroids in preterm infants with RDS. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ClinicalTrials...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605396/bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-the-ongoing-search-for-one-definition-to-rule-them-all
#4
EDITORIAL
Erik A Jensen, Clyde J Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627403/ventilatory-practices-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-in-a-level-iii-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#5
S Abreu-Pereira, R Pinto-Lopes, F Flôr-de-Lima, G Rocha, H Guimarães
INTRODUCTION: Although non-invasive forms of ventilation have recently spread in neonatology, invasive ventilation still plays a key role in the support of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. The purpose of this study was to assess changes in neonatal ventilation practices for ELBW infants and compare outcomes between two epochs (2005-2009 vs. 2010-2015) to analyze progression stemming from the implementation of newer clinical guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study with data collection from all ELBW infants born between 2005 and 2015 in our center through their individual clinical records...
April 4, 2018: Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541430/the-effect-of-inhaled-budesonide-on-the-prevention-of-chronic-lung-disease-in-premature-neonates-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#6
Alireza Sadeghnia, Behzad Koorang Beheshti, Majid Mohammadizadeh
Background: Considering all the latest achievements in neonatal respiratory care, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is still among the most prevalent morbidity causes in premature infants. Involvement in this process results in longer period of hospitalization for the newborn and in the long run makes the living conditions more difficult. Taking the multifactorial pathogenesis into account, approaches to tackle chronic lung disease (CLD) are mainly focused on interventions and prevention procedures...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514147/update-on-vitamin-e-and-its-potential-role-in-preventing-or-treating-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#7
Cosby A Stone, Cindy T McEvoy, Judy L Aschner, Ashudee Kirk, Christian Rosas-Salazar, Joan M Cook-Mills, Paul E Moore, William F Walsh, Tina V Hartert
Vitamin E is obtained only through the diet and has a number of important biological activities, including functioning as an antioxidant. Evidence that free radicals may contribute to pathological processes such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a disease of prematurity associated with increased lung injury, inflammation and oxidative stress, led to trials of the antioxidant vitamin E (α-tocopherol) to prevent BPD with variable results. These trials were all conducted at supraphysiologic doses and 2 of these trials utilized a formulation containing a potentially harmful excipient...
March 7, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246130/enteral-vitamin-a-for-reducing-severity-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-extremely-preterm-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Abhijeet Rakshasbhuvankar, Sanjay Patole, Karen Simmer, J Jane Pillow
BACKGROUND: Intramuscular vitamin A supplementation decreases the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very-low-birth-weight preterm infants without significant adverse effects. However, intramuscular vitamin A supplementation is not widely accepted because of the discomfort and risk of trauma associated with repeated injections. Enteral vitamin A supplementation has not been studied adequately in the clinical trials. Enterally administered water-soluble vitamin A is absorbed better than the fat-soluble form...
December 16, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465463/novel-therapeutics-for-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#9
Lannae Strueby, Bernard Thébaud
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides a concise summary of recent literature pertaining to emerging therapies for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). To provide context for the presented therapies, a brief overview of recently proposed changes to the definition of BPD and the concept of expanded respiratory outcomes is included. RECENT FINDINGS: New or redefined respiratory outcomes are required to improve accuracy in evaluating new therapies and correlating results with long-term clinical outcomes of importance...
June 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374791/recent-advances-in-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-pathophysiology-prevention-and-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Jung S Hwang, Virender K Rehan
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is potentially one of the most devastating conditions in premature infants with longstanding consequences involving multiple organ systems including adverse effects on pulmonary function and neurodevelopmental outcome. Here we review recent studies in the field to summarize the progress made in understanding in the pathophysiology, prognosis, prevention, and treatment of BPD in the last decade. The work reviewed includes the progress in understanding its pathobiology, genomic studies, ventilatory strategies, outcomes, and therapeutic interventions...
April 2018: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447482/role-of-vitamin-a-supplementation-in-prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-neonates-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-trials
#11
Bhawan Deep Garg, Anju Bansal, Nandkishor S Kabra
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is one of the most common consequence of extreme prematurity (<28 weeks of gestation). BPD affects approximately 55% of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates. AIMS: The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the role of vitamin A supplementation in prevention of BPD in ELBW neonates. METHOD: The literature search was done for various randomized control trial (RCT) by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, EMBASE, and ongoing clinical trials...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475879/corticosteroids-for-the-prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants-a-network-meta-analysis
#12
Linan Zeng, Jinhui Tian, Fujian Song, Wenrui Li, Lucan Jiang, Ge Gui, Yang Zhang, Long Ge, Jing Shi, Xin Sun, Dezhi Mu, Lingli Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the comparative efficacy and safety of corticosteroids in the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library. Two reviewers independently selected randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of postnatal corticosteroids in preterm infants. A Bayesian network meta-analysis and subgroup analyses were performed. RESULTS: We included 47 RCTs with 6747 participants...
February 23, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114678/revisiting-the-definition-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-effect-of-changing-panoply-of-respiratory-support-for-preterm-neonates
#13
Tetsuya Isayama, Shoo K Lee, Junmin Yang, David Lee, Sibasis Daspal, Michael Dunn, Prakesh S Shah
Importance: Several definitions of bronchopulmonary dysplasia are clinically used; however, their validity remains uncertain considering ongoing changes in the panoply of respiratory support treatment strategies used within neonatal units. Objective: To identify the optimal definition of bronchopulmonary dysplasia that best predicts respiratory and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study at tertiary neonatal intensive care units...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552058/vitamin-a-supplementation-to-prevent-mortality-and-short-and-long-term-morbidity-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#14
REVIEW
Brian A Darlow, P J Graham, Maria Ximena Rojas-Reyes
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A is necessary for normal lung growth and the integrity of respiratory tract epithelial cells. Preterm infants have low vitamin A status at birth and this has been associated with an increased risk of developing chronic lung disease. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate supplementation with vitamin A on the incidence of death or neonatal chronic lung disease and long-term neurodevelopmental disability in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants compared with a control (placebo or no supplementation), and to consider the effect of the supplementation route, dose, and timing...
August 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176308/fluid-restriction-for-treatment-of-preterm-infants-with-chronic-lung-disease
#15
REVIEW
Keith J Barrington, Etienne Fortin-Pellerin, Thomas Pennaforte
BACKGROUND: Fluid restriction is often recommended as part of the management of infants with early or established bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). OBJECTIVES: To determine whether fluid restriction as part of the therapeutic intervention for early or established BPD improves clinical outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: We used the standard search strategy of Cochrane Neonatal to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 1) in the Cochrane Library (searched 16 February 2016), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to 16 February 2016), Embase (1980 to 16 February 2016), and CINAHL (1982 to 16 February 2016)...
February 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723887/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-characterization-of-poractant-alfa-supplemented-with-budesonide-for-safe-and-effective-intratracheal-administration
#16
Francesca Ricci, Chiara Catozzi, Francesca Ravanetti, Xabier Murgia, Francesco D'Aló, Natalia Macchidani, Elisa Sgarbi, Valentina Di Lallo, Federica Saccani, Marisa Pertile, Antonio Cacchioli, Silvia Catinella, Gino Villetti, Maurizio Civelli, Francesco Amadei, Fabio Franco Stellari, Barbara Pioselli, Fabrizio Salomone
BackgroundThe intratracheal (IT) administration of budesonide using surfactant as a vehicle has been shown to reduce the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. The objective of this study was to characterize the in vitro characteristics and in vivo safety and efficacy of the extemporaneous combination of budesonide and poractant alfa.MethodsThe stability, minimum surface tension, and viscosity of the preparation were evaluated by means of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), Wilhelmy balance, and Rheometer, respectively...
December 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341209/identification-of-gaps-in-the-current-knowledge-on-pulmonary-hypertension-in-extremely-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Sanne Arjaans, Elvira A H Zwart, Mark-Jan Ploegstra, Arend F Bos, Elisabeth M W Kooi, Hans L Hillege, Rolf M F Berger
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension complicates the clinical course of extremely preterm infants and is associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). However, prevalence, risk factors, and outcome of pulmonary hypertension in these infants are insufficiently known. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to provide an up-to-date overview of available data on prevalence, risk factors, and outcome of pulmonary hypertension and to identify current knowledge gaps. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched in July 2017...
January 17, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945702/mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-a-clinical-review
#18
REVIEW
Ann A Simones, Daniel J Beisang, Angela Panoskaltsis-Mortari, Kari D Roberts
Advances in neonatal medicine have led to increased survival of infants born at the limits of viability, resulting in an increased incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). BPD is a chronic lung disease of premature infants characterized by the arrest of alveolarization, fibroblast activation, and inflammation. BPD leads to significant morbidity and mortality in the neonatal period and is one of the leading causes of chronic lung disease in children. The past decade has brought a surge of trials investigating cellular therapies for the treatment of pulmonary diseases...
January 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320647/long-term-effects-of-inhaled-budesonide-for-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dirk Bassler, Eric S Shinwell, Mikko Hallman, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Richard Plavka, Virgilio Carnielli, Christoph Meisner, Corinna Engel, Alexander Koch, Karen Kreutzer, Johannes N van den Anker, Matthias Schwab, Henry L Halliday, Christian F Poets
BACKGROUND: The long-term effects on neurodevelopment of the use of inhaled glucocorticoids in extremely preterm infants for the prevention or treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia are uncertain. METHODS: We randomly assigned 863 infants (gestational age, 23 weeks 0 days to 27 weeks 6 days) to receive early (within 24 hours after birth) inhaled budesonide or placebo. The prespecified secondary long-term outcome was neurodevelopmental disability among survivors, defined as a composite of cerebral palsy, cognitive delay (a Mental Development Index score of <85 [1 SD below the mean of 100] on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition, with higher scores on the scale indicating better performance), deafness, or blindness at a corrected age of 18 to 22 months...
January 11, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321180/two-year-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-extremely-preterm-infants-treated-with-early-hydrocortisone-treatment-effect-according-to-gestational-age-at-birth
#20
Olivier Baud, Clémence Trousson, Valérie Biran, Emilie Leroy, Damir Mohamed, Corinne Alberti
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether early hydrocortisone treatment in extremely preterm infants affects neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years of age according to gestational age at birth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is an exploratory analysis of neurodevelopmental outcomes by gestational age strata from the PREMILOC trial, in which patients were randomly assigned to receive either placebo or low-dose hydrocortisone and randomisation was stratified by gestational age groups (24-25 and 26-27 weeks of gestation)...
January 10, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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